How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Hobe, M. (2007). Atmospheric science. Revisiting ozone depletion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5858), 1878–1879.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woolf, C. J., & Bloechlinger, S. (2002). Neuroscience. It takes more than two to Nogo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5584), 1132–1134.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mathis, D., Vence, L., & Benoist, C. (2001). beta-Cell death during progression to diabetes. Nature, 414(6865), 792–798.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yamamoto, E., Akimoto, T., Yasui, M., & Yasuoka, K. (2014). Origin of subdiffusion of water molecules on cell membrane surfaces. Scientific reports, 4, 4720.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thiselton, A. C. (2010). 1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Nolte, S., Schrempel, F., & Dausinger, F. (Eds.). (2016). Ultrashort Pulse Laser Technology: Laser Sources and Applications (1st ed. 2016., Vol. 195). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dang, G., & Sui Pheng, L. (2015). Public Investments in Infrastructure for Trade and Economic Development. In L. Sui Pheng (Ed.), Infrastructure Investments in Developing Economies: The Case of Vietnam (pp. 67–80). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 4). How To Argue With Anti-Vaxxers, According To Science. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). The NASA Fiscal Year 1985 Budget Requests That Support DOD Programs (No. NSIAD-84-120). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, D. N. (2012). Career decision process of first generation Vietnamese American college students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, August 19). If Your Boyfriend Is Metrosexual. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Hobe 2007).
This sentence cites two references (von Hobe 2007; Woolf and Bloechlinger 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woolf and Bloechlinger 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamamoto et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education
ISSN (print)2198-9745
ISSN (online)2198-9753

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