How to format your references using the Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zeilinger A. The quantum centennial. Nature. 2000 Dec 7;408(6813):639–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Walmsley IA, Raymer MG. Applied physics. Toward quantum-information processing with photons. Science. 2005 Mar 18;307(5716):1733–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rouse GW, Goffredi SK, Vrijenhoek RC. Osedax: bone-eating marine worms with dwarf males. Science. 2004 Jul 30;305(5684):668–71.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gandal MJ, Haney JR, Parikshak NN, Leppa V, Ramaswami G, Hartl C, et al. Shared molecular neuropathology across major psychiatric disorders parallels polygenic overlap. Science. 2018 Feb 9;359(6376):693–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Benatar D. The Second Sexism. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Chung KC, editor. Clinical Management of the Rheumatoid Hand, Wrist, and Elbow. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XV, 330 p. 264 illus., 178 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zipser MC, Dummer R. Epidemiology of Histocytoses. In: Dummer R, Pittelkow MR, Iwatsuki K, Green A, Elwan NM, editors. Skin Cancer - A World-Wide Perspective. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 33–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. New Layer of Rock Discovered in Earth’s Mantle [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/insanely-stiff-layer-rock-discovered-earths-mantle/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Weather Forecasting: Radars Far Superior to Predecessors, but Location and Availability Questions Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Oct. Report No.: T-AIMD-96-2.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gage JD. An inconsistency-based approach for sensing assessment in unknown environments [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. SUPREME COURT TO HEAR DISPUTE ON REDISTRICTING. New York Times. 2005 Dec 13;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleTidsskrift for Den norske legeforening
AbbreviationTidsskr. Nor. Laegeforen.
ISSN (print)0029-2001
ISSN (online)0807-7096
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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