How to format your references using the The Seventeenth Century citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Seventeenth Century. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Broz, Petr. “Immunology: Caspase Target Drives Pyroptosis.” Nature 526, no. 7575 (October 29, 2015): 642–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ito, Takuhiro, and Shigeyuki Yokoyama. “Two Enzymes Bound to One Transfer RNA Assume Alternative Conformations for Consecutive Reactions.” Nature 467, no. 7315 (September 30, 2010): 612–16.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doeller, Christian F., Caswell Barry, and Neil Burgess. “Evidence for Grid Cells in a Human Memory Network.” Nature 463, no. 7281 (February 4, 2010): 657–61.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhao, Fangchen, David J. Bottjer, Shixue Hu, Zongjun Yin, and Maoyan Zhu. “Complexity and Diversity of Eyes in Early Cambrian Ecosystems.” Scientific Reports 3 (September 25, 2013): 2751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrington, Peter J. Pharmaceutical Process Chemistry for Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Blandina, Patrizio, and Maria Beatrice Passani, eds. Histamine Receptors: Preclinical and Clinical Aspects. Vol. 28. The Receptors. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Dulli, Susi, Sara Furini, and Edmondo Peron. “Cluster Analysis.” In Data Mining: Metodi e Strategie, edited by Sara Furini and Edmondo Peron, 45–62. UNITEXT. Milano: Springer, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Seventeenth Century.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. “Interactive 3D Atlas Shows Human Embryo Development In Amazing Detail.” IFLScience. IFLScience, November 25, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Telecommunications: Information on Low Power Television, FCC’s Spectrum Incentive Auction, and Unlicensed Spectrum Use.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, December 5, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, Jason Daniel. “Parental Attachment Style: Links with Parent and Adolescent Perceptions of Parenting and Observed Secure Base Behaviors.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MERCED, Michael J. de la. “Looking to Bulk Up Sprint, SoftBank Is Casting an Eye on Charter.” New York Times, August 7, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Seventeenth Century
AbbreviationSeventeenth Century
ISSN (print)0268-117X
ISSN (online)2050-4616
Cultural Studies

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