How to format your references using the Annual Review of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz L. 2011. Drugs: a tangled web of targets. Nature. 475(7355):S9-11
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaensler BM, Frail DA. 2000. A large age for the pulsar B1757-24 from an upper limit on its proper motion. Nature. 406(6792):158–60
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonçalves B, Balcan D, Vespignani A. 2013. Human mobility and the worldwide impact of intentional localized highly pathogenic virus release. Sci. Rep. 3:810
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Benoff B, Yang H, Lawson CL, Parkinson G, Liu J, et al. 2002. Structural basis of transcription activation: the CAP-alpha CTD-DNA complex. Science. 297(5586):1562–66

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shover L. 2010. Trading Options in Turbulent Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mukhopadhyay SC, ed. 2016. Next Generation Sensors and Systems, Vol. 16. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XII, 330 p. 251 illus., 178 illus. in color p. 1st ed. 2016 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Burau V, Dahl HM. 2013. Trajectories of Change in Danish Long Term Care Policies—Reproduction by Adaptation through Top-Down and Bottom-Up Reforms. In Reforms in Long-Term Care Policies in Europe: Investigating Institutional Change and Social Impacts, ed C Ranci, E Pavolini, pp. 79–95. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Dwarf Galaxies Feel The Blast From Larger Neighbours. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. A Capsule Version of: Nanomanufacturing--Emergence and Implications for U.S. Competitiveness, the Environment, and Human Health. GAO-14-406SP, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boylan SA. 2017. An exploratory case study: U. S. Army’s leadership development for organizational leaders. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Story L. 2011. Seeking Business, States Loosen Insurance Rules. New York Times, May 9, p. A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Public Health
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Public Health
ISSN (print)0163-7525
ISSN (online)1545-2093
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles