How to format your references using the Analytical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Analytical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman, A. L. What the “Right to Be Forgotten” Means for Privacy in a Digital Age. Science 2015, 347 (6221), 507–508.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cermeño, P.; Falkowski, P. G. Controls on Diatom Biogeography in the Ocean. Science 2009, 325 (5947), 1539–1541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaib, N. A.; Raymond, S. N.; Duncan, M. Planetary System Disruption by Galactic Perturbations to Wide Binary Stars. Nature 2013, 493 (7432), 381–384.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Dogan, J.; Mu, X.; Engström, Å.; Jemth, P. The Transition State Structure for Coupled Binding and Folding of Disordered Protein Domains. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2076.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, P.; Körber, R.; Coppers, M. Sieben Und Siebmaschinen; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2003.
An edited book
Media Events: A Critical Contemporary Approach; Mitu, B., Poulakidakos, S., Eds.; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirao, T. Conclusions. In Functionalized Redox Systems: Synthetic Reactions and Design of π- and Bio-Conjugates; Hirao, T., Ed.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2015; pp 151–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Analytical Chemistry.

Blog post
Fang, J. Expanding Fireball from a Nova Explosion Spotted for the First Time (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: HUD’s Expenditure Plan Satisfied Statutory Conditions; Sustained Controls and Modernization Approach Needed; GAO-14-283; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fay, J. E. California Employer Perspectives on Older Working Adults Specific to the Affordable Care Act Health Insurance Mandate. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. Awaiting Execution, a Prophet Holds Forth. New York Times. September 27, 2016, p C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnalytical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnal. Chem.
ISSN (print)0003-2700
ISSN (online)1520-6882
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

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