How to format your references using the The Netherlands Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Netherlands Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Nathan C. Points of control in inflammation. Nature. 2002;420(6917):846–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Medzhitov R, Littman D. HIV immunology needs a new direction. Nature. 2008 Oct 2;455(7213):591.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Reber M, Burrola P, Lemke G. A relative signalling model for the formation of a topographic neural map. Nature. 2004 Oct 14;431(7010):847–53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Paukstelis PJ, Chen J-H, Chase E, Lambowitz AM, Golden BL. Structure of a tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase splicing factor bound to a group I intron RNA. Nature. 2008 Jan 3;451(7174):94–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Jelaska D. Gears and Gear Drives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Praetorius B. Innovation for Sustainable Electricity Systems: Exploring the Dynamics of Energy Transitions. Bauknecht D, Cames M, Fischer C, Pehnt M, Schumacher K, Voß J-P, editors. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2009. IX, 245 p. (Sustainability and Innovation).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Najeeb U, Mirza MY, Jilani G, Mubashir AK, Zhou WJ. Sesame. In: Gupta SK, editor. Technological Innovations in Major World Oil Crops, Volume 1: Breeding. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 131–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Netherlands Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Antifreeze from Ticks Offer Frostbite Protection for Mice [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/antifreeze-ticks-offer-frostbite-protection-mice/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Request for Reformation of Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 May. Report No.: B-178078.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Valencia GM. A Phenomenological Study of Adults Earning a Graduate Degree after Age 60 [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO. 105 Years Ago. New York Times. 2016 Jun 24;C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Netherlands Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationNeth. J. Med.
ISSN (print)0300-2977
ISSN (online)1872-9061
ScopeInternal Medicine

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