How to format your references using the Annual Review of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Olinto AV. 2007. Cosmic rays: the highest-energy messengers. Science. 315(5808):68–70
A journal article with 2 authors
Holme R, de Viron O. 2013. Characterization and implications of intradecadal variations in length of day. Nature. 499(7457):202–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Bormashenko E, Musin A, Grynyov R. 2014. Scaling law governing the roughness of the swash edge line. Sci. Rep. 4:6243
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang W, Wan H, Feng G, Qu J, Wang J, et al. 2018. SIRT6 deficiency results in developmental retardation in cynomolgus monkeys. Nature. 560(7720):661–65

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes P. 2008. The JCT 05 Standard Building Sub-Contract. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
An edited book
Duy VH, Dao TT, Zelinka I, Choi H-S, Chadli M, eds. 2016. AETA 2015: Recent Advances in Electrical Engineering and Related Sciences, Vol. 371. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XIV, 917 p. 584 illus., 174 illus. in color pp. 1st ed. 2016 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Åström J, Freschi AC, Montin S. 2012. E-forums: Refreshing the Representative Relationship? In Renewal in European Local Democracies: Puzzles, Dilemmas and Options, ed L Schaap, H Daemen, pp. 79–98. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Public Health.

Blog post
Hale T. 2017. What The Hell Is This Prehistoric-Looking Prawn Fish? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Space Station: Prime Contract Changes. NSIAD-00-103R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brister MH. 2008. Attitudes of agriscience teachers, counselors, administrators, and students toward selected agriscience programs in Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman W. 2014. Colombia’s President Reinstates a Mayor He Ousted. New York Times, April 24, p. A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4–6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Public Health
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Public Health
ISSN (print)0163-7525
ISSN (online)1545-2093
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles