How to format your references using the Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polak T. Help others--and help your career. Science. 2015 Oct 9;350(6257):246.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cermeño P, Falkowski PG. Controls on diatom biogeography in the ocean. Science. 2009 Sep 18;325(5947):1539–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lambert JB, Gurusamy-Thangavelu SA, Ma K. The silicate-mediated formose reaction: bottom-up synthesis of sugar silicates. Science. 2010 Feb 19;327(5968):984–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Könneke M, Bernhard AE, de la Torre JR, Walker CB, Waterbury JB, Stahl DA. Isolation of an autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing marine archaeon. Nature. 2005 Sep 22;437(7058):543–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens HSLC. Performance Based Building Design 2. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Schaller A, editor. Induced Plant Resistance to Herbivory. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. XV, 462 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Seredynski M, Ignac T, Bouvry P. Probabilistic Packet Relaying in Wireless Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. In: Wyrzykowski R, Dongarra J, Karczewski K, Wasniewski J, editors. Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics: 8th International Conference, PPAM 2009, Wroclaw, Poland, September 13-16, 2009 Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 31–40. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening.

Blog post
Andrew E. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014. Two-Headed Dolphin Washes Up On Turkish Beach.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. BPA Management of ADP Systems Development Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 May. Report No.: B-115369.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corbets JB. Evaluating System Architecture Quality and Architecting Team Performance Using Information Quality Theory [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reisner N, Fink S, Yee V. 8 Die After Power Fails at Care Center in Florida. New York Times. 2017 Sep 13;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleTidsskrift for Den norske legeforening
AbbreviationTidsskr. Nor. Laegeforen.
ISSN (print)0029-2001
ISSN (online)0807-7096
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles