How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Products citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Products. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moritz, M. A. Wildfires Ignite Debate on Global Warming. Nature 2012, 487 (7407), 273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stahler, S.; Palla, F. Astronomy. The Beat of Young Stars. Science 2014, 345 (6196), 514–515.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daw, R.; Finkelstein, J.; Helmer, M. Chemistry and Energy. Nature 2012, 488 (7411), 293.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Oberdoerffer, S.; Moita, L. F.; Neems, D.; Freitas, R. P.; Hacohen, N.; Rao, A. Regulation of CD45 Alternative Splicing by Heterogeneous Ribonucleoprotein, HnRNPLL. Science 2008, 321 (5889), 686–691.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hirsch, F.; Kemp, J.; Ilkka, J. Mobile Web Services; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Ladd, M. Structure Determination by X-Ray Crystallography: Analysis by X-Rays and Neutrons, 5th ed. 2013.; Palmer, R., Ed.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao, Z.; Liu, T.; Hou, X.; Li, B.; Du, X. Distributed Text Representation with Weighting Scheme Guidance for Sentiment Analysis. In Web Technologies and Applications: 18th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2016, Suzhou, China, September 23-25, 2016. Proceedings, Part I; Li, F., Shim, K., Zheng, K., Liu, G., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Products.

Blog post
Andrew, E. It’s Not Just Hype – 3D Printing Is The Bridge To The Future (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Precollege Math and Science Education: Department of Energy’s Precollege Program Managed Ineffectively; HEHS-94-208; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taaz, Z. Boiler Automation and Monitoring of Temperature and Steam Flow Using Simulink. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burch, A. D. S. Facing a Void Left by Hate. New York Times. July 8, 2017, p A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Products
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Prod.
ISSN (print)0163-3864
ISSN (online)1520-6025
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Complementary and alternative medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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