How to format your references using the The New Iraqi Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The New Iraqi Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Tromans A. Entomology. Love is not puffed up. Nature. 2000 Mar 9;404(6774):138.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Teruel MN, Meyer T. Parallel single-cell monitoring of receptor-triggered membrane translocation of a calcium-sensing protein module. Science. 2002 Mar 8;295(5561):1910–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Meyer P, Saez L, Young MW. PER-TIM interactions in living Drosophila cells: an interval timer for the circadian clock. Science. 2006 Jan 13;311(5758):226–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Pasupathy AN, Pushp A, Gomes KK, Parker CV, Wen J, Xu Z, et al. Electronic origin of the inhomogeneous pairing interaction in the high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Science. 2008 Apr 11;320(5873):196–201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Harte L. Reading the Contemporary Irish Novel 1987-2007. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Slattery JC. Interfacial Transport Phenomena. 2nd Edition. Sagis L, Oh E-S, editors. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. XVIII, 828 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Berthold MR. From Patterns to Discoveries. In: Gaber MM, editor. Journeys to Data Mining: Experiences from 15 Renowned Researchers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 43–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The New Iraqi Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Professor Brian Cox Brought A Graph To Take On A Climate Change Denying Politician On Live TV. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Contract Award Protest. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Apr. Report No.: B-177482.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hutson MD. Three Essays on Macroeconomic Forecasting [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. In Pursuit of a Social Media Mirage. New York Times. 2017 Aug 10;C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe New Iraqi Journal of Medicine
ISSN (print)1998-037X
ISSN (online)1817-5562
Scope

Other styles