How to format your references using the Analytical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Analytical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moczek, A. P. Evolutionary Biology: The Origins of Novelty. Nature 2011, 473 (7345), 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keeling, R. F.; Visbeck, M. Palaeoceanography. Antarctic Stratification and Glacial CO2. Nature 2001, 412 (6847), 605–606.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, L.; Leid, M.; Rothenberg, E. V. An Early T Cell Lineage Commitment Checkpoint Dependent on the Transcription Factor Bcl11b. Science 2010, 329 (5987), 89–93.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fang, A. F.; Xu, G.; Dong, T.; Zheng, P.; Wang, N. L. Structural Phase Transition in IrTe₂: A Combined Study of Optical Spectroscopy and Band Structure Calculations. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carver, R. H.; Tai, K.-C. Modern Multithreading; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Gynecological and Breast Cytopathology Board Review and Self-Assessment; Khalbuss, W. E., Means, M., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Fijak, M.; Bhushan, S.; Meinhardt, A. The Immune Privilege of the Testis. In Immune Infertility: The Impact of Immune Reactions on Human Infertility; Krause, W. K. H., Naz, R. K., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp 69–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Analytical Chemistry.

Blog post
Davis, J. New “Hog-Nosed” Rat Discovered In Indonesia. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medical Residents: Options Exist to Make Student Loan Payments Manageable; HRD-92-21; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, C. S. Electronic Transport of Thin Crystals in Ruthenium Chloride. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. Russian Writer, Facing Charges, Warns Free Expression Is at Risk. New York Times. July 16, 2002, p A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnalytical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnal. Chem.
ISSN (print)0003-2700
ISSN (online)1520-6882
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

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