How to format your references using the The Vaccine Companion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Vaccine Companion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Reik W. Stability and flexibility of epigenetic gene regulation in mammalian development. Nature 2007;447:425–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Cowan CR, Hyman AA. Centrosomes direct cell polarity independently of microtubule assembly in C. elegans embryos. Nature 2004;431:92–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Prospero JM, Bullard JE, Hodgkins R. High-latitude dust over the North Atlantic: inputs from Icelandic proglacial dust storms. Science 2012;335:1078–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gierasch PJ, Ingersoll AP, Banfield D, Ewald SP, Helfenstein P, Simon-Miller A, et al. Observation of moist convection in Jupiter’s atmosphere. Galileo Imaging Team. Nature 2000;403:628–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Abu-Jamous B, Fa R, Nandi AK. Integrative Cluster Analysis in Bioinformatics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Romeo T, editor. Bacterial Biofilms. vol. 322. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jensen K, Lyons M, Buckhurst N. System Dynamics Models of Field Force Operations. In: Owusu G, O’Brien P, McCall J, Doherty NF, editors. Transforming Field and Service Operations: Methodologies for Successful Technology-Driven Business Transformation, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 47–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Vaccine Companion.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Psychologist Writes Book That He Claims Will Send Children To Sleep In Minutes. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/book-claims-put-children-sleep/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Perkins Student Loans: Options That Could Make the Program More Financially Independent. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kingston SE. Genome-wide analysis of divergence and introgression in towhee hybrid zones. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Schlossberg T, Schwartz J. A Bumblebee Gets New Protection on Obama’s Way Out. New York Times 2017:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Vaccine Companion
ISSN (print)1876-0775
Scope

Other styles