How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgan, B. (2014). Fatty liver disease: the liver labyrinth. Nature, 516(7529), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finke, D. L., & Denno, R. F. (2004). Predator diversity dampens trophic cascades. Nature, 429(6990), 407–410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fernandes, C. C., Podos, J., & Lundberg, J. G. (2004). Amazonian ecology: tributaries enhance the diversity of electric fishes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5692), 1960–1962.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Scholtz, G., Braband, A., Tolley, L., Reimann, A., Mittmann, B., Lukhaup, C., et al. (2003). Ecology: Parthenogenesis in an outsider crayfish. Nature, 421(6925), 806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, B. R. (2009). Fundraising Law Made Easy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Malone, T. (2016). Adapting War Horse: Cognition, the Spectator, and a Sense of Play. (C. Jackman, Ed.). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Naheedy, J. H., & Mafee, M. F. (2008). Imaging Diagnosis of the Optic Nerve Sheath Meningioma. In B. Jeremic & S. Pitz (Eds.), Primary Optic Nerve Sheath Meningioma (pp. 39–53). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, October 16). Alcohol And Love Have Very Similar Effects On The Brain. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Management of a National Science Foundation Office of Energy Research and Development Policy Grant to the George Washington University: Questions, Answers, and Recommendations (No. HRD-77-38). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoover, J. H. (2009). The Arizona water-energy nexus: Electricity for water and wastewater services (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, October 28). Bob Dylan Responds, Elliptically, to His Nobel Prize After a Two-Week Silence. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morgan 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Finke and Denno 2004; Morgan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Finke and Denno 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Scholtz et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education
ISSN (print)2198-9745
ISSN (online)2198-9753

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