How to format your references using the Atmosphere citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmosphere. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Endo, M. Obituary: Setsuro Ebashi (1922-2006). Nature 2006, 442, 996.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyman, A.H.; Simons, K. The new cell biology: Beyond HeLa cells. Nature 2011, 480, 34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nobes, C.; Lloyd, A.; Marsh, M. RETROSPECTIVE. Alan Hall (1952-2015). Science 2015, 350, 1039.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kwak, J.H.; Hu, J.; Mei, D.; Yi, C.-W.; Kim, D.H.; Peden, C.H.F.; Allard, L.F.; Szanyi, J. Coordinatively unsaturated Al3+ centers as binding sites for active catalyst phases of platinum on gamma-Al2O3. Science 2009, 325, 1670–1673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castle, D.; Cline, C.; Daar, A.S.; Tsamis, C.; Singer, P.A. Science, Society, and the Supermarket; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2006; ISBN 9780470055502.
An edited book
Construction and Analysis of Safe, Secure, and Interoperable Smart Devices: International Workshop, CASSIS 2004, Marseille, France, March 10-14, 2004, Revised Selected Papers; Barthe, G., Burdy, L., Huisman, M., Lanet, J.-L., Muntean, T., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005; Vol. 3362; ISBN 9783540242871.
A chapter in an edited book
Takala, T.M.; Hämäläinen, P.; Matveinen, M.; Simonen, T.; Takatalo, J. Enhancing Spatial Perception and User Experience in Video Games with Volumetric Shadows. In Computer-Human Interaction. Cognitive Effects of Spatial Interaction, Learning, and Ability: 25th Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference, OzCHI 2013, Adelaide, SA, Australia, November 25-29, 2013. Revised and Extended Papers; Wyeld, T., Calder, P., Shen, H., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 91–113 ISBN 9783319169392.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmosphere.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Check Out This Otherworldly “Blue Hour” Lava Flow At Hawaii (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office James Webb Space Telescope: Project Facing Increased Schedule Risk with Significant Work Remaining; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moe, R. The evolution and impact of the massive open online course. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G. For Archie Comics, a Return to Superheroes. New York Times 2011, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmosphere
AbbreviationAtmosphere (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4433
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

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