How to format your references using the Annual Review of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maddox J. 2002. Maxwell’s demon: slamming the door. Nature. 417(6892):903
A journal article with 2 authors
Laurance WF, Balmford A. 2013. Land use: A global map for road building. Nature. 495(7441):308–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregg MC, Sanford TB, Winkel DP. 2003. Reduced mixing from the breaking of internal waves in equatorial waters. Nature. 422(6931):513–15
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bischofberger I, Calzolari DCE, De Los Rios P, Jelezarov I, Trappe V. 2014. Hydrophobic hydration of poly-N-isopropyl acrylamide: a matter of the mean energetic state of water. Sci. Rep. 4:4377

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood T, Anderson M, Analytics F. 2010. The Commercial Real Estate Tsunami. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jensen RR. 2005. Geo-Spatial Technologies in Urban Environments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XVI, 176 p. 45 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Pesta G. 2007. Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Residues and Wastes. In Utilization of By-Products and Treatment of Waste in the Food Industry, ed V Oreopoulou, W Russ, pp. 53–72. Boston, MA: Springer US

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Public Health.

Blog post
Davis J. 2015. Shift In Human Ancestors’ Diet Earlier Than Previously Thought. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Customs Service Modernization: Actions Initiated to Correct ACE Management and Technical Weaknesses. AIMD-99-198R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stroot PG. 2004. Novel Reverse Transcription Method Confirms Growth Inhibition of Bacteria Exposed to Domestic Wastewater. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. 2017. Victory for Morale Precedes an Actual Loss. New York Times, Sep. 24, p. SP8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (5–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Public Health
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Public Health
ISSN (print)0163-7525
ISSN (online)1545-2093
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles