How to format your references using the Microprocessors and Microsystems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microprocessors and Microsystems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.M. Miller, Neuroscience. Synapses here and not everywhere, Science. 317 (2007) 907–908.
A journal article with 2 authors
X. Lu, C. Brelsford, Network structure and community evolution on Twitter: human behavior change in response to the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6773.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Acquisti, J. Kleffe, S. Collins, Oxygen content of transmembrane proteins over macroevolutionary time scales, Nature. 445 (2007) 47–52.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Tukiainen, A.-C. Villani, A. Yen, M.A. Rivas, J.L. Marshall, R. Satija, M. Aguirre, L. Gauthier, M. Fleharty, A. Kirby, B.B. Cummings, S.E. Castel, K.J. Karczewski, F. Aguet, A. Byrnes, G. Consortium, T. Lappalainen, A. Regev, K.G. Ardlie, N. Hacohen, D.G. MacArthur, Corrigendum: Landscape of X chromosome inactivation across human tissues, Nature. 555 (2018) 274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I.M. Smith, D.V. Griffiths, L. Margetts, Programming the Finite Element Method, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
P. Spyns, Scientific Peer Reviewing: Practical Hints and Best Practices, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Dragonas, A. Doulamis, G. Miaoulis, D. Plemenos, Collaborative Foreground Background Object Isolation and Tracking, in: D. Plemenos, G. Miaoulis (Eds.), Intelligent Computer Graphics 2010, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 67–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microprocessors and Microsystems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Mediterranean Diet Linked With A Lower Risk Of Breast Cancer, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Commercial Launch Vehicles: NASA Taking Measures to Manage Delays and Risks, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.T. Satterlee, A case study of undergraduate student employment at a private university: Exploring the effects of social class and institutional context, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, The Star Who Stood Out By Not Standing Out, New York Times. (2013) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicroprocessors and Microsystems
AbbreviationMicroprocess. Microsyst.
ISSN (print)0141-9331
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture

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