How to format your references using the The Netherlands Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Netherlands Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Goldston D. America’s new leadership. Nature. 2008 Nov 6;456(7218):16.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Margueron R, Reinberg D. The Polycomb complex PRC2 and its mark in life. Nature. 2011 Jan 20;469(7330):343–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Karlsson MP, Tervo DGR, Karpova AY. Network resets in medial prefrontal cortex mark the onset of behavioral uncertainty. Science. 2012 Oct 5;338(6103):135–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Benenson Y, Paz-Elizur T, Adar R, Keinan E, Livneh Z, Shapiro E. Programmable and autonomous computing machine made of biomolecules. Nature. 2001 Nov 22;414(6862):430–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cherniakov M. An Introduction to Parametric Digital Filters and Oscillators. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2003.
An edited book
1.
Gornitzka Å, Kogan M, Amaral A, editors. Reform and Change in Higher Education: Analysing Policy Implementation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. XVI, 363 p. (Higher Education Dynamics; vol. 8).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pande A, Zambreno J. Polymorphic Wavelet Transform. In: Zambreno J, editor. Embedded Multimedia Security Systems: Algorithms and Architectures. London: Springer; 2013. p. 33–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Netherlands Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. This Is What Happens When You Turn A Water Sprinkler On At -34°C [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/hot-water-sprinkler-wintertime/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Issues Related to Fiscal Year 1995 Appropriations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Apr. Report No.: T-RCED-94-180.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Purdioux L. Predicting deception detection ability based on the concept of self-compassionate personality trait, openness personality structure, and agreeableness personality structure [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly S. Op-Art. New York Times. 2003 Nov 1;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Netherlands Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationNeth. J. Med.
ISSN (print)0300-2977
ISSN (online)1872-9061
ScopeInternal Medicine

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