How to format your references using the Clinical Epigenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Epigenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Robinson A. A polymath’s dilemma. Nature. 2005;438:291.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schwartz MW, Porte D Jr. Diabetes, obesity, and the brain. Science. 2005;307:375–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bormashenko E, Musin A, Grynyov R. Scaling law governing the roughness of the swash edge line. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6243.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kim W, Zhu W, Hendricks GL, Van Tyne D, Steele AD, Keohane CE, et al. A new class of synthetic retinoid antibiotics effective against bacterial persisters. Nature. 2018;556:103–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Soustelle M. Thermodynamics of Surfaces and Capillary Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Hardiman O, Doherty CP, editors. Neurodegenerative Disorders: A Clinical Guide. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ghosh A, Corves B. Micromechanisms. In: Corves B, editor. Introduction to Micromechanisms and Microactuators. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 51–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Epigenetics.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. LG Display Unveils Incredible New Flexible Televisions [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/lg-display-unveil-new-flexible-technology/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Mar. Report No.: 129288.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bartenhagen J. Transitioning organizations for sustainability: Exploring the intersection of sustainability, worldview, and organization development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Lee L. Ducking In and Out. New York Times. 2009 Feb 22;ST4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Epigenetics
AbbreviationClin. Epigenetics
ISSN (online)1868-7083
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Genetics
Molecular Biology
Genetics(clinical)

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