How to format your references using the Transfusion Medicine Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transfusion Medicine Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
You Z. Materials design. Folding structures out of flat materials. Science 2014;345:623–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bisseling T, Scheres B. Plant Science. Nutrient computation for root architecture. Science 2014;346:300–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarola VW, Park K, Jain JK. Cooper instability of composite fermions. Nature 2000;406:863–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Costescu RM, Cahill DG, Fabreguette FH, Sechrist ZA, George SM. Ultra-low thermal conductivity in W/Al2O3 nanolaminates. Science 2004;303:989–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saadoun AP. Esthetic Soft Tissue Management of Teeth and Implants. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2012.
An edited book
Aronoff CE. Family Meetings: How to Build a Stronger Family and a Stronger Business. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Mazza A, Gat-Viks I, Farhan H, Sharan R. A Minimum-Labeling Approach for Reconstructing Protein Networks across Multiple Conditions. In: Darling A, Stoye J, editors. Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 13th International Workshop, WABI 2013, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 2-4, 2013. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transfusion Medicine Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew D. Say Hello To The Earth’s Nearest Exoplanet Neighbour: Proxima Centauri B. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Exempting FAA from Procurement and Personnel Rules. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson LM. Using Time-Resolved Photoluminescence Spectroscopy to Examine Exciton Dynamics in II-VI Semiconductor Nanostructures. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G. Baroque Opera at the Ambronay Festival. New York Times 2012:0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransfusion Medicine Reviews
AbbreviationTransfus. Med. Rev.
ISSN (print)0887-7963
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical

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