How to format your references using the The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lea, D. W. (2001). Paleoclimate. Ice ages, the California Current, and Devils Hole. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5527), 59–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weis, V. M., & Allemand, D. (2009). Physiology. What determines coral health? Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5931), 1153–1155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brechbühl, J., Klaey, M., & Broillet, M.-C. (2008). Grueneberg ganglion cells mediate alarm pheromone detection in mice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5892), 1092–1095.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tulk, C. A., Benmore, C. J., Urquidi, J., Klug, D. D., Neuefeind, J., Tomberli, B., & Egelstaff, P. A. (2002). Structural studies of several distinct metastable forms of amorphous ice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5585), 1320–1323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Means, R. S. (2010). Green Building: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shetty, N. R., Prasad, N. H., & Nalini, N. (Eds.). (2016). Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications: ERCICA 2015, Volume 3. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Neves, M. F., Trombin, V. G., Lopes, F. F., Kalaki, R., & Milan, P. (2012). Destinations of exports. In V. G. Trombin, F. F. Lopes, R. Kalaki, & P. Milan (Eds.), The orange juice business: A Brazilian perspective (pp. 27–29). Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, April 25). Scientists Have Sequenced The Genome Of Iron-Breathing Microbes. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). ADP Planning: Challenges at the U.S. Transportation Command (IMTEC-88-54). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sever, R. S. (2017). A Quantitative Descriptive Study Using the Theoretical Domains Framework to Investigate and Compare the Psychotropic Medication Prescribing Behavior of Primary Care Prescribers [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. (2017, January 26). Trump Adviser’s $285 Million Exit Pay Questioned as to Possible Goldman Influence. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lea, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lea, 2001; Weis & Allemand, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weis & Allemand, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Brechbühl et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tulk et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
AbbreviationQ. J. Exp. Psychol. (Hove)
ISSN (print)1747-0218
ISSN (online)1747-0226
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)
General Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles