How to format your references using the The Leadership Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Leadership Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hambley, T. W. (2007). Chemistry. Metal-based therapeutics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5855), 1392–1393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klenerman, P., & McMichael, A. (2007). AIDS/HIV. Finding footprints among the trees. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5818), 1505–1507.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chrysostomou, A., Lucas, P. W., & Hough, J. H. (2007). Circular polarimetry reveals helical magnetic fields in the young stellar object HH 135-136. Nature, 450(7166), 71–73.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sane, S. P., Dieudonné, A., Willis, M. A., & Daniel, T. L. (2007). Antennal mechanosensors mediate flight control in moths. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5813), 863–866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tian, J. (2005). Software Quality Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bell, G., Warwick, J., & Galbraith, P. (Eds.). (2012). Higher Education Management and Operational Research: Demonstrating New Practices and Metaphors (Vol. 54). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuki, M., Nakajima, H., Tsuchiya, N., Tanaka, J., & Hata, Y. (2014). Multi Human Movement Trajectory Extraction by Thermal Sensor. In Y. S. Kim, Y. J. Ryoo, M.-S. Jang, & Y.-C. Bae (Eds.), Advanced Intelligent Systems (pp. 35–49). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Leadership Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 11). New Photographs Show Surface Of Venus. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Rail Safety: Improved Human Capital Planning Could Address Emerging Safety Oversight Challenges (No. GAO-14-85). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, A. C. (2012). The lived experience of the adult African American female who has lived in multiple foster care placements (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hardy, M. (2017, October 23). After Storm, Houston Hopes to Regain Tourism Momentum. New York Times, p. TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hambley, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hambley, 2007; Klenerman & McMichael, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klenerman & McMichael, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Chrysostomou, Lucas, & Hough, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sane, Dieudonné, Willis, & Daniel, 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Leadership Quarterly
AbbreviationLeadersh. Q.
ISSN (print)1048-9843
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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