How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harry, E. J. (2014). Microbiology: A beacon for bacterial tubulin. Nature, 516(7530), 175–176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Santner, A., & Estelle, M. (2009). Recent advances and emerging trends in plant hormone signalling. Nature, 459(7250), 1071–1078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryden, H. L., Longworth, H. R., & Cunningham, S. A. (2005). Slowing of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25 degrees N. Nature, 438(7068), 655–657.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Salehi-Ashtiani, K., Lupták, A., Litovchick, A., & Szostak, J. W. (2006). A genomewide search for ribozymes reveals an HDV-like sequence in the human CPEB3 gene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5794), 1788–1792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kyan, M., Muneesawang, P., Jarrah, K., & Guan, L. (2014). Unsupervised Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tombran-Tink, J., & Barnstable, C. J. (Eds.). (2008). Visual Transduction and Non-Visual Light Perception. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramanathan, K., & Guan, S. U. (2008). Recursive Pattern based Hybrid Supervised Training. In A. Abraham, C. Grosan, & W. Pedrycz (Eds.), Engineering Evolutionary Intelligent Systems (pp. 129–156). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, May 25). Hypersonic Test Flight Brings High-Speed Travel Dream Closer To Reality. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Many Federal Programs Fund Transportation Services, but Obstacles to Coordination Persist (No. GAO-03-698T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper, J. B. (2008). Examining the relationship between grade configuration and teachers’ perceptions of working conditions in public K–8 schools and middle schools in North Carolina (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2017, September 10). Irma’s Shifting Forecasts: Probability and Uncertainty, With Room for Improvement. New York Times, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harry 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Harry 2014; Santner and Estelle 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Santner and Estelle 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Salehi-Ashtiani et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education
ISSN (print)2198-9745
ISSN (online)2198-9753

Other styles