How to format your references using the Atmosphere citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmosphere. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binzel, R.P. PLANETARY SCIENCE: Asteroids Come of Age. Science 2000, 289, 2065–2066.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lockhart, D.J.; Winzeler, E.A. Genomics, Gene Expression and DNA Arrays. Nature 2000, 405, 827–836.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aitken, C.M.; Jones, D.M.; Larter, S.R. Anaerobic Hydrocarbon Biodegradation in Deep Subsurface Oil Reservoirs. Nature 2004, 431, 291–294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
He, L.; Wu, X.-S.; Mohan, R.; Wu, L.-G. Two Modes of Fusion Pore Opening Revealed by Cell-Attached Recordings at a Synapse. Nature 2006, 444, 102–105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lynn, P.A. Electricity from Sunlight; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2010; ISBN 9780470710111.
An edited book
Agassi, J. Beg to Differ: The Logic of Disputes and Argumentation; Meidan, A., Ed.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319333069.
A chapter in an edited book
Álvarez, S.; Vázquez-Salceda, J.; Kifor, T.; Varga, L.Z.; Willmott, S. Applying Provenance in Distributed Organ Transplant Management. In Provenance and Annotation of Data: International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2006, Chicago, IL, USA, May 3-5, 2006, Revised Selected Papers; Moreau, L., Foster, I., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; pp. 28–36 ISBN 9783540463023.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmosphere.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Hundreds of Sharks Now on Twitter Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Highlights of a GAO Forum: The Federal Government’s Role in Improving Financial Literacy; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vaughn, E.L. Find Me on Facebook: A New Typology for Categorizing Online Personalities. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. In Suffolk, a Plan to Keep Emergency Volunteers. New York Times 2006, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmosphere
AbbreviationAtmosphere (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4433
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

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