How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Products citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Products. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershenfeld, N. A Quantum Conversation. Science 2001, 293 (5537), 2035–2037.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strässer, K.; Hurt, E. Splicing Factor Sub2p Is Required for Nuclear MRNA Export through Its Interaction with Yra1p. Nature 2001, 413 (6856), 648–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xie, W.; Wang, H.; Wu, J. Similar Morphological and Molecular Signatures Shared by Female and Male Germline Stem Cells. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5580.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gajiwala, K. S.; Chen, H.; Cornille, F.; Roques, B. P.; Reith, W.; Mach, B.; Burley, S. K. Structure of the Winged-Helix Protein HRFX1 Reveals a New Mode of DNA Binding. Nature 2000, 403 (6772), 916–921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rebonato, R. Volatility and Correlation; John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2004.
An edited book
Entrepreneurship, Human Capital, and Regional Development: Labor Networks, Knowledge Flows, and Industry Growth; Baptista, R., Leitão, J., Eds.; International Studies in Entrepreneurship; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 31.
A chapter in an edited book
Szebehely, V. Applications of the Restricted Problem of Three Bodies in Space Research. In Modern Questions of Celestial Mechanics; Colombo, G., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp 169–219.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Products.

Blog post
Andrew, E. New Lock-And-Key Technology Promises Rapid Cancer Testing for Developing World (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: IRS’ Use of Consultants to Do the TMAC Price/Technical Tradeoff Analysis; IMTEC-93-4BR; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cardillo-Geller, L. Renegotiating Relationships, Patterns of Grief and Experiences of Support: An Examination of Mothers’ Relationships with Their Daughters Following Daughters’ Loss of a Husband in the September 11 Th, 2001 World Trade Center Attacks. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. Neighbors Protest Flea Market’s Move to Belmont Park. New York Times. January 7, 2007, p 14WC6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Products
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Prod.
ISSN (print)0163-3864
ISSN (online)1520-6025
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Complementary and alternative medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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