How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Products citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Products. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coughlin, S. R. Thrombin Signalling and Protease-Activated Receptors. Nature 2000, 407 (6801), 258–264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelleher, R. J., 3rd; Shen, J. Genetics. Gamma-Secretase and Human Disease. Science 2010, 330 (6007), 1055–1056.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moles, A.; Kieffer, B. L.; D’Amato, F. R. Deficit in Attachment Behavior in Mice Lacking the Mu-Opioid Receptor Gene. Science 2004, 304 (5679), 1983–1986.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hu, Y.-L.; Lu, S.; Szeto, K. W.; Sun, J.; Wang, Y.; Lasheras, J. C.; Chien, S. FAK and Paxillin Dynamics at Focal Adhesions in the Protrusions of Migrating Cells. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6024.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Machin, D.; Campbell, M. J. Design of Studies for Medical Research; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Advances in Cryptology – ASIACRYPT 2016: 22nd International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Hanoi, Vietnam, December 4-8, 2016, Proceedings, Part II; Cheon, J. H., Takagi, T., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016; Vol. 10032.
A chapter in an edited book
Dämmrich, M. E.; Kreipe, H. H. Standardized Processing of Native Tissue in Breast Pathology. In Pre-Analytics of Pathological Specimens in Oncology; Dietel, M., Wittekind, C., Bussolati, G., Winterfeld, M. von, Eds.; Recent Results in Cancer Research; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp 45–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Products.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 3D Printed Bionic Hand Wins Dyson Award (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Uses of Minicomputers in the Federal Government: Trends, Benefits, and Problems; FGMSD-75-53; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baruth, L. E. Joan Tower and the Clarinet: An Examination of Her Compositional Style and a Performer’s Guide to “RAIN WAVES” (1997) and “A GIFT” (2007). Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Garner, D. The Cold War Heats Up Again. New York Times. August 28, 2017, p C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Products
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Prod.
ISSN (print)0163-3864
ISSN (online)1520-6025
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Complementary and alternative medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles