How to format your references using the The Review of Austrian Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Review of Austrian Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eldakar, O. T. (2009). Journal club. An evolutionary biologist learns how to be remembered: cheat someone. Nature, 460(7257), 783.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keller, G. B., & Hahnloser, R. H. R. (2009). Neural processing of auditory feedback during vocal practice in a songbird. Nature, 457(7226), 187–190.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gadalla, M. N., Abdel-Rahman, M., & Shamim, A. (2014). Design, optimization and fabrication of a 28.3 THz nano-rectenna for infrared detection and rectification. Scientific reports, 4, 4270.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Foerster, K., Coulson, T., Sheldon, B. C., Pemberton, J. M., Clutton-Brock, T. H., & Kruuk, L. E. B. (2007). Sexually antagonistic genetic variation for fitness in red deer. Nature, 447(7148), 1107–1110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jepsen, T. C. (2003). Distributed Storage Networks. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kusano, T., & Suzuki, H. (Eds.). (2015). Polyamines: A Universal Molecular Nexus for Growth, Survival, and Specialized Metabolism. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Lupu, M., Huang, J., & Zhu, J. (2011). Evaluation of Chemical Information Retrieval Tools. In M. Lupu, K. Mayer, J. Tait, & A. J. Trippe (Eds.), Current Challenges in Patent Information Retrieval (pp. 109–124). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Review of Austrian Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 12). Touch Is The Sense We Understand The Least – But Maybe Not For Much Longer. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Highway Infrastructure: FHWA’s Model for Estimating Highway Needs Is Generally Reasonable, Despite Limitations (No. RCED-00-133). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stroud, M. (2012). Solar desalination in the southwest United States: A thermoeconomic analysis utilizing the sun to desalt water in high irradiance regions (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, October 26). Wait Over, Indians Strike Quickly. New York Times, p. B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eldakar 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Eldakar 2009; Keller and Hahnloser 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keller and Hahnloser 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Foerster et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Review of Austrian Economics
AbbreviationRev. Austrian Econ.
ISSN (print)0889-3047
ISSN (online)1573-7128
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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