How to format your references using the Thyroid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thyroid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sheng P 2006 Applied physics. Waves on the horizon. Science 313:1399–1400.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li J, Nam KH 2002 Regulation of brassinosteroid signaling by a GSK3/SHAGGY-like kinase. Science 295:1299–1301.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lishko PV, Botchkina IL, Kirichok Y 2011 Progesterone activates the principal Ca2+ channel of human sperm. Nature 471:387–391.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Juarez MT, Kui JS, Thomas J, et al. 2004 microRNA-mediated repression of rolled leaf1 specifies maize leaf polarity. Nature 428:84–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moe TM, Chubb JE 2009 Liberating Learning. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
2015 Decolonizing “Multicultural” Counseling through Social Justice. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Schroeder D, Rerimassie V 2015 Science and Technology Governance and European Values. In: Ladikas, M, Chaturvedi, S, Zhao, Y, et al. (eds) Science and Technology Governance and Ethics: A Global Perspective from Europe, India and China. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 53–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thyroid.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Experimental Ebola Treatment Produced In Genetically Modified Plants. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2004 Aviation Security: Preliminary Observations on TSA’s Progress to Allow Airports to Use Private Passenger and Baggage Screening Services. GAO-05-126. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munchel BF 2015 Exploratory Study of Counseling Professionals’ Attitudes Toward Distance Clinical Supervision. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S 1993 Be of Good Fear. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThyroid
ISSN (print)1050-7256
ISSN (online)1557-9077
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles