How to format your references using the The Leadership Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Leadership Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hendrickson, W. A. (2013). Jerome Karle (1918-2013). Nature, 499(7459), 410.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaut, B. S., & Ross-Ibarra, J. (2008). Selection on major components of angiosperm genomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5875), 484–486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Usdin, M., Guillerm, M., & Chirac, P. (2006). Neglected tests for neglected patients. Nature, 441(7091), 283–284.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Guarani, V., Deflorian, G., Franco, C. A., Krüger, M., Phng, L.-K., Bentley, K., Toussaint, L., Dequiedt, F., Mostoslavsky, R., Schmidt, M. H. H., Zimmermann, B., Brandes, R. P., Mione, M., Westphal, C. H., Braun, T., Zeiher, A. M., Gerhardt, H., Dimmeler, S., & Potente, M. (2011). Acetylation-dependent regulation of endothelial Notch signalling by the SIRT1 deacetylase. Nature, 473(7346), 234–238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robinson, N., Hall, G., & Fawcett, W. (2011). How to Survive in Anaesthesia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Luo, Q. (Ed.). (2010). Advancing Computing, Communication, Control and Management (Vol. 56). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Griffin, P., Cagasan, L., Care, E., Vista, A., & Nava, F. (2016). Formative Assessment Policy and Its Enactment in the Philippines. In D. Laveault & L. Allal (Eds.), Assessment for Learning: Meeting the Challenge of Implementation (pp. 75–92). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Leadership Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 23). Testing Life-Hacks With ‘Citizen Science’: Does Stainless Steel Really Get Rid Of Garlic Smells? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Environmental Protection Agency: Comparing Annual Budgets for Science and Technology (T-RCED-00-132). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nevin, M. J. (2017). Addressing the Learning Outcomes and Assessment Methods Associated with Participation in Student Government Associations: A Qualitative Study of California Community Colleges [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, March 27). Baseball; Mets Face Pitching Decisions. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hendrickson, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gaut & Ross-Ibarra, 2008; Hendrickson, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaut & Ross-Ibarra, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Usdin et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Guarani et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Leadership Quarterly
AbbreviationLeadersh. Q.
ISSN (print)1048-9843
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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