How to format your references using the Toxicology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Toxicology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Q. Schiermeier, Network boost for southeast Europe, Nature. 410 (2001) 619.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Xie, D.L. Black, A CaMK IV responsive RNA element mediates depolarization-induced alternative splicing of ion channels, Nature. 410 (2001) 936–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Doligez, E. Danchin, J. Clobert, Public information and breeding habitat selection in a wild bird population, Science. 297 (2002) 1168–1170.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Kramer, C.A. Obejero-Paz, G. Myatt, Y.A. Kuryshev, A. Bruening-Wright, J.S. Verducci, A.M. Brown, MICE models: superior to the HERG model in predicting Torsade de Pointes, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ccps, Guidelines for Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
J.G. Backhaus, ed., The Liberation of the Serfs: The Economics of Unfree Labor, Springer, New York, NY, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Solomakhin, P. Tsang, S. Smith, High Security with Low Latency in Legacy SCADA Systems, in: T. Moore, S. Shenoi (Eds.), Critical Infrastructure Protection IV: Fourth Annual IFIP WG 11.10 International Conference on Critical Infrastructure Protection, ICCIP 2010, Washington, DC, USA, March 15-17, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Toxicology Reports.

Blog post
E. Andrew, What Causes Schizophrenia?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, A Second Launch Site for the Shuttle? An Analysis of Needs for the Nation’s Space Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.L. Curti, Talking About Science Interests: The Importance of Feedback Appraisals When Students Talk About Their Interests in STEM, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, LA 92, New York Times. (2017) C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleToxicology Reports
AbbreviationToxicol. Rep.
ISSN (print)2214-7500
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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