How to format your references using the The Pharmacogenomics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Pharmacogenomics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barry CE. Tuberculosis: Drug discovery goes au naturel. Nature 2014; 506: 436–437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wen L, Tang F. Computational biology: How to catch rare cell types. Nature 2015; 525: 197–198.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dahl JE, Liu SG, Carlson RMK. Isolation and structure of higher diamondoids, nanometer-sized diamond molecules. Science 2003; 299: 96–99.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wasser S, Poole J, Lee P, Lindsay K, Dobson A, Hart J et al. Conservation. Elephants, ivory, and trade. Science 2010; 327: 1331–1332.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumar V, Petersen JA. Statistical Methods in Customer Relationship Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Movaghar A, Jamzad M, Asadi H (eds.). Artificial Intelligence and Signal Processing: International Symposium, AISP 2013, Tehran, Iran, December 25-26, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Connor MJ, Oommen A. Clinical Pearls: Non-dialytic Management of Kidney Complications in the Postoperative Period. In: Thakar CV, Parikh CR (eds). Perioperative Kidney Injury: Principles of Risk Assessment, Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer: New York, NY, 2015, pp 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Pharmacogenomics Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. Chromosome Errors Cause Many Pregnancies To End Before They Are Even Detected. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comments on Claim Against Mississippi for Disallowed Educational Grant Expenditures. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scott E. Effects of cultural nutritional education among Hispanic women with diabetes. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. QUICK BITE: Cranford; Cranford Didn’t Get the Olympics, Either. New York Times. 2005; : 14NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Pharmacogenomics Journal
AbbreviationPharmacogenomics J.
ISSN (print)1470-269X
ISSN (online)1473-1150
Molecular Medicine

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