How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scott, J. C. (2004). Materials science. Is there an immortal memory? Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5667), 62–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, D. L., & Natland, J. H. (2007). Evidence for mantle plumes? Nature, 450(7169), E15; discussion E16.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lewis, S. L., Edwards, D. P., & Galbraith, D. (2015). Increasing human dominance of tropical forests. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6250), 827–832.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, M., Indra, A. K., Warot, X., Brocard, J., Messaddeq, N., Kato, S., et al. (2000). Skin abnormalities generated by temporally controlled RXRalpha mutations in mouse epidermis. Nature, 407(6804), 633–636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle, W. (2009). Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dhawan, N., Fink, E., Leinius, J., & Mageza-Barthel, R. (Eds.). (2016). Negotiating Normativity. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, Y., Liu, J., Hu, Q. M., Chen, Z. J., Du, X. H., & Heng, P. A. (2010). Improving an SVM-based Liver Segmentation Strategy by the F-score Feature Selection Method. In O. Dössel & W. C. Schlegel (Eds.), World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/4 Image Processing, Biosignal Processing, Modelling and Simulation, Biomechanics (pp. 13–16). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, October 19). New Study Claims That Life On Mars Is A Serious Possibility. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Public Transportation: Future Demand Is Likely for New Starts and Small Starts Programs, but Improvements Needed to the Small Starts Application Process (No. GAO-07-917). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ko, T.-C. T. (2008). The ALISA delta(CRC) classifier for natural surfaces: Viewpoint-invariant and illumination-invariant classification of natural surfaces using general-purpose color and texture features with the ALISA delta(CRC) classifier (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, January 19). Film Series. New York Times, p. C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scott 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Natland 2007; Scott 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Natland 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education
ISSN (print)2198-9745
ISSN (online)2198-9753

Other styles