How to format your references using the Thyroid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thyroid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hirsch JE 2002 Superconductivity. The true colors of cuprates. Science 295:2226–2227.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cochella L, Green R 2005 An active role for tRNA in decoding beyond codon:anticodon pairing. Science 308:1178–1180.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hiroi T, Zolensky ME, Pieters CM 2001 The Tagish Lake meteorite: a possible sample from a D-type asteroid. Science 293:2234–2236.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Choi J-H, Li Z, Cui P, Fan X, Zhang H, Zeng C, Zhang Z 2013 Drastic reduction in the growth temperature of graphene on copper via enhanced London dispersion force. Sci Rep 3:1925.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chu PP 2008 FPGA Prototyping by Verilog Examples. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1.
2014 Efficient Algorithms for Global Optimization Methods in Computer Vision: International Dagstuhl Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, November 20-25, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Xia F, Kong X, Xu Z 2011 Cyber-Physical Control Over Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks with Packet Loss. In: Mazumder, SK (ed) Wireless Networking Based Control. Springer, New York, NY, pp 85–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thyroid.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E 2014 Earth-Sized Exoplanet In Habitable Zone Announcement Close. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/space/earth-sized-exoplanet-habitable-zone-announcement-close/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office 2006 No Child Left Behind Act: Assistance from Education Could Help States Better Measure Progress of Students with Limited English Proficiency (Spanish Language Highlights). GAO-06-1111. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Poyaoan-Linzaga MR 2014 The effects of patient communication in early intervention for falls among the Medicare patients. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J 2017 The Inexhaustible Four. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThyroid
AbbreviationThyroid
ISSN (print)1050-7256
ISSN (online)1557-9077
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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