How to format your references using the Tourism Management Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tourism Management Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Running, S. W. (2006). Climate change. Is global warming causing more, larger wildfires? Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5789), 927–928.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gut, P., & Verdin, E. (2013). The nexus of chromatin regulation and intermediary metabolism. Nature, 502(7472), 489–498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fouchier, R. A. M., Herfst, S., & Osterhaus, A. D. M. E. (2012). Public health and biosecurity. Restricted data on influenza H5N1 virus transmission. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6069), 662–663.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Saini, P., Eyler, D. E., Green, R., & Dever, T. E. (2009). Hypusine-containing protein eIF5A promotes translation elongation. Nature, 459(7243), 118–121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, D. (2004). A Networking Approach to Grid Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gad, S. C. (2011). Contract Research and Development Organizations: Their Role in Global Product Development (C. B. Spainhour, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sezer, V., Boyraz, P., Ercan, Z., Dikilitaş, Ç., Heceoğlu, H., Öner, A., Öke, G., & Gökaşan, M. (2014). Unmanned Ground Vehicle Otonobil: Design, Perception, and Decision Algorithms. In G. Schmidt, H. Abut, K. Takeda, & J. H. L. Hansen (Eds.), Smart Mobile In-Vehicle Systems: Next Generation Advancements (pp. 47–56). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tourism Management Perspectives.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 7). Google Lunar XPRIZE Competition To Land On The Moon Sees Israeli Company Take The Lead. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Readiness Improving Yet Essential Actions Remain to Ensure Delivery of Critical Services (T-AIMD-99-268). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fountain, J. M. (2014). Differences in Generational Work Values in America and Their Implications for Educational Leadership: A Longitudinal Test of Twenge’s Model [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Surico, J. (2017, June 8). Model Pet? Try a Rat. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Running, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gut & Verdin, 2013; Running, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gut & Verdin, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Fouchier et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Saini et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleTourism Management Perspectives
AbbreviationTour. Manag. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2211-9736
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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