How to format your references using the Analytical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Analytical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shanklin, J. Reflections on the Ozone Hole. Nature 2010, 465 (7294), 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smetacek, V.; Zingone, A. Green and Golden Seaweed Tides on the Rise. Nature 2013, 504 (7478), 84–88.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, B.; Chen, J.; Corlett, R. T. Factors Influencing Repeated Seed Movements by Scatter-Hoarding Rodents in an Alpine Forest. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4786.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lam, Y. A.; Lawson, T. G.; Velayutham, M.; Zweier, J. L.; Pickart, C. M. A Proteasomal ATPase Subunit Recognizes the Polyubiquitin Degradation Signal. Nature 2002, 416 (6882), 763–767.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdel-aleem, S. The Design and Management of Medical Device Clinical Trials; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Robotics Research: The 14th International Symposium ISRR; Pradalier, C., Siegwart, R., Hirzinger, G., Eds.; Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 70.
A chapter in an edited book
Syme, D.; Granicz, A.; Cisternino, A. Introducing Imperative Programming. In Expert F#; Granicz, A., Cisternino, A., Eds.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2007; pp 69–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Analytical Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Scientists Discover How To “Switch Off” Hunger (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Chapter 1 Accountability: Greater Focus on Program Goals Needed; HRD-93-69; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Youngbull, N. R. The (Un)Success of American Indian Gates Millennium Scholars Within Institutions of Higher Education. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Carlson, L. Come Committed or Stay on the Couch. New York Times. February 21, 2010, p MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnalytical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnal. Chem.
ISSN (print)0003-2700
ISSN (online)1520-6882
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

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