How to format your references using the Journal of Young Pharmacists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Young Pharmacists. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Radom L. Obituary: John A. Pople (1925-2004). Nature. 2004;428(6985):816.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zimmerman AW, Connors SL. Neuroscience. Could autism be treated prenatally? Science. 2014;343(6171):620-621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Padhi AK, Jayaram B, Gomes J. Prediction of functional loss of human angiogenin mutants associated with ALS by molecular dynamics simulations. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1225.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lemarchand D, Gaillardet J, Lewin E, Allègre CJ. The influence of rivers on marine boron isotopes and implications for reconstructing past ocean pH. Nature. 2000;408(6815):951-954.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans PW. Top Hat. Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Frey UJ, Störmer C, Willführ KP, eds. Homo Novus – A Human Without Illusions. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang K, Wen Z, Du B, Song G. A Multiple-Indicators Approach to Monitoring Urban Sustainable Development. In: Carreiro MM, Song YC, Wu J, eds. Ecology, Planning, and Management of Urban Forests: International Perspectives. Springer; 2008:35-52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Young Pharmacists.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. NASA Has A Huge Announcement To Make - Here’s How You Can Watch Live. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldstein J. Murder in Colonial Albany: European and Indian Responses to Cross-Cultural Murders. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory Mankiw N, Summers LH. Uniting Behind a Divisive Health Tax. New York Times. October 24, 2015:BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Young Pharmacists
AbbreviationJ. Young Pharm.
ISSN (print)0975-1483
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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