How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chan, M. A. (2015). PLANETARY SCIENCE. The martian lake chronicles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6257), 167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Philpotts, A. R., & Dickson, L. D. (2000). The formation of plagioclase chains during convective transfer in basaltic magma. Nature, 406(6791), 59–61.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shahabi, A., Wang, H., & Upmanyu, M. (2014). Shaping van der Waals nanoribbons via torsional constraints: scrolls, folds and supercoils. Scientific reports, 4, 7004.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hagai, T., Chen, X., Miragaia, R. J., Rostom, R., Gomes, T., Kunowska, N., et al. (2018). Gene expression variability across cells and species shapes innate immunity. Nature, 563(7730), 197–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bruen, G. O. (2015). WHOIS Running the Internet. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
S, M., & Kumar, S. S. (Eds.). (2013). Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Signal and Image Processing 2012 (ICSIP 2012): Volume 1 (Vol. 221). New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Gellrich, V., & Knepper, T. P. (2012). Sorption and Leaching Behavior of Perfluorinated Compounds in Soil. In T. P. Knepper & F. T. Lange (Eds.), Polyfluorinated Chemicals and Transformation Products (pp. 63–72). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 9). Astronomers Determine Saturn’s Location With Astounding Accuracy. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Satellite Acquisition: Global Positioning System Acquisition Changes After Challenger’s Accident (No. NSIAD-87-209BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herkert, H. L. (2015). Toward an Unseen Shore: Imaginative Thinking in Childhood Grief (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Senior, J. (2017, September 6). My Cousin The Soldier And Robber. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Dunn 2015; Sheppard 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Philpotts and Dickson 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Soucek et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education
ISSN (print)2198-9745
ISSN (online)2198-9753

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