How to format your references using the The Saudi Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Saudi Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Surani, M.A., 2001. Reprogramming of genome function through epigenetic inheritance. Nature 414, 122–128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, M.E., Funk, C.C., 2008. Climate. Food security under climate change. Science 319, 580–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davidson, E.M., Frothingham, R., Cook-Deegan, R., 2007. Science and security. Practical experiences in dual-use review. Science 316, 1432–1433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sheng, H.W., Luo, W.K., Alamgir, F.M., Bai, J.M., Ma, E., 2006. Atomic packing and short-to-medium-range order in metallic glasses. Nature 439, 419–425.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chateigner, D., 2013. Combined Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dasalukunte, D., 2014. Faster than Nyquist Signaling: Algorithms to Silicon. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Allen, C.T., 2014. Integrated Pest Management in the Southern United States of America: Changing Technology and Infrastructure—Implications for the Future, in: Peshin, R., Pimentel, D. (Eds.), Integrated Pest Management: Experiences with Implementation, Global Overview, Vol.4. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 99–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Saudi Dental Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. UK Announces First Mission To The Moon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Vocational Education: Opportunity to Prepare for the Future (No. HRD-89-55). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M., 2013. Creating community in a dual immersion program: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cotter, H., 2017. A Chinatown Installation Aims to Provoke. New York Times C19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Surani, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Brown and Funk, 2008; Surani, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Funk, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sheng et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Saudi Dental Journal
AbbreviationSaudi Dent. J.
ISSN (print)1013-9052
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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