How to format your references using the Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Seife C. PHYSICS: Will NIF Live Up to Its Name? Science 2000;289:1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Moreno NP, Erdmann DB. SPORE: Science Prize for Online Resources in Education. Addressing science teacher needs. Science 2010;327:1589–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Taylor DM, Tillery SIH, Schwartz AB. Direct cortical control of 3D neuroprosthetic devices. Science 2002;296:1829–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Bernhard JM, Buck KR, Farmer MA, Bowser SS. The Santa Barbara Basin is a symbiosis oasis. Nature 2000;403:77–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Benslama M, Kiamouche W, Batatia H. Connections Management Strategies in Satellite Cellular Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Münster S, Pfarr-Harfst M, Kuroczyński P, Ioannides M, editors. 3D Research Challenges in Cultural Heritage II: How to Manage Data and Knowledge Related to Interpretative Digital 3D Reconstructions of Cultural Heritage. vol. 10025. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Nesterenko MV, Katrich VA, Penkin YM, Dakhov VM, Berdnik SL. Generalized Method of Induced EMF for Investigation of the Characteristics of Impedance Vibrators. In: Katrich VA, Penkin YM, Dakhov VM, Berdnik SL, editors. Thin Impedance Vibrators: Theory and Applications, New York, NY: Springer; 2011, p. 113–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Why Do Europeans Have White Skin? IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/white-skin-and-lactose-tolerance-recent-adaptations/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aircraft Certification: Limited Progress on Developing International Design Standards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Chalmers TD. The social context of advertising: Authenticity, social identity, and reflected appraisals. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times 2017:C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering
AbbreviationEngineering (Beijing)
ISSN (print)2095-8099
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Computer Science
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
General Engineering
Environmental Engineering
Materials Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles