How to format your references using the Thyroid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thyroid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Currey JD 2005 Materials science. Hierarchies in biomineral structures. Science 309:253–254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patel AG, Kaufmann SH 2010 Cancer. Targeting bacteria to improve cancer therapy. Science 330:766–767.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berger AH, Knudson AG, Pandolfi PP 2011 A continuum model for tumour suppression. Nature 476:163–169.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thiele A, Henning P, Kubischik M, et al. 2002 Neural mechanisms of saccadic suppression. Science 295:2460–2462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castle D, Cline C, Daar AS, et al. 2006 Science, Society, and the Supermarket. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
2009 Bioterrorism and Infectious Agents: A New Dilemma for the 21st Century. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Lawson RS 2013 Gamma Camera SPECT. In: Jones, DW, Hogg, P, Seeram, E (eds) Practical SPECT/CT in Nuclear Medicine. Springer, London, pp 47–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thyroid.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Where Might We Find Life In the Solar System? IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990 Information Resources: Problems Persist in Justice’s ADP Management and Operations. IMTEC-91-4. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanghvi AM 2009 Characterization of algal biomeal for applications in food. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2007 Justices Take Up Police Use of Lethal Force. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThyroid
ISSN (print)1050-7256
ISSN (online)1557-9077
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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