How to format your references using the Microprocessors and Microsystems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microprocessors and Microsystems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Kolter, Microbiology. Deadly priming, Science. 318 (2007) 578–579.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Kan, Y. Wang, Large and fast reversible Li-ion storages in Fe2O3-graphene sheet-on-sheet sandwich-like nanocomposites, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3502.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Wang, C. Song, A.-L. Barabási, Quantifying long-term scientific impact, Science. 342 (2013) 127–132.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.J. Wright, B. Parsons, P.C. England, E.J. Fielding, InSAR observations of low slip rates on the major faults of western Tibet, Science. 305 (2004) 236–239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Padova, Adobe® Acrobat® X PDF Bible, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2011.
An edited book
D.A. Yee, ed., Ecology, Systematics, and the Natural History of Predaceous Diving Beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
B.M. Gallant, Y.-C. Lu, R.R. Mitchell, D.G. Kwabi, T.J. Carney, C.V. Thompson, Y. Shao-Horn, The Kinetics and Product Characteristics of Oxygen Reduction and Evolution in LiO2 Batteries, in: N. Imanishi, A.C. Luntz, P. Bruce (Eds.), The Lithium Air Battery: Fundamentals, Springer, New York, NY, 2014: pp. 121–158.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microprocessors and Microsystems.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Watch A Man Climb Into An Active Volcano, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Securities Regulation: Hostile Corporate Takeovers: Synopses of Thirty-Two Attempts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.L. Delcambre, Finite Difference Schemes for a Structured Model of Mycobacterium marinum, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, Trying to Protect A Zigzag Piece Of a Famed Circle, New York Times. (2001) 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicroprocessors and Microsystems
AbbreviationMicroprocess. Microsyst.
ISSN (print)0141-9331
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture

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