How to format your references using the Clinical Epigenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Epigenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mac Low M-M. From gas to stars over cosmic time. Science. 2013;340:1229229.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fuller MT, Spradling AC. Male and female Drosophila germline stem cells: two versions of immortality. Science. 2007;316:402–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ye F, Burns MJ, Naughton MJ. Structured metal thin film as an asymmetric color filter: the forward and reverse plasmonic halos. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7267.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zilberman D, Coleman-Derr D, Ballinger T, Henikoff S. Histone H2A.Z and DNA methylation are mutually antagonistic chromatin marks. Nature. 2008;456:125–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Mullaney MD. The Complete Guide to Option Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Löffler J, Klann M, editors. Mobile Response: Second International Workshop on Mobile Information Technology for Emergency Response, MobileResponse 2008. Bonn, Germany, May 29-30, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Miller A. Californium-252 as a Neutron Source for BNCT. In: Sauerwein W, Wittig A, Moss R, Nakagawa Y, editors. Neutron Capture Therapy: Principles and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 69–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Epigenetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Third Branch Added To Present-Day European Family Tree. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Uses of Minicomputers in the Federal Government: Trends, Benefits, and Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Apr. Report No.: FGMSD-75-53.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yudell M. Making race: Biology and the evolution of the race concept in 20th century American thought [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Qiu L. In Prime Time, a Rerun of the President’s Favorite Falsehoods. New York Times. 2017 Mar 16;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Epigenetics
AbbreviationClin. Epigenetics
ISSN (online)1868-7083
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Genetics
Molecular Biology
Genetics(clinical)

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