How to format your references using the Thyroid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thyroid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloodworth A 2014 Resources: Track flows to manage technology-metal supply. Nature 505:19–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sunami A, Kurokawa K 2009 Recession Watch: No time for nationalism. Nature 457:960–961.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexander RB, Smith RA, Schwarz GE 2000 Effect of stream channel size on the delivery of nitrogen to the Gulf of Mexico. Nature 403:758–761.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blanchon P, Granados-Corea M, Abbey E, et al. 2014 Postglacial fringing-reef to barrier-reef conversion on Tahiti links Darwin’s reef types. Sci Rep 4:4997.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunnivant FM, Anders E 2005 A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transport. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
2014 Academic Migration, Discipline Knowledge and Pedagogical Practice: Voices from the Asia-Pacific. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Macleod AM 2008 Coercion, Justice, and Democracy. In: Reidy, DA, Riker, WJ (eds) Coercion and the State. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 63–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thyroid.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2016 Incredible New Map Of Mercury Revealed. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1980 Increased Use of Expanded Function Dental Auxiliaries Would Benefit Consumers, Dentists, and Taxpayers. HRD-80-51. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seidel JG 2015 Adolescent female stress management curriculum. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Antilla S 2015 Fund Settlement. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThyroid
ISSN (print)1050-7256
ISSN (online)1557-9077
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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