How to format your references using the Journal of Young Pharmacists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Young Pharmacists. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sales BC. Thermoelectric materials. Smaller is cooler. Science. 2002;295(5558):1248-1249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore DE, Rymer MJ. Talc-bearing serpentinite and the creeping section of the San Andreas fault. Nature. 2007;448(7155):795-797.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brook BW, Sodhi NS, Ng PKL. Catastrophic extinctions follow deforestation in Singapore. Nature. 2003;424(6947):420-426.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sekikawa T, Kosuge A, Kanai T, Watanabe S. Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet. Nature. 2004;432(7017):605-608.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sóbester A, Forrester AIJ. Aircraft Aerodynamic Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Lindler LE, Lebeda FJ, Korch GW, eds. Biological Weapons Defense: Infectious Diseases and Counterbioterrorism. Humana Press; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Tian J, Chen J, Chen G, Wu P, Zhang H, Zhao Y. The Concept and Research Progress of MAS. In: Chen J, Chen G, Wu P, Zhang H, Zhao Y, eds. Genetic Analyses of Wheat and Molecular Marker-Assisted Breeding, Volume 2: Conditional QTL Analysis and MAS. Springer Netherlands; 2015:179-185.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Young Pharmacists.

Blog post
Andrew D. 7 Psychological Phrases To Know If You’re Dating A Narcissist. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Missile Development: Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) Certification Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang T. Trajectory Similarity Based Prediction for Remaining Useful Life Estimation. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz M, Rashbaum WK. Accused of Spying, a New York City Correction Official Is Removed. New York Times. May 8, 2017:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Young Pharmacists
AbbreviationJ. Young Pharm.
ISSN (print)0975-1483
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles