How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Products citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Products. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cooper, C. David Barker (1938-2013). Nature 2013, 502 (7471), 304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hedwig, B.; Poulet, J. F. A. Complex Auditory Behaviour Emerges from Simple Reactive Steering. Nature 2004, 430 (7001), 781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su, Z.; Huang, W.; Gu, X. Comment on “Positive Selection of Tyrosine Loss in Metazoan Evolution.” Science 2011, 332 (6032), 917; author reply 917.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, S.-M.; Adema, C. M.; Kepler, T. B.; Loker, E. S. Diversification of Ig Superfamily Genes in an Invertebrate. Science 2004, 305 (5681), 251–254.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sun, B. Multiphase Flow in Oil and Gas Well Drilling; John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd: Singapore, 2016.
An edited book
Bogdan, B. Valuation in Life Sciences: A Practical Guide; Villiger, R., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Baronti, M.; De Mari, F.; van der Putten, R.; Venturi, I. Limits of Functions. In Calculus Problems; De Mari, F., van der Putten, R., Venturi, I., Eds.; UNITEXT; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp 65–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Products.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Scientists Find Biological “Switch” That Reverts Mature Liver Cells to Stem Cells. IFLScience.“switch”-reverts-mature-liver-cells-stem-cells/ (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Bureau of Indian Affairs Schools: New Facilities Management Information System Promising, but Improved Data Accuracy Needed; GAO-03-692; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jurka, J. The Importance of Being a Complement: CED Effects Revisited. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. This ‘Green’ Is Not a Color. New York Times. November 8, 2009, p NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Products
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Prod.
ISSN (print)0163-3864
ISSN (online)1520-6025
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Complementary and alternative medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles