How to format your references using the Theriogenology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Theriogenology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Koen D. Nuts and bolts. Nature 2003;425:644.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Chinsamy A, Elzanowski A. Bone histology. Evolution of growth pattern in birds. Nature 2001;412:402–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Loewe L, Textor V, Scherer S. High deleterious genomic mutation rate in stationary phase of Escherichia coli. Science 2003;302:1558–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Huelsenbeck JP, Ronquist F, Nielsen R, Bollback JP. Bayesian inference of phylogeny and its impact on evolutionary biology. Science 2001;294:2310–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Alhabeeb MJ. Mathematical Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Alpay D. Basics of Functional Analysis with Bicomplex Scalars, and Bicomplex Schur Analysis. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Tashjian RZ. Rotator Cuff Tear in Athletes: Part I. Pathophysiology. In: Park J-Y, editor. Sports Injuries to the Shoulder and Elbow, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 51–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Theriogenology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. What Do Sugar And Climate Change Have In Common? Misplaced Scepticism Of The Science. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/what-do-sugar-and-climate-change-have-in-common-misplaced-scepticism-of-the-science/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Drug Education: School-Based Programs Seen as Useful but Impact Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Valadez I. A psycho-education peer support group for homeless youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. On Coaching Go-Round, It’s Hop On, And Hold On. New York Times 2010:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTheriogenology
AbbreviationTheriogenology
ISSN (print)0093-691X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Equine
Food Animals
Small Animals

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