How to format your references using the The Seventeenth Century citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Seventeenth Century. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kociak, Mathieu. “Microscopy: Quantum Control of Free Electrons.” Nature 521, no. 7551 (May 14, 2015): 166–67.
A journal article with 2 authors
Todd, J. Jay, and René Marois. “Capacity Limit of Visual Short-Term Memory in Human Posterior Parietal Cortex.” Nature 428, no. 6984 (April 15, 2004): 751–54.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lawrence, Kira T., Zhonghui Liu, and Timothy D. Herbert. “Evolution of the Eastern Tropical Pacific through Plio-Pleistocene Glaciation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312, no. 5770 (April 7, 2006): 79–83.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Deb, S. K., M. Wilding, M. Somayazulu, and P. F. McMillan. “Pressure-Induced Amorphization and an Amorphous-Amorphous Transition in Densified Porous Silicon.” Nature 414, no. 6863 (November 29, 2001): 528–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bma. Everyday Medical Ethics and Law. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Eckermann, Elizabeth, ed. Gender, Lifespan and Quality of Life: An International Perspective. Vol. 53. Social Indicators Research Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Mángano, M. Gabriela, Luis A. Buatois, Mark Wilson, and Mary Droser. “The Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event.” In The Trace-Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events: Volume 1: Precambrian and Paleozoic, edited by M. Gabriela Mángano and Luis A. Buatois, 127–56. Topics in Geobiology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Seventeenth Century.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. “Tiny Drone Can Autonomously Paint Dot Murals.” IFLScience. IFLScience, August 10, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Aviation Competition: Information on the Department of Transportation’s Proposed Policy.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, July 29, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kannanthanathu, Amal Francis. “Wavelet Transform and Ensemble Logistic Regression for Driver Drowsiness Detection.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. “Going After Big Prey.” New York Times, July 19, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Seventeenth Century
AbbreviationSeventeenth Century
ISSN (print)0268-117X
ISSN (online)2050-4616
Cultural Studies

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