How to format your references using the Annual Review of Virology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Virology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Solis M. 2014. Prevention: Before the break. Nature. 508(7494):S12-3
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Paszek M, Weaver V. 2010. Biophysics. Enforcing order on signaling. Science. 327(5971):1335–36
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ochman H, Lawrence JG, Groisman EA. 2000. Lateral gene transfer and the nature of bacterial innovation. Nature. 405(6784):299–304
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lando D, Peet DJ, Whelan DA, Gorman JJ, Whitelaw ML. 2002. Asparagine hydroxylation of the HIF transactivation domain a hypoxic switch. Science. 295(5556):858–61

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hopp V. 2000. Grundlagen der Life Sciences. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
1.
Bajd T. 2013. Introduction to Robotics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. VII, 83 p. 42 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Senani R, Bhaskar DR, Singh AK, Singh VK. 2013. Design of Filters Using CFOAs. In Current Feedback Operational Amplifiers and Their Applications, ed DR Bhaskar, AK Singh, VK Singh, pp. 81–130. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Virology.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. 2016. A Moderate Solar Storm Is Hitting Earth As We Speak. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/a-moderate-solar-storm-is-hitting-earth-as-we-speak/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 1995. International Aviation: Airline Alliances Produce Benefits, but Effect on Competition Is Uncertain. RCED-95-99, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mustico JP. 2010. Perception and preference comparison of managers’ behaviors on sales and non -sales employees: A case study. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
St. John Kelly E. 1997. One of Newest Take-at-Home Tests: I.Q. New York Times, Jan. 22, p. B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Virology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Virol.
ISSN (print)2327-056X
ISSN (online)2327-0578
ScopeVirology

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