How to format your references using the The Pharmacogenomics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Pharmacogenomics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Müller-Wille S. Plant taxonomy: The love of plants. Nature 2007; 446: 268.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghosh A, Ganesan K. Policy: Rethink India’s energy strategy. Nature 2015; 521: 156–157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Curry R, Dickson B, Yashayaev I. A change in the freshwater balance of the Atlantic Ocean over the past four decades. Nature 2003; 426: 826–829.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kalantry S, Purushothaman S, Bowen RB, Starmer J, Magnuson T. Evidence of Xist RNA-independent initiation of mouse imprinted X-chromosome inactivation. Nature 2009; 460: 647–651.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paultre P. Dynamics of Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Smith MJ, Salvendy G (eds.). Human Interface and the Management of Information. Designing Information Environments: Symposium on Human Interface 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009, Procceedings, Part I. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Todić D. Social and Environmental Issues Related to Security in SEE Countries. In: Montini M, Bogdanovic S (eds). Environmental Security in South-Eastern Europe: International Agreements and Their Implementation. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011, pp 43–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Pharmacogenomics Journal.

Blog post
Andrews R. Mammals Were Almost Completely Wiped Out Alongside The Dinosaurs. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Claims of Civilian Employees Who Were Overpaid per Diem while Attending Training Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kraka EK. Assessment of herbicides for control of non-native species: Italian ryegrass (Lolium perenne spp. multiflorum ), tropical spiderwort (Commelina benghalensis), and tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum). 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. A Second Case on Detainees Complicates Supreme Court Deliberations. New York Times. 2008; : A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Pharmacogenomics Journal
AbbreviationPharmacogenomics J.
ISSN (print)1470-269X
ISSN (online)1473-1150
Molecular Medicine

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