How to format your references using the Toxicological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Toxicological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weiss, B.P. (2012) Planetary science. A vitrage of asteroid magnetism. Science, 338, 897–898.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ottino, J.M. and Lueptow, R.M. (2008) Materials science. On mixing and demixing. Science, 319, 912–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng, J. et al. (2011) Transitional mammalian middle ear from a new Cretaceous Jehol eutriconodont. Nature, 472, 181–185.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Berry, N. et al. (2001) Vaccine safety. Analysis of oral polio vaccine CHAT stocks. Nature, 410, 1046–1047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt, P.J. and Kennedy, J.E. (2005) Financial Derivatives in Theory and Practice: Hunt/Financial Derivatives John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Goethals, B. and Siebes, A. eds. (2005) Knowledge Discovery in Inductive Databases: Third International Workshop, KDID 2004, Pisa, Italy, September 20, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rajeshwari, D.S. et al. (2016) Charge Pump with Improved High-Swing Cascode Current Source for Accurate Current Matching in DPLL. In, Dash,S.S. et al. (eds), Artificial Intelligence and Evolutionary Computations in Engineering Systems: Proceedings of ICAIECES 2015, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Toxicological Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016) A Piece Of Space Junk Has Punched A Hole In A European Satellite. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Social Security Administration: Effective Information Technology Management Essential for Data Center Initiative U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mihalas, S.T. (2008) Positive protective factors as moderators in the relationship between relational victimization and depression in minority adolescents.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011) At All-Star Game, Politics and Passion Are Also in Play. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weiss, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Weiss, 2012; Ottino and Lueptow, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ottino and Lueptow, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Berry et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleToxicological Sciences
AbbreviationToxicol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1096-6080
ISSN (online)1096-0929

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