How to format your references using the Transfusion Medicine Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transfusion Medicine Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maugeri L. Science and industry. Oil: never cry wolf--why the petroleum age is far from over. Science 2004;304:1114–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Falk A, Heckman JJ. Lab experiments are a major source of knowledge in the social sciences. Science 2009;326:535–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang B, Chen J, Corlett RT. Factors influencing repeated seed movements by scatter-hoarding rodents in an alpine forest. Sci Rep 2014;4:4786.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Abraham ER, Law CS, Boyd PW, Lavender SJ, Maldonado MT, Bowie AR. Importance of stirring in the development of an iron-fertilized phytoplankton bloom. Nature 2000;407:727–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg MA, Froum SJ. The Dentist’s Drug and Prescription Guide. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,; 2012.
An edited book
Raposio E, editor. Atlas of Endoscopic Plastic Surgery. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomar V, Qu T, Dubey DK, Verma D, Zhang Y. Molecular Modeling: A Review of Nanomechanics Based on Molecular Modeling. In: Qu T, Dubey DK, Verma D, Zhang Y, editors. Multiscale Characterization of Biological Systems: Spectroscopy and Modeling, New York, NY: Springer; 2015, p. 37–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transfusion Medicine Reviews.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Mars Has Gigantic Seasonal Dust Storms. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Federal Laboratory Consortium Should Increase Communication with Potential Customers to Improve Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez C. Generation-Y leadership: A qualitative phenomenological study of virtual socialization relationships. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. Real Life Story: Tale of a Shipwreck and the Actor Who Lived to Tell About It. New York Times 1998:147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransfusion Medicine Reviews
AbbreviationTransfus. Med. Rev.
ISSN (print)0887-7963
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical

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