How to format your references using the Journal of Young Pharmacists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Young Pharmacists. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hasselbrink E. Chemistry. Capturing the complexities of molecule-surface interactions. Science. 2009;326(5954):809-810.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siliciano JD, Siliciano RF. AIDS/HIV. Rekindled HIV infection. Science. 2014;345(6200):1005-1006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nandal P, Ravella SR, Kuhad RC. Laccase production by Coriolopsis caperata RCK2011: optimization under solid state fermentation by Taguchi DOE methodology. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1386.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tomasello MV, Perra N, Tessone CJ, Karsai M, Schweitzer F. The role of endogenous and exogenous mechanisms in the formation of R&D networks. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hey E. Neonatal Formulary 6. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Chen G-N. Granite Genesis: In Situ Melting and Crustal Evolution. (Grapes R, ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Li Z, Li X. Quantification of Spike-LFP Synchronization. In: Li X, ed. Signal Processing in Neuroscience. Singapore: Springer; 2016:57-75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Young Pharmacists.

Blog post
Andrews R. Millions Of Penguins Are About To Be Smothered By A Volcanic Eruption. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. VA Education Benefits: Actions Taken, but Outreach and Oversight Could Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers RE. Moderating the effectiveness of messages to promote physical activity in type 2 diabetes. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Baked Treats of Portugal. New York Times. February 21, 2010:NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Young Pharmacists
AbbreviationJ. Young Pharm.
ISSN (print)0975-1483
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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