How to format your references using the The Science of Nature citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Science of Nature. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D (2003) Quake triggers research expedition. Nature 423:673
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoorn C, Flantua S (2015) Geology. An early start for the Panama land bridge. Science 348:186–187
A journal article with 3 authors
Spurný P, Oberst J, Heinlein D (2003) Photographic observations of Neuschwanstein, a second meteorite from the orbit of the Príbram chondrite. Nature 423:151–153
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cox PM, Harris PP, Huntingford C, et al (2008) Increasing risk of Amazonian drought due to decreasing aerosol pollution. Nature 453:212–215

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ma AD, Roberts HR, Escobar MA (2012) Hemophilia and Hemostasis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Janas J, Kurasov P, Laptev A, Naboko S (eds) (2013) Operator Methods in Mathematical Physics: Conference on Operator Theory, Analysis and Mathematical Physics (OTAMP) 2010, Bedlewo, Poland. Springer, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Tiganis T (2016) The Role of TCPTP in Cancer. In: Neel BG, Tonks NK (eds) Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases in Cancer. Springer, New York, NY, pp 145–168

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Science of Nature.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) How The Vikings Used Sunstones To Find New Unknown Lands. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/how-the-vikings-used-sunstones-to-find-new-unknown-lands/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Small Businesses Are More Active as Inventors Than as Innovators in the Innovation Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pezzolesi MG (2008) Novel Mechanisms of PTEN Dysfunction in PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndromes. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2016) Here’s a Solution. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2003; Hoorn and Flantua 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoorn and Flantua 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Cox et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Science of Nature
AbbreviationSci. Nat.
ISSN (print)0028-1042
ISSN (online)1432-1904
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Medicine

Other styles