How to format your references using the The Seventeenth Century citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Seventeenth Century. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichstein, Markus. “Journal Club. A Biogeochemist Looks at Where All the Emitted Carbon Dioxide Is Going.” Nature 464, no. 7286 (March 11, 2010): 145.
A journal article with 2 authors
Demirdöven, Nurettin, and John Deutch. “Hybrid Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars Later.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305, no. 5686 (August 13, 2004): 974–76.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pierce, Stephanie E., Jennifer A. Clack, and John R. Hutchinson. “Three-Dimensional Limb Joint Mobility in the Early Tetrapod Ichthyostega.” Nature 486, no. 7404 (June 28, 2012): 523–26.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Murata, Shigeo, Katsuhiro Sasaki, Toshihiko Kishimoto, Shin-Ichiro Niwa, Hidemi Hayashi, Yousuke Takahama, and Keiji Tanaka. “Regulation of CD8+ T Cell Development by Thymus-Specific Proteasomes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316, no. 5829 (June 1, 2007): 1349–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weiss, Joachim. Handbook of Ion Chromatography. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2016.
An edited book
Kell, Marilyn. Literacy and Language in East Asia: Shifting Meanings, Values and Approaches. Edited by Peter Kell. Vol. 24. Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects. Singapore: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Lastovetsky, Alexey. “Model-Based Optimization of MPI Collective Operations for Computational Clusters.” In Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 16th European PVM/MPI Users’ Group Meeting, Espoo, Finland, September 7-10, 2009. Proceedings, edited by Matti Ropo, Jan Westerholm, and Jack Dongarra, 4–5. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Seventeenth Century.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Why Does Hodor In Game Of Thrones Only Say One Word? Neuroscience Explains.” IFLScience. IFLScience, April 9, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Aviation Security: TSA Has Made Progress, but Additional Efforts Are Needed to Improve Security.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 16, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hussmann, Stefanie. “Profiling Drilling Fluid Invasion in Sandstones Using Water Based Muds: Implications for Bridging and Wellbore Strengthening Effects.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. “Rookies Impressed in N.F.L.’s Week 1. Don’t Get Too Excited.” New York Times, September 11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Seventeenth Century
AbbreviationSeventeenth Century
ISSN (print)0268-117X
ISSN (online)2050-4616
Cultural Studies

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