How to format your references using the The International Journal of Management Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Management Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vereecken, L. (2013). Chemistry. Lifting the veil on an old mystery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6129), 154–155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trampert, J., & van Heijst, H. J. (2002). Global azimuthal anisotropy in the transition zone. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5571), 1297–1299.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaul, M., Garden, G. A., & Lipton, S. A. (2001). Pathways to neuronal injury and apoptosis in HIV-associated dementia. Nature, 410(6831), 988–994.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sato, T., Kamiyama, T., Takahashi, T., Kurahashi, K., & Yamada, K. (2001). Observation of d(x2-y2)-like superconducting gap in an electron-doped high-temperature superconductor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5508), 1517–1519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McPhee, P. (2012). A Companion to the French Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Tsumoto, S., Yamaguchi, T., Numao, M., & Motoda, H. (Eds.). (2005). Active Mining: Second International Workshop, AM 2003, Maebashi, Japan, October 28, 2003. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3430). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schomburg, H., & Teichler, U. (2006). THE EDUCATIONAL PATHS AND ATTAINMENTS. In U. Teichler (Ed.), Higher Education and Graduate Employment in Europe: Results from Graduate Surveys from Twelve Countries (pp. 29–34). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Management Education.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 9). Masked Hypertension Is A Silent Killer – We Must Do More To Detect It. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). National Aero-Space Plane: Key Issues Facing the Program (No. T-NSIAD-92-26). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crider, M. C. (2012). The social and environmental effects of shrimp mariculture: Case studies of two coastal villages in Ecuador (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, September 12). Fox News May Add Ingraham and Move Up Hannity. New York Times, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vereecken, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Trampert & van Heijst, 2002; Vereecken, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trampert & van Heijst, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Kaul, Garden, & Lipton, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sato, Kamiyama, Takahashi, Kurahashi, & Yamada, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Management Education
ISSN (print)1472-8117
ScopeStrategy and Management

Other styles