How to format your references using the Annual Review of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sandman PM. 2009. Pandemics: good hygiene is not enough. Nature. 459(7245):322–23
A journal article with 2 authors
Owen R, Jobling S. 2012. Environmental science: The hidden costs of flexible fertility. Nature. 485(7399):441
A journal article with 3 authors
Pasham DR, Strohmayer TE, Mushotzky RF. 2014. A 400-solar-mass black hole in the galaxy M82. Nature. 513(7516):74–76
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Korniss G, Novotny MA, Guclu H, Toroczkai Z, Rikvold PA. 2003. Suppressing roughness of virtual times in parallel discrete-event simulations. Science. 299(5607):677–79

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chinesta F, Cescotto S, Cueto E, Lorong P. 2013. Natural Element Method for the Simulation of Structures and Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mikhailov AV, ed. 2009. Integrability, Vol. 767. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XIII, 339 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Moghaddam B, Pehrson AL. 2010. Disinhibition of Prefrontal Cortex Neurons in Schizophrenia. In Advances in Schizophrenia Research 2009, ed WF Gattaz, G Busatto, pp. 99–111. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Stalagmites Preserve 3,000 Years of Northern Hemisphere Climate. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. California High-Speed Passenger Rail: Project Estimates Could Be Improved to Better Inform Future Decisions. GAO-13-304, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daysal NM. 2009. The effects of uninsurance on hospitals and patient health. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. 2015. Russia Sentences Estonian to 15 Years in Spy Case. New York Times, Aug. 20, p. A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Public Health
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Public Health
ISSN (print)0163-7525
ISSN (online)1545-2093
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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