How to format your references using the The International Journal of Management Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Management Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hederstedt, L. (2003). Structural biology. Complex II is complex too. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5607), 671–672.
A journal article with 2 authors
Corten, G. P., & Veldkamp, H. F. (2001). Aerodynamics. Insects can halve wind-turbine power. Nature, 412(6842), 41–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinez-Perez, E., Shaw, P., & Moore, G. (2001). The Ph1 locus is needed to ensure specific somatic and meiotic centromere association. Nature, 411(6834), 204–207.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
O’Dowd, C. D., Jimenez, J. L., Bahreini, R., Flagan, R. C., Seinfeld, J. H., Hämeri, K., Pirjola, L., Kulmala, M., Jennings, S. G., & Hoffmann, T. (2002). Marine aerosol formation from biogenic iodine emissions. Nature, 417(6889), 632–636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis, S. (2016). Positive Psychology and Change. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schmidt, H. H. H. W., Hofmann, F., & Stasch, J.-P. (Eds.). (2009). cGMP: Generators, Effectors and Therapeutic Implications (Vol. 191). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Garibo-Peyró, A.-P. (2012). Somalia: From the Errors of Colonialism to the Horrors of War. In J. Ballesteros, E. Fernández Ruiz-Gálvez, & P. Talavera (Eds.), Globalization and Human Rights: Challenges and Answers from a European Perspective (pp. 113–140). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Management Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 12). How To Get Into The World’s Top University: Oxford Reveals Its Interview Questions. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Extending H.R. 3564 and H.R. 4949 to Federal Examining (No. 110546). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman, K. L. (2017). Perceived and preferred organizational culture on behavior intentions in the hospitality industry [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N. (2017, July 10). Closed Before It Opens. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hederstedt, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Corten & Veldkamp, 2001; Hederstedt, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Corten & Veldkamp, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Martinez-Perez et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (O’Dowd et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Management Education
ISSN (print)1472-8117
ScopeStrategy and Management

Other styles