How to format your references using the The International Journal of Management Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Management Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nolet, G. (2009). Geophysics. Slabs do not go gently. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5931), 1152–1153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Green, M. A., & Fry, S. C. (2005). Vitamin C degradation in plant cells via enzymatic hydrolysis of 4-O-oxalyl-L-threonate. Nature, 433(7021), 83–87.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, S. J., Wigley, T. M., & Edmonds, J. (2000). CLIMATE: A New Route Toward Limiting Climate Change? Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5494), 1109–1110.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Song, H., Jeong, T.-G., Moon, Y. H., Chun, H.-H., Chung, K. Y., Kim, H. S., Cho, B. W., & Kim, Y.-T. (2014). Stabilization of oxygen-deficient structure for conducting Li4Ti5O12-δ by molybdenum doping in a reducing atmosphere. Scientific Reports, 4, 4350.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton, I. (2012). Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2012. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bock, H. G., Carraro, T., Jäger, W., Körkel, S., Rannacher, R., & Schlöder, J. P. (Eds.). (2013). Model Based Parameter Estimation: Theory and Applications (Vol. 4). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Badman, S. V., Branduardi-Raymont, G., Galand, M., Hess, S. L. G., Krupp, N., Lamy, L., Melin, H., & Tao, C. (2016). Auroral Processes at the Giant Planets: Energy Deposition, Emission Mechanisms, Morphology and Spectra. In K. Szego, N. Achilleos, C. Arridge, S. Badman, P. Delamere, D. Grodent, M. Galland Kivelson, & P. Louarn (Eds.), The Magnetodiscs and Aurorae of Giant Planets (pp. 99–179). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Management Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 28). Watch The Annual Beluga Whale Migration LIVE. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Month In Review, July 1999: Reports, Testimony, Correspondence, and Other Publications (OPA-99-10). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, S. L. (2008). Ninth grade transition: Best practices for a successful transition to high school [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, February 12). Keeping Their Dogs From Looking Like Ours. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nolet, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Green & Fry, 2005; Nolet, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Green & Fry, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Smith et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Song et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Management Education
ISSN (print)1472-8117
ScopeStrategy and Management

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