How to format your references using the Tourism Management Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tourism Management Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2008). Closing the gaps. Nature, 452(7185), 382–383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pearse, A.-M., & Swift, K. (2006). Allograft theory: transmission of devil facial-tumour disease. Nature, 439(7076), 549.
A journal article with 3 authors
Catani, M., Bodi, I., & Dell’Acqua, F. (2012). Comment on “The geometric structure of the brain fiber pathways.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6102), 1605.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
López-García, P., Rodríguez-Valera, F., Pedrós-Alió, C., & Moreira, D. (2001). Unexpected diversity of small eukaryotes in deep-sea Antarctic plankton. Nature, 409(6820), 603–607.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zinkin, J. (2013). Rebuilding Trust in Banks. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Mateo, C. R., Gómez, J., Villalaín, J., & González-Ros, J. M. (Eds.). (2006). Protein-Lipid Interactions: New Approaches and Emerging Concepts (Vol. 9). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Müller, C., Gutierrez, A. M., Resinas, M., Fernandez, P., & Ruiz-Cortés, A. (2015). Towards Compensable SLAs. In G. Ortiz & C. Tran (Eds.), Advances in Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: Workshops of ESOCC 2014, Manchester, UK, September 2-4, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 31–38). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tourism Management Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 28). New Technique Controls Light Based on Angle. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). GPS Disruptions: Efforts to Assess Risks to Critical Infrastructure and Coordinate Agency Actions Should Be Enhanced (GAO-14-15). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, R. A. (2009). Examining coping skills used to deal with daily stressors of law enforcement [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, December 1). Looking for Wiseguys In the Land of Checked Tablecloths. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Pearse & Swift, 2006; Smaglik, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pearse & Swift, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Catani et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (López-García et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleTourism Management Perspectives
AbbreviationTour. Manag. Perspect.
ISSN (print)2211-9736
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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