How to format your references using the Tourism Management Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tourism Management Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steneck, R. S. (2006). Ecology. Staying connected in a turbulent world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5760), 480–481.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bakker, H. J., & Nienhuys, H.-K. (2002). Delocalization of protons in liquid water. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 587–590.
A journal article with 3 authors
van Zuilen, M. A., Lepland, A., & Arrhenius, G. (2002). Reassessing the evidence for the earliest traces of life. Nature, 418(6898), 627–630.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, J., Yao, Z., Lei, T., & Poon, A. W. (2014). Silicon coupled-resonator optical-waveguide-based biosensors using light-scattering pattern recognition with pixelized mode-field-intensity distributions. Scientific Reports, 4, 7528.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Feldmann, D. (2015). Social Movements For Good. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Franklin, M. E. (2007). Treating Trichotillomania: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Hairpulling and Related Problems. (D. F. Tolin, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bonner, T., Sherman, L. D., Hurd, T. C., & Jones, L. A. (2016). Patient Navigation. In K. H. Todd & C. R. Thomas Jr. (Eds.), Oncologic Emergency Medicine: Principles and Practice (pp. 57–65). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tourism Management Perspectives.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 2). Climate Change Might Cost European Cities $40bn A Year By 2100. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Operations of and Outlook for the Transportation Trust Funds (No. T-RCED-90-78). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart, A. M. (2014). Estimation of urban-enhanced infiltration and groundwater recharge, Sierra Vista subbasin, southeast Arizona USA (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alcindor, Y. (2017, July 7). ‘Auntie Maxine,’ House Veteran Who’s Had It Up to Here With Trump. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steneck, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bakker & Nienhuys, 2002; Steneck, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bakker & Nienhuys, 2002)
  • Three authors: (van Zuilen, Lepland, & Arrhenius, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang, Yao, Lei, & Poon, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTourism Management Perspectives
AbbreviationTour. Manag. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2211-9736
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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