How to format your references using the Toxicon citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Toxicon. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Svoboda, P., 2010. Journal club. A molecular biologist explores how new genomic tools can be applied to wild animals. Nature 465, 529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Noda, H., Lapusta, N., 2013. Stable creeping fault segments can become destructive as a result of dynamic weakening. Nature 493, 518–521.
A journal article with 3 authors
Browne, J., Tunnacliffe, A., Burnell, A., 2002. Anhydrobiosis: plant desiccation gene found in a nematode. Nature 416, 38.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beall, E.L., Manak, J.R., Zhou, S., Bell, M., Lipsick, J.S., Botchan, M.R., 2002. Role for a Drosophila Myb-containing protein complex in site-specific DNA replication. Nature 420, 833–837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, R.E., Carraher, E., DeLisle, P., 2017. Leading Collaborative Architectural Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gołębiowski, L., Mazur, D. (Eds.), 2015. Analysis and Simulation of Electrical and Computer Systems, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gui, H., Roantree, M., 2013. Using a Pipeline Approach to Build Data Cube for Large XML Data Streams, in: Hong, B., Meng, X., Chen, L., Winiwarter, W., Song, W. (Eds.), Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 18th International Conference, DASFAA 2013, International Workshops: BDMA, SNSM, SeCoP, Wuhan, China, April 22-25, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Toxicon.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Bizarre Hourglass-Shaped Fossils Belonged to Our Distant Cousins [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Improvements Can Be Made in the Fiscal Management of CETA (No. HRD-82-53). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, C.A., 2010. Tracking chemistry self-efficacy and achievement in a preparatory chemistry course (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. The Patriarch and the Fighting Sons. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Svoboda, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Noda and Lapusta, 2013; Svoboda, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Noda and Lapusta, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Beall et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleToxicon
ISSN (print)0041-0101

Other styles