How to format your references using the Annual Review of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heaven MC. 2013. Chemistry. Turn the molecule this way for a faster reaction. Science. 342(6154):46–47
A journal article with 2 authors
Li L, Weidner DJ. 2008. Effect of phase transitions on compressional-wave velocities in the Earth’s mantle. Nature. 454(7207):984–86
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyd RW, Chan KWC, O’Sullivan MN. 2007. Physics. Quantum weirdness in the lab. Science. 317(5846):1874–75
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Davies TP, Fry HM, Wilson AG, Bishop SR. 2013. A mathematical model of the London riots and their policing. Sci. Rep. 3:1303

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez RX, Conkey AP. 2016. Troubleshooting Rotating Machinery. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pan Y, Rammig FJ, Schmeck H, Solar M, eds. 2006. Biologically Inspired Cooperative Computing: IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, TC 10: 1st IFIP International Conference on Biologically Inspired Computing, August 21–24, 2006, Santiago, Chile, Vol. 216. Boston, MA: Springer US. X, 212 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Bubalo J. 2011. Conditioning Regimens. In Blood and Marrow Transplant Handbook: Comprehensive Guide for Patient Care, ed RT Maziarz, S Slater, pp. 39–49. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Study Concludes Autism Can Be Largely Explained By Genetics. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Guaranteed Student Loans: Better Criteria Needed for Financing Guarantee Agencies. HRD-86-57, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Einziger H. 2010. Incidence Hopf algebras: Antipodes, forest formulas, and noncrossing partitions. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. 2011. A Focus on Cheese. New York Times, Jan. 16, p. NJ10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Public Health
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Public Health
ISSN (print)0163-7525
ISSN (online)1545-2093
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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