How to format your references using the Analytical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Analytical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bockrath, M. W. Chemistry. A Single-Molecule Engine. Science 2012, 338 (6108), 754–755.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helffrich, G.; Kaneshima, S. Outer-Core Compositional Stratification from Observed Core Wave Speed Profiles. Nature 2010, 468 (7325), 807–810.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reber, M.; Burrola, P.; Lemke, G. A Relative Signalling Model for the Formation of a Topographic Neural Map. Nature 2004, 431 (7010), 847–853.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chin, J. K.; Miller, D. E.; Liu, Y.; Stan, C.; Setiawan, W.; Sanner, C.; Xu, K.; Ketterle, W. Evidence for Superfluidity of Ultracold Fermions in an Optical Lattice. Nature 2006, 443 (7114), 961–964.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kim, H.-G.; Moreau, N.; Sikora, T. MPEG-7 Audio and Beyond; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2010, Barcelona, Spain, September 20-24, 2010, Proceedings, Part I; Balcázar, J. L., Bonchi, F., Gionis, A., Sebag, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6321.
A chapter in an edited book
Walker, R. Design-Based Researchresearch Design-Based (DBR) : Reflections on Some Epistemological Issues and Practices. In Methodological Choice and Design: Scholarship, Policy and Practice in Social and Educational Research; Markauskaite, L., Freebody, P., Irwin, J., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; pp 51–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Analytical Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, D. What Causes Cramps?. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Use of Program Income by Evaluation, Dissemination, and Assessment Centers Supported by OBEMLA; HRD-82-63; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gurska, D. P. Peering Down the Bottomless Well: Myth in Thomas Mann’s Joseph Tetralogy. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. Boldly Saddling Up. New York Times. May 31, 2017, p BR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnalytical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnal. Chem.
ISSN (print)0003-2700
ISSN (online)1520-6882
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

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