How to format your references using the The Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linnarsson, S., 2015. NEUROSCIENCE. A tree of the human brain. Science 350, 37.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elena, S.F., Sanjuán, R., 2003. Evolution. Climb every mountain? Science 302, 2074–2075.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller, J.R., Outlaw, R.A., Holloway, B.C., 2010. Graphene double-layer capacitor with ac line-filtering performance. Science 329, 1637–1639.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Torres-Larios, A., Swinger, K.K., Krasilnikov, A.S., Pan, T., Mondragón, A., 2005. Crystal structure of the RNA component of bacterial ribonuclease P. Nature 437, 584–587.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva, F.S.C., Agustí-Cullell, J., 2005. Knowledge Coordination. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Klug, C., Korn, D., De Baets, K., Kruta, I., Mapes, R.H. (Eds.), 2015. Ammonoid Paleobiology: From anatomy to ecology, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Topics in Geobiology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Fukuda, H., 2012. Peptides Regulating Plant Vascular Development, in: Irving, H.R., Gehring, C. (Eds.), Plant Signaling Peptides, Signaling and Communication in Plants. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 59–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Starving Female Mantises Eat Males Without Having Sex First [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Research and Development: DOE Could Enhance the Project Selection Process for Government Oil and Natural Gas Research (No. GAO-09-186). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De los Santos, E., 2014. Increasing the psychological well-being of undocumented Latino youth students in California: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES, 2017. Fire Escapes. New York Times RE15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Linnarsson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Elena and Sanjuán, 2003; Linnarsson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elena and Sanjuán, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Torres-Larios et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationVet. J.
ISSN (print)1090-0233
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Veterinary

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