How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rylance, R. (2015). Grant giving: Global funders to focus on interdisciplinarity. Nature, 525(7569), 313–315.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dudin, Y. O., & Kuzmich, A. (2012). Strongly interacting Rydberg excitations of a cold atomic gas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6083), 887–889.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y., Lu, H., & Bargmann, C. I. (2005). Pathogenic bacteria induce aversive olfactory learning in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature, 438(7065), 179–184.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Williams, R. S. B., Cheng, L., Mudge, A. W., & Harwood, A. J. (2002). A common mechanism of action for three mood-stabilizing drugs. Nature, 417(6886), 292–295.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Magnasco, V. (2010). Models for Bonding in Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Naccache, D. (Ed.). (2012). Cryptography and Security: From Theory to Applications: Essays Dedicated to Jean-Jacques Quisquater on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday (Vol. 6805). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schummer, J. (2010). From Nano-Convergence to NBIC-Convergence: “The Best Way to Predict the Future is to Create it.” In M. Kaiser, M. Kurath, S. Maasen, & C. Rehmann-Sutter (Eds.), Governing Future Technologies: Nanotechnology and the Rise of an Assessment Regime (pp. 57–71). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 21). This Blue or Green Spectrum Illusion Depends On How Your Brain Perceives Color. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Embedded Computers: B-1B Computers Must Be Upgraded to Support Conventional Requirements (No. AIMD-96-28). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter, I. M. (2015). The discourse of the divine: Radical traditions of Black feminism, musicking, and myth within the Black public sphere (Civil Rights to the present) (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, October 3). Their Lotus Can’t Take Root On a Mat. New York Times, p. ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rylance 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dudin and Kuzmich 2012; Rylance 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dudin and Kuzmich 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Williams et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education
ISSN (print)2198-9745
ISSN (online)2198-9753

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