How to format your references using the Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Haszeldine RS. Carbon capture and storage: how green can black be? Science 2009;325:1647–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Safinya CR, Li Y. Materials science. Bundling with x-rays. Science 2010;327:529–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Waghmare PR, Das S, Mitra SK. Under-water superoleophobic glass: unexplored role of the surfactant-rich solvent. Sci Rep 2013;3:1862.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Scholte E-J, Ng’habi K, Kihonda J, Takken W, Paaijmans K, Abdulla S, et al. An entomopathogenic fungus for control of adult African malaria mosquitoes. Science 2005;308:1641–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ho RJY, Gibaldi M. Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2003.
An edited book
[1]
Anne Bollwerk E, Tushingham S, editors. Perspectives on the Archaeology of Pipes, Tobacco and other Smoke Plants in the Ancient Americas. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Franzon P. Use of AC Coupled Interconnect in Contactless Packaging. In: Ho R, Drost R, editors. Coupled Data Communication Techniques for High-Performance and Low-Power Computing, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010, p. 127–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Brain Cells Break Their Own DNA to Allow Memories to Form. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/brain-cells-break-their-own-dna-allow-memories-form/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aircraft Certification: New FAA Approach Needed to Meet Challenges of Advanced Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Do YK. Effects of informal care on caregivers’ labor market outcomes and health in South Korea. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. It Could Be Sharks Versus Sharks In This Rumble on the Waterfront. New York Times 2003:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering
AbbreviationEngineering (Beijing)
ISSN (print)2095-8099
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Computer Science
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
General Engineering
Environmental Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)

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