How to format your references using the Medical Principles and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Principles and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Moazed D. Molecular biology. Rejoice--RNAi for yeast. Science. 2009 Oct;326(5952):533–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Field B, Osbourn AE. Metabolic diversification--independent assembly of operon-like gene clusters in different plants. Science. 2008 Apr;320(5875):543–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Sagy A, Reches Z, Fineberg J. Dynamic fracture by large extraterrestrial impacts as the origin of shatter cones. Nature. 2002 Jul;418(6895):310–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Pridans C, Sauter KA, Baer K, Kissel H, Hume DA. CSF1R mutations in hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids are loss of function. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct;3:3013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Koperski J. The Physics of Theism. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1
Aguilera MK, editor. Distributed Computing: 26th International Symposium, DISC 2012, Salvador, Brazil, October 16-18, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Velarde MG, Ebeling W, Chetverikov AP. Soliton-Mediated Electron Transfer and Electric Transport Arising from Coupling Electron Quantum Mechanics to Nonlinear Elasticity in Anharmonic Crystal Lattices. In: Wiercigroch M, Rega G, editors. IUTAM Symposium on Nonlinear Dynamics for Advanced Technologies and Engineering Design: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Nonlinear Dynamics for Advanced Technologies and Engineering Design, held Aberdeen, UK, 27-30 July 2010. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013; pp 47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Principles and Practice.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. New Horizons’ Team Announces Their Next Target [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Sep [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/new-horizons-next-target/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Federal Judicial Space Follow-up. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Chen G. Essays On Using Weather Derivatives In Dairy Production. 2005

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Barron J. Long-Ago Brooklyn Brewer Left Hidden Underground Vaults, and Mystery. New York Times. 2017 Feb;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Principles and Practice
AbbreviationMed. Princ. Pract.
ISSN (print)1011-7571
ISSN (online)1423-0151
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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