How to format your references using the Thyroid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thyroid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flannery T 2001 Geology. North American devastation or global cataclysm? Science 294:1668–1669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirchner JW, Weil A 2000 Delayed biological recovery from extinctions throughout the fossil record. Nature 404:177–180.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deleault NR, Lucassen RW, Supattapone S 2003 RNA molecules stimulate prion protein conversion. Nature 425:717–720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Okubo Y, Mera T, Wang L, et al. 2013 Homogeneous expansion of human T-regulatory cells via tumor necrosis factor receptor 2. Sci Rep 3:3153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertolo D 2016 Interactions on Digital Tablets in the Context of 3D Geometry Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
2013 Enabling Responsible Living. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Demuijnck G 2005 Poverty as a Human Rights Violation and the Limits of Nationalism. In: Follesdal, A, Pogge, T (eds) Real World Justice: Grounds, Principles, Human Rights, and Social Institutions. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thyroid.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Air Pollution May Be Damaging Children’s Brains – Before They Are Even Born. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1972 Drug Abuse Control Program Activities in Okinawa. B-164031(2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nuñez EM 2017 Getting H.I.P. with First-Generation College Students: Decolonizing the High Impact Practice Movement. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L 2008 Students Help Track Black Squirrels. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThyroid
ISSN (print)1050-7256
ISSN (online)1557-9077
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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