How to format your references using the Annual Review of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garber K. 2007. Science careers. Translational institute unites unlikely partners at Penn. Science. 317(5840):968–69
A journal article with 2 authors
Sagan SM, Sarnow P. 2013. Molecular biology. RNAi, Antiviral after all. Science. 342(6155):207–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloss TA, Witze ES, Rothman JH. 2003. Suppression of CED-3-independent apoptosis by mitochondrial betaNAC in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature. 424(6952):1066–71
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Carnaval AC, Hickerson MJ, Haddad CFB, Rodrigues MT, Moritz C. 2009. Stability predicts genetic diversity in the Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot. Science. 323(5915):785–89

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boutillier S, Carré D, Levratto N. 2016. Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Némethi A, Szilárd Á, eds. 2013. Deformations of Surface Singularities, Vol. 23. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XII, 275 p. 71 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi S, Kim IC. 2013. Homogenization with oscillatory Neumann boundary data in general domain. In Geometric Partial Differential Equations proceedings, ed A Chambolle, M Novaga, E Valdinoci, pp. 105–18. Pisa: Scuola Normale Superiore

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Public Health.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2016. Mystery Of The “Megastructure Star” Deepens. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. University Funding: Assessing Federal Funding Mechanisms for University Research. RCED-86-75, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galyer DL. 2019. The Influence of Reference Objects on Vector-Based Memory Representations. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. 2016. A Raging Diva, Centuries Before Soap Operas. New York Times, Oct. 7, p. C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Public Health
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Public Health
ISSN (print)0163-7525
ISSN (online)1545-2093
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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