How to format your references using the Tourism Management Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tourism Management Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vrakking, M. (2009). Chemical physics: Electronic movies. Nature, 460(7258), 960–961.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brüggen, M., & Kaiser, C. R. (2002). Hot bubbles from active galactic nuclei as a heat source in cooling-flow clusters. Nature, 418(6895), 301–303.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pearson, P. N., Foster, G. L., & Wade, B. S. (2009). Atmospheric carbon dioxide through the Eocene-Oligocene climate transition. Nature, 461(7267), 1110–1113.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Saha, R., Verma, P. K., Rakshit, S., Saha, S., Mayor, S., & Pal, S. K. (2013). Light driven ultrafast electron transfer in oxidative redding of Green Fluorescent Proteins. Scientific Reports, 3, 1580.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews, C. (2012). Engineers’ Data Book. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Monekosso, D., Remagnino, P., & Kuno, Y. (Eds.). (2009). Intelligent Environments: Methods, Algorithms and Applications. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Burileanu, D. (2008). Spoken Language Interfaces for Embedded Applications. In H. E. Blanchard (Ed.), Human Factors and Voice Interactive Systems (pp. 135–161). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tourism Management Perspectives.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, March 25). How Long Would It Take To Fall Through The Center Of The Earth? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Airlift Requirements: Commercial Freighters Can Help Meet Requirements at Greatly Reduced Costs (NSIAD-94-209). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilbert, S. A. (2017). Succession Planning Relating to the Millennial Generation in Private Four-Year Universities [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Latimer, M. (2016, August 8). How to Get Trump to Withdraw. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vrakking, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Brüggen & Kaiser, 2002; Vrakking, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brüggen & Kaiser, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Pearson et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Saha et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTourism Management Perspectives
AbbreviationTour. Manag. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2211-9736
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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