How to format your references using the The Vaccine Companion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Vaccine Companion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smaglik P. Job movements. Nature 2005;433:901.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sczepanski JT, Joyce GF. A cross-chiral RNA polymerase ribozyme. Nature 2014;515:440–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dietz T, Ostrom E, Stern PC. The struggle to govern the commons. Science 2003;302:1907–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Chapman SC, Blain AW, Ivison RJ, Smail IR. A median redshift of 2.4 for galaxies bright at submillimetre wavelengths. Nature 2003;422:695–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Simko SP. Strategic Fixed Income Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Mingos DMP, editor. The Chemical Bond I: 100 Years Old and Getting Stronger. vol. 169. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Henkel M, Pleimling M. Local Scale-invariance I: z = 2. In: Pleimling M, editor. Non-Equilibrium Phase Transitions: Volume 2: Ageing and Dynamical Scaling Far from Equilibrium, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010, p. 221–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Vaccine Companion.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Peeing In The Pool Is Not Just Gross, It’s Dangerous. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/peeing-in-the-pool-is-not-just-gross-it-s-dangerous/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Federal Communications Commission Spectrum Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lorentz J. The effect of requirements prioritization on avionics system conceptual design. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Stewart JB. New Chief Portrays A Kinder, Gentler Uber. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Vaccine Companion
ISSN (print)1876-0775
Scope

Other styles