How to format your references using the Atmosphere citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmosphere. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nathan, R. Long-Distance Dispersal of Plants. Science 2006, 313, 786–788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ochman, H.; Davalos, L.M. The Nature and Dynamics of Bacterial Genomes. Science 2006, 311, 1730–1733.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, L.; Wang, J.; Bonaccurso, E. Conductivity of Individual Particles Measured by a Microscopic Four-Point-Probe Method. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1991.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tomita, S.; Fukata, M.; Nicoll, R.A.; Bredt, D.S. Dynamic Interaction of Stargazin-like TARPs with Cycling AMPA Receptors at Synapses. Science 2004, 303, 1508–1511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sutt, J.; Lill, I.; Müürsepp, O. The Engineer’s Manual of Construction Site Planning; John Wiley & Sons: Oxford, 2013; ISBN 9781118556054.
An edited book
Pediatric Airway Surgery: Management of Laryngotracheal Stenosis in Infants and Children; Monnier, P., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; ISBN 9783642135347.
A chapter in an edited book
Cornelisse, G. Immigration Detention: An Instrument in the Fight Against Illegal Immigration or a Tool for Its Management? In Immigration Detention, Risk and Human Rights: Studies on Immigration and Crime; Guia, M.J., Koulish, R., Mitsilegas, V., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 73–89 ISBN 9783319246888.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmosphere.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. How Deadly Is Your Dog’s Saliva? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Administration of Certain Allowances and Differentials Paid to Civilian Employees Located Overseas; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1971;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodgers, R. Phylogenomic Analysis of Fundulidae Using RNA-Sequencing Data. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University: Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. A Rock Telethon in Russia, Echoing the Mood of 9/11. New York Times 2004, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmosphere
AbbreviationAtmosphere (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4433
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

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