How to format your references using the International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marchand AP. Chemistry. Diamondoid hydrocarbons--delving into nature’s bounty. Science 2003;299:52–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wapenaar K, Snieder R. Determinism: Chaos tamed. Nature 2007;447:643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paraschiv-Ionescu A, Buchser E, Aminian K. Unraveling dynamics of human physical activity patterns in chronic pain conditions. Sci Rep 2013;3:2019.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Olendorf R, Rodd FH, Punzalan D, Houde AE, Hurt C, Reznick DN, et al. Frequency-dependent survival in natural guppy populations. Nature 2006;441:633–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaisler SH. Software Paradigms. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
McKinnon JF, Carrell TL, editors. Underwater Archaeology of a Pacific Battlefield: The WWII Battle of Saipan. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Falco I, Cioppa A, Maisto D, Tarantino E. Differential Evolution for the Registration of Remotely Sensed Images. In: Saad A, Dahal K, Sarfraz M, Roy R, editors. Soft Computing in Industrial Applications: Recent Trends, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 40–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents.

Blog post
Andrews R. Anti-Aging Blood Tampering Device May Soon Be Used In Human Trials. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: GAO Assessment of DOD Responsive Launch Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang N. Computational Studies on Biomolecular Diffusion and Electrostatics. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Grant Death Row Inmate a New Hearing in 1985 Tennessee Murder. New York Times 2006:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
AbbreviationInt. J. Antimicrob. Agents
ISSN (print)0924-8579
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles