How to format your references using the Tourism Management Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tourism Management Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Supari, S. F. (2007). Q&A: Siti Fadilah Supari. Interviewed by Declan Butler. Nature, 450(7173), 1137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellis, G., & Silk, J. (2014). Scientific method: Defend the integrity of physics. Nature, 516(7531), 321–323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kryazhimskiy, S., Draghi, J. A., & Plotkin, J. B. (2011). Evolution. In evolution, the sum is less than its parts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6034), 1160–1161.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vanag, V. K., Yang, L., Dolnik, M., Zhabotinsky, A. M., & Epstein, I. R. (2000). Oscillatory cluster patterns in a homogeneous chemical system with global feedback. Nature, 406(6794), 389–391.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirwan, M. J. (2013). Handbook of Paper and Paperboard Packaging Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mackinnon, A. C., Jr (Ed.). (2012). Pediatric Neoplasia: Advances in Molecular Pathology and Translational Medicine. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Spahn, P. (2016). archē in Herodotus and Thucydides. In C. R. Thauer & C. Wendt (Eds.), Thucydides and Political Order: Concepts of Order and the History of the Peloponnesian War (pp. 59–85). Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tourism Management Perspectives.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, May 10). “Cuckoo Mafia” Goes After Victims’ Families. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). National Airspace System: Status of Wide Area Augmentation System Project (RCED-98-79). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ho, T. (2012). The influence of physical activity and unsafe neighborhoods on the development of gestational diabetes among women in California [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2012, January 8). Head of Russian Church Says Leaders Must Listen to Protests. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Supari, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ellis & Silk, 2014; Supari, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellis & Silk, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Kryazhimskiy et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Vanag et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleTourism Management Perspectives
AbbreviationTour. Manag. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2211-9736
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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