How to format your references using the The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horton, B. (2000). Georgia realizes the commercial potential of science. Nature, 404(6779), 794.
A journal article with 2 authors
Livneh, U., & Zador, A. (2014). Sensory systems: Sound processing takes motor control. Nature, 513(7517), 180–181.
A journal article with 3 authors
Almeda, R., Connelly, T. L., & Buskey, E. J. (2014). Novel insight into the role of heterotrophic dinoflagellates in the fate of crude oil in the sea. Scientific Reports, 4, 7560.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sun, X., Song, P., Zhang, Y., Liu, C., Xu, W., & Xing, W. (2013). A class of high performance metal-free oxygen reduction electrocatalysts based on cheap carbon blacks. Scientific Reports, 3, 2505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, D. A. (2008). Forensic Procedures for Boundary and Title Investigation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Opitz, D. L., Bergwik, S., & Tiggelen, B. V. (Eds.). (2016). Domesticity in the Making of Modern Science. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Audzevich, Y., Bodrog, L., Ofek, Y., & Telek, M. (2010). Packet Loss Minimization in Load-Balancing Switch. In K. Al-Begain, D. Fiems, & W. J. Knottenbelt (Eds.), Analytical and Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Applications: 17th International Conference, ASMTA 2010, Cardiff, UK, June 14-16, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 44–58). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, April 27). Hypnotic Time-Lapse Videos Showcase The Seldom Seen Movements of Nature. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Data Security Software (No. 133201). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Washington-Cobb, S. L. (2012). Exploring the Experiences of Former Alternative Education Participants: Case Studies [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schilling, M. K. (2016, October 11). Paula Cooper. New York Times, M280.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Horton, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Horton, 2000; Livneh & Zador, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Livneh & Zador, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Almeda et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sun et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
AbbreviationQ. J. Exp. Psychol. (Hove)
ISSN (print)1747-0218
ISSN (online)1747-0226
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)
General Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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