How to format your references using the The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heilbron, J. L. (2013). History: The path to the quantum atom. Nature, 498(7452), 27–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldhaber-Gordon, I., & Goldhaber-Gordon, D. (2005). Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 6. Nature, 433(7028), 805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gibbs, M. J., Armstrong, J. S., & Gibbs, A. J. (2001). Recombination in the hemagglutinin gene of the 1918 “Spanish flu.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5536), 1842–1845.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cerullo, G., Polli, D., Lanzani, G., De Silvestri, S., Hashimoto, H., & Cogdell, R. J. (2002). Photosynthetic light harvesting by carotenoids: detection of an intermediate excited state. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5602), 2395–2398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaughan, D., Robinson, N., Lucas, N., & Arulkumaran, S. (2010). Handbook of Obstetric High Dependency Care. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Slee, P. T. (2016). Well-Being, Positive Peer Relations and Bullying in School Settings (G. Skrzypiec, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kar-Narayan, S., Crossley, S., & Mathur, N. D. (2014). Electrocaloric Multilayer Capacitors. In T. Correia & Q. Zhang (Eds.), Electrocaloric Materials: New Generation of Coolers (pp. 91–105). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 1). Levitating Cells Could Help Scientists Figure Out How Drugs Work. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). National Airspace System: Comprehensive FAA Plan for Global Positioning System Is Needed (RCED-95-26). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moose, A. M. (2013). The Relationship of Distributed Expertise and Shared Leadership in New Product Development Teams: A Comparative Case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schilling, M. K. (2017, April 10). Mother of Invention. New York Times, M2114.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heilbron, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Goldhaber-Gordon & Goldhaber-Gordon, 2005; Heilbron, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldhaber-Gordon & Goldhaber-Gordon, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Gibbs et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cerullo et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
AbbreviationQ. J. Exp. Psychol. (Hove)
ISSN (print)1747-0218
ISSN (online)1747-0226
General Medicine
Physiology (medical)
General Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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