How to format your references using the International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vernes, S. C. (2014). Genome wide identification of fruitless targets suggests a role in upregulating genes important for neural circuit formation. Scientific reports, 4, 4412.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gombosi, T. I., & Ingersoll, A. P. (2010). Saturn: atmosphere, ionosphere, and magnetosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5972), 1476–1479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Råberg, L., Sim, D., & Read, A. F. (2007). Disentangling genetic variation for resistance and tolerance to infectious diseases in animals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5851), 812–814.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Johnson, J. B., Lees, J. M., Gerst, A., Sahagian, D., & Varley, N. (2008). Long-period earthquakes and co-eruptive dome inflation seen with particle image velocimetry. Nature, 456(7220), 377–381.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daïan, J.-F. (2014). Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 2. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ashraf, M., Ozturk, M., & Athar, H. R. (Eds.). (2009). Salinity and Water Stress: Improving Crop Efficiency (Vol. 44). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas, L. (2016). Data as Constant Becomings. In A. B. Reinertsen (Ed.), Becoming Earth: A Post Human Turn in Educational Discourse Collapsing Nature/Culture Divides (pp. 41–51). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, June 1). “Molecular Black Hole” Produced By World’s Most Powerful Laser. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Health Information Technology: CMS Took Steps to Improve Its Beneficiary Eligibility Verification System (No. GAO-12-973). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ackerman, G. L. (2009). Information technology in the K–12 classroom: Curriculum and instruction reflecting emerging capacity and paradigms (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2011, December 30). Disputed Voting Turns Church, A Kremlin Ally, Into Its Critic. New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vernes 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gombosi and Ingersoll 2010; Vernes 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gombosi and Ingersoll 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Research in Undergraduate Mathematics Education
ISSN (print)2198-9745
ISSN (online)2198-9753

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