How to format your references using the Toxicological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Toxicological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Heuvel, E.P.J. (2004) Astronomy. Double pulsar jackpot. Science, 303, 1143–1144.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schiermeier, Q. and Wegner, R. (2002) Foreign researchers turn their backs on Germany. Nature, 415, 945.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fendorf, S. et al. (2010) Spatial and temporal variations of groundwater arsenic in South and Southeast Asia. Science, 328, 1123–1127.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Lind, J. et al. (2013) Dating human cultural capacity using phylogenetic principles. Sci. Rep., 3, 1785.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt-Ahmed, K. (2013) Contemporary Islamic Finance John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dunkelman, O. and Keliher, L. eds. (2016) Selected Areas in Cryptography – SAC 2015: 22nd International Conference, Sackville, NB, Canada, August 12–14, 2015, Revised Selected Papers 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
De Vries, J. et al. (2007) Spinal cord stimulation for ischemic heart disease and peripheral vascular disease. In, Pickard,J.D. et al. (eds), Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery, Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery. Springer, Vienna, pp. 63–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Toxicological Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Watch SpaceX’s Falcon 9 Rocket Launch LIVE. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) National Airspace System: Observations on American Airlines’ 1997 Study of Future Air Traffic Congestion U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aghaee, M. (2016) Analysis of Dynamics and Optimal Control for an SIR Epidemiological Model with Time-varying Populations.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GISELA WILLIAMS; JOANNA KAKISSIS; ANDREW FERREN; SETH SHERWOOD; INGRID K. WILLIAMS; KATIE PARLA; SAMANTHA MURRAY GREENWAY; SOPHIA KISHKOVSKY; SETH SHERWOOD; and Whitlock, S. (2011) 15 Cities, Wrapped in a Bow, for Under $100. New York Times, TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van den Heuvel, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (van den Heuvel, 2004; Schiermeier and Wegner, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schiermeier and Wegner, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lind et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleToxicological Sciences
AbbreviationToxicol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1096-6080
ISSN (online)1096-0929
ScopeToxicology

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