How to format your references using the The Leadership Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Leadership Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami, G. F. (2009). Astronomy. Two missions, one microquasar. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5959), 1490–1491.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kessler, A., & Baldwin, I. T. (2001). Defensive function of herbivore-induced plant volatile emissions in nature. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5511), 2141–2144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoffelen, J.-M., Oostenveld, R., & Fries, P. (2005). Neuronal coherence as a mechanism of effective corticospinal interaction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 111–113.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Canestrelli, D., Bisconti, R., Sacco, F., & Nascetti, G. (2014). What triggers the rising of an intraspecific biodiversity hotspot? Hints from the agile frog. Scientific Reports, 4, 5042.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackwood, N. (2014). Advanced Excel Reporting for Management Accountants. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Medin, J., & Fowler, D. (Eds.). (2011). Experimental and Applied Immunotherapy. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Balen, A. (2008). Polycystic Ovary Versus Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. In A. Dunaif, R. J. Chang, S. Franks, & R. S. Legro (Eds.), Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current Controversies, From The Ovary To The Pancreas (pp. 37–49). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Leadership Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 26). Gene Therapy Treats Dogs With Muscle Disease, Paving Way For Human Trials. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Better Management Needed in Civil Agencies Over Selection of In-House or Contract Performance of Support Activities (B-158685). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ho, L. (2012). Determination of Ibuprofen Isotherm Using Supercritical Fluid Chromatography [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen, T. (2015, April 3). It’s Not the Inequality; It’s the Immobility. New York Times, BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bignami, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bignami, 2009; Kessler & Baldwin, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kessler & Baldwin, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Schoffelen et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Canestrelli et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Leadership Quarterly
AbbreviationLeadersh. Q.
ISSN (print)1048-9843
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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