How to format your references using the Translational Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Translational Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hestmark, G. (2000). Oeconomia Naturae L. Nature, 405(6782), 19.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zaccolo, M., & Pozzan, T. (2002). Discrete microdomains with high concentration of cAMP in stimulated rat neonatal cardiac myocytes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5560), 1711–1715.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai, G., Zhang, Y., & Hao, J. (2014). Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering. Scientific reports, 4, 5724.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sun, S.-Y., Liu, Z.-P., Zeng, T., Wang, Y., & Chen, L. (2013). Spatio-temporal analysis of type 2 diabetes mellitus based on differential expression networks. Scientific reports, 3, 2268.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corns, T. N. (2008). A History of Seventeenth-Century English Literature. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Ciccarelli, F. D., & Miklós, I. (Eds.). (2009). Comparative Genomics: International Workshop, RECOMB-CG 2009, Budapest, Hungary, September 27-29, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 5817). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Deb, K., Lele, S., & Datta, R. (2007). A Hybrid Evolutionary Multi-objective and SQP Based Procedure for Constrained Optimization. In L. Kang, Y. Liu, & S. Zeng (Eds.), Advances in Computation and Intelligence: Second International Symposium, ISICA 2007 Wuhan, China, September 21-23, 2007 Proceedings (pp. 36–45). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Translational Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, September 18). Earth’s Gravity Gives The Moon A Massage. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Army Accounting Adjustments--Aviation Systems Command (No. AFMD-92-103ML). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ferreira, T. J. (2010). Fragmented: Moving Away from Control (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 3). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Days After “Final” Word on Draft, Clinton Faces Renewed Questions. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTranslational Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationTransl. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)1869-6716
ISSN (online)1613-9860
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Applied Psychology

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