How to format your references using the Atmosphere citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmosphere. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blomgren, G.E. Electrochemistry. Making a potential difference. Nature 2000, 407, 681–682.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brosi, B.J.; Biber, E.G.N. Conservation. Citizen involvement in the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Science 2012, 337, 802–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richardson, J.E.; Melosh, H.J.; Greenberg, R. Impact-induced seismic activity on asteroid 433 Eros: a surface modification process. Science 2004, 306, 1526–1529.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hattori, D.; Chen, Y.; Matthews, B.J.; Salwinski, L.; Sabatti, C.; Grueber, W.B.; Zipursky, S.L. Robust discrimination between self and non-self neurites requires thousands of Dscam1 isoforms. Nature 2009, 461, 644–648.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yakushevich, L.V. Nonlinear Physics of DNA; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2005; ISBN 9783527603701.
An edited book
Echocardiography in Acute Coronary Syndrome: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention; Herzog, E., Chaudhry, F., Eds.; Springer: London, 2009; ISBN 9781848820265.
A chapter in an edited book
Chesney, M.; Gheyssens, J.; Taschini, L. The Finance of Environmental Investments. In Environmental Finance and Investments; Gheyssens, J., Taschini, L., Eds.; Springer Texts in Business and Economics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 93–146 ISBN 9783642366222.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmosphere.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Bright Spots On Ceres Much Younger Than Previously Thought (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Educating Students at Gallaudet and the National Technical Institute for the Deaf: Who Are Served and What Are the Costs?; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1985;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, J.M. Service learning: Providing the building blocks for a socially responsible nursing role. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. In the Better of Two Hereafters, but Still Crabby About It. New York Times 2016, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmosphere
AbbreviationAtmosphere (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4433
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

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