How to format your references using the The International Journal of Management Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Management Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, C. R. (2007). Astronomy. Simmering, not boiling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5849), 404–405.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boughn, S., & Crittenden, R. (2004). A correlation between the cosmic microwave background and large-scale structure in the Universe. Nature, 427(6969), 45–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Finn, C. A., Sisson, T. W., & Deszcz-Pan, M. (2001). Aerogeophysical measurements of collapse-prone hydrothermally altered zones at Mount Rainier volcano. Nature, 409(6820), 600–603.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, W., Wan, H., Feng, G., Qu, J., Wang, J., Jing, Y., Ren, R., Liu, Z., Zhang, L., Chen, Z., Wang, S., Zhao, Y., Wang, Z., Yuan, Y., Zhou, Q., Li, W., Liu, G.-H., & Hu, B. (2018). SIRT6 deficiency results in developmental retardation in cynomolgus monkeys. Nature, 560(7720), 661–665.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vettese, F. (2015). The Essential Retirement Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Thilikos, D. M., & Woeginger, G. J. (Eds.). (2012). Parameterized and Exact Computation: 7th International Symposium, IPEC 2012, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 12-14, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7535). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Anochie-Boateng, J. K., Steyn, W. J., Fisher, C., & Truter, L. (2016). A Link of Full-Scale Accelerated Pavement Testing to Long-Term Pavement Performance Study in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. In J. P. Aguiar-Moya, A. Vargas-Nordcbeck, F. Leiva-Villacorta, & L. G. Loría-Salazar (Eds.), The Roles of Accelerated Pavement Testing in Pavement Sustainability: Engineering, Environment, and Economics (pp. 67–79). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Management Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 22). Short, Sharp Shocks Let Slip The Stories Of Supernovae. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Agencies Better Manage Investments (GAO-14-568T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De la Pena Wing, T. (2010). Remembering Malintzin’s dream: A bridge between two cultures through language and love [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2004, September 21). Governor Backs Pardoning Russian Who Killed Chechen Woman. New York Times, A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Boughn & Crittenden, 2004; Kaiser, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boughn & Crittenden, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Finn et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Management Education
ISSN (print)1472-8117
ScopeStrategy and Management

Other styles