How to format your references using the Tourism Management Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tourism Management Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steed, J. W. (2000). Crystals that breathe. Nature, 406(6799), 943–944.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bernstein, A., & Rossant, J. (2013). Anthony James Pawson (1952-2013). Nature, 501(7466), 168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hooper, L. V., Littman, D. R., & Macpherson, A. J. (2012). Interactions between the microbiota and the immune system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6086), 1268–1273.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Soma, S., Shimegi, S., Suematsu, N., & Sato, H. (2013). Cholinergic modulation of response gain in the rat primary visual cortex. Scientific Reports, 3, 1138.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stephanie Hammer. (2013). Architects of Electronic Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hansson, A. (2011). On-Chip Interconnect with aelite: Composable and Predictable Systems (K. Goossens, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Milutinović, V., Salom, J., Trifunovic, N., & Giorgi, R. (2015). Using the WebIDE. In J. Salom, N. Trifunovic, & R. Giorgi (Eds.), Guide to DataFlow Supercomputing: Basic Concepts, Case Studies, and a Detailed Example (pp. 107–122). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tourism Management Perspectives.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, July 20). Archaeologists Think They’ve Discovered The World’s First Marijuana “Dealers.” IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Supercomputing in Industry (T-IMTEC-91-5). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nichol, K. P. (2013). English Language Learners and Gifted Identification: Exploring the Perceptions of Teachers and Parents [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Taggart, J., & Granville, K. (2017, April 15). How We Shop: Past, Present Future. New York Times, BU4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steed, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bernstein & Rossant, 2013; Steed, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bernstein & Rossant, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Hooper et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Soma et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTourism Management Perspectives
AbbreviationTour. Manag. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2211-9736
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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