How to format your references using the The International Journal of Management Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Management Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christianson, D. W. (2006). Biochemistry. Five golden rings. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5766), 1382–1383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Komatsu, T., & Itino, T. (2014). Moth caterpillar solicits for homopteran honeydew. Scientific Reports, 4, 3922.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruby, E., Henderson, B., & McFall-Ngai, M. (2004). Microbiology. We get by with a little help from our (little) friends. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5662), 1305–1307.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Muttoni, G., Erba, E., Kent, D. V., & Bachtadse, V. (2005). Mesozoic Alpine facies deposition as a result of past latitudinal plate motion. Nature, 434(7029), 59–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clark, M. (2006). Understanding Diabetes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ott, I., & Kõiv, T. (Eds.). (2005). Lake Verevi, Estonia — A Highly Stratified Hypertrophic Lake (Vol. 182). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Haynes, T. W. (2016). All My Favorite Conjectures Are Critical. In R. Gera, S. Hedetniemi, & C. Larson (Eds.), Graph Theory: Favorite Conjectures and Open Problems - 1 (pp. 63–82). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Management Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 23). New Mineral Discovered With A Unique Composition. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Federal Guidance Needed if Halfway Houses Are To Be a Viable Alternative to Prison (GGD-75-70). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper, E. A. (2009). Missouri elementary teacher certification programs and the education provided on how boys and girls learn differently [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, September 15). Gallery of Horrors. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christianson, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Christianson, 2006; Komatsu & Itino, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Komatsu & Itino, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Ruby et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Muttoni et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Management Education
ISSN (print)1472-8117
ScopeStrategy and Management

Other styles