How to format your references using the Journal of Young Pharmacists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Young Pharmacists. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gwynne P. Diagnostics: The new risk predictors. Nature. 2013;493(7434):S7-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sheppard SS, Trujillo CA. A thick cloud of Neptune Trojans and their colors. Science. 2006;313(5786):511-514.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mustard JF, Cooper CD, Rifkin MK. Evidence for recent climate change on Mars from the identification of youthful near-surface ground ice. Nature. 2001;412(6845):411-414.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Schwab JM, Chiang N, Arita M, Serhan CN. Resolvin E1 and protectin D1 activate inflammation-resolution programmes. Nature. 2007;447(7146):869-874.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Otto M. Chemometrics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Faure C, Di Lorenzo C, Thapar N, eds. Pediatric Neurogastroenterology: Gastrointestinal Motility and Functional Disorders in Children. Humana Press; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Malek SK, Tullius SG. Surgical Management of the Renal Transplant Recipient. In: Chandraker A, Sayegh MH, Singh AK, eds. Core Concepts in Renal Transplantation. Springer US; 2012:85-96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Young Pharmacists.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Ancient Computer Found In Roman Shipwreck. IFLScience. Published September 16, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/new-shipwreck-expedition-may-unlock-secrets-worlds-oldest-computer/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration’s Advanced Automation System Investment. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cox DC. A measurement of the neutral current neutrino-nucleon elastic cross section at MiniBooNE. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B. Murray Pounces After del Potro’s First-Set Stumble. New York Times. June 3, 2017:SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Young Pharmacists
AbbreviationJ. Young Pharm.
ISSN (print)0975-1483
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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