How to format your references using the Toxicon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Toxicon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2005. Guiding hands. Nature 434, 801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sharp, M.D., Pogliano, K., 2002. Role of cell-specific SpoIIIE assembly in polarity of DNA transfer. Science 295, 137–139.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chávez, A.E., Singer, J.H., Diamond, J.S., 2006. Fast neurotransmitter release triggered by Ca influx through AMPA-type glutamate receptors. Nature 443, 705–708.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, Y., Fang, J., Bedford, M.T., Zhang, Y., Xu, R.-M., 2006. Recognition of histone H3 lysine-4 methylation by the double tudor domain of JMJD2A. Science 312, 748–751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheer, J., 2010. Failed Bridges. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Sathiakumar, S., Awasthi, L.K., Masillamani, M.R., Sridhar, S.S. (Eds.), 2014. Proceedings of International Conference on Internet Computing and Information Communications: ICICIC Global 2012, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar, A., Gupta, A., Azooz, M.M., Sharma, S., Ahmad, P., Dames, J., 2013. Genetic Approaches to Improve Salinity Tolerance in Plants, in: Ahmad, P., Azooz, M.M., Prasad, M.N.V. (Eds.), Salt Stress in Plants: Signalling, Omics and Adaptations. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Toxicon.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Graphene Light Detector Could Lead To Heat Vision Contact Lenses [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Tax Systems Modernization: Update on Critical Issues Facing IRS (No. T-IMTEC-92-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prakash, A., 2010. Empire on the Seine: Surveillance, Citizenship, and North African Migrants in Paris (1925–1975) (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., 2008. THE WAY WE LIVE: 11-23-08: Becoming Screen Literate. New York Times MM48.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sharp and Pogliano, 2002; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sharp and Pogliano, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleToxicon
ISSN (print)0041-0101

Other styles