How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall, C. R. (2006). Evolution. Fossil record reveals tropics as cradle and museum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5796), 66–67.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hong, S. Y., & Kalnay, E. (2000). Role of sea surface temperature and soil-moisture feedback in the 1998 Oklahoma-Texas drought. Nature, 408(6814), 842–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ganguly-Fitzgerald, I., Donlea, J., & Shaw, P. J. (2006). Waking experience affects sleep need in Drosophila. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5794), 1775–1781.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dobbins, I. G., Schnyer, D. M., Verfaellie, M., & Schacter, D. L. (2004). Cortical activity reductions during repetition priming can result from rapid response learning. Nature, 428(6980), 316–319.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, C. (2014). An Introduction to LTE. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Öchsner, A., & Altenbach, H. (Eds.). (2016). Machining, Joining and Modifications of Advanced Materials (Vol. 61). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Berg, S., Nyberg, T., & Kubart, T. (2008). Modelling of Reactive Sputtering Processes. In D. Depla & S. Mahieu (Eds.), Reactive Sputter Deposition (pp. 131–152). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, December 4). Most Precise Images Ever Of The Early Universe Revealed. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Vietnamese Version) (No. GAO-06-952). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ackerina, J. (2012). The call of public service: Motivation and professional commitment in education (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Sturm, J. (2017, May 12). On the Move. New York Times, p. BR22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marshall 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hong and Kalnay 2000; Marshall 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hong and Kalnay 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Dobbins et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education
ISSN (print)2198-9745
ISSN (online)2198-9753

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