How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pielke, R., Jr. (2011). John Marburger (1941-2011). Nature, 476(7360), 284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gruenheid, S., & Finlay, B. B. (2003). Microbial pathogenesis and cytoskeletal function. Nature, 422(6933), 775–781.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holt, L. J., Krutchinsky, A. N., & Morgan, D. O. (2008). Positive feedback sharpens the anaphase switch. Nature, 454(7202), 353–357.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fernández, Á. F., Sebti, S., Wei, Y., Zou, Z., Shi, M., McMillan, K. L., et al. (2018). Disruption of the beclin 1-BCL2 autophagy regulatory complex promotes longevity in mice. Nature, 558(7708), 136–140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huzurbazar, A. V. (2004). Flowgraph Models for Multistate Time-to-Event Data: Huzurbazar/Flowgraph Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Beletic, J. E., Beletic, J. W., & Amico, P. (Eds.). (2006). Scientific detectors for astronomy 2005: Explorers of the Photon Odyssey. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Y., & Pang, J. (2015). Distance and Friendship: A Distance-Based Model for Link Prediction in Social Networks. In R. Cheng, B. Cui, Z. Zhang, R. Cai, & J. Xu (Eds.), Web Technologies and Applications: 17th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2015, Guangzhou, China, September 18-20, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 55–66). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 8). New Images Of Pluto From New Horizons Will Arrive This Week. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Direct Student Loan Savings (No. HRD-93-25R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pratt, J. E. (2014). Investigating educational systems, leadership, and school culture: A holistic approach (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, April 1). Few Voters Show Up to Elect Two Democrats. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pielke 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gruenheid and Finlay 2003; Pielke 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gruenheid and Finlay 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Fernández et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education
ISSN (print)2198-9745
ISSN (online)2198-9753

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