How to format your references using the The Seventeenth Century citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Seventeenth Century. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weaver, Harold A. “Not a Rubble Pile?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304, no. 5678 (June 18, 2004): 1760–62.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michaelis, Susan, and Christine A. Hrycyna. “Biochemistry. A Protease for the Ages.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339, no. 6127 (March 29, 2013): 1529–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Zhijian, Bin Xu, and Hai-Jun Zhou. “Social Cycling and Conditional Responses in the Rock-Paper-Scissors Game.” Scientific Reports 4 (July 25, 2014): 5830.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Berriman, A. C., D. J. Hinde, M. Dasgupta, C. R. Morton, R. D. Butt, and J. O. Newton. “Unexpected Inhibition of Fusion in Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions.” Nature 413, no. 6852 (September 13, 2001): 144–47.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooke, Roger. Classical Algebra: Its Nature, Origins, and Uses. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007.
An edited book
Robila, Mihaela, ed. Handbook of Family Policies Across the Globe. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Feller, David, Kirk A. Peterson, and Branko Ruscic. “Improved Accuracy Benchmarks of Small Molecules Using Correlation Consistent Basis Sets.” In Thom H. Dunning, Jr: A Festschrift from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts, edited by Angela K. Wilson, Kirk A. Peterson, and David E. Woon, 31–46. Highlights in Theoretical Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Seventeenth Century.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. “We’ve Calculated The Environmental Cost Of A Loaf Of Bread – And What to Do About It.” IFLScience. IFLScience, March 9, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Telecommunications: Actions Needed for Better Management of Public Safety Spectrum.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, July 8, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brandom, Brooke M. “Spiritual and Emotional Needs of Young Adults Who Are Members of Mainstream Protestant Churches.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bennhold, Katrin. “For First Time Since 1800s, Britain Goes a Day Without Burning Coal for Electricity.” New York Times, April 21, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Seventeenth Century
AbbreviationSeventeenth Century
ISSN (print)0268-117X
ISSN (online)2050-4616
Cultural Studies

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