How to format your references using the The Leadership Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Leadership Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuchs, E. (2007). Scratching the surface of skin development. Nature, 445(7130), 834–842.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wuchty, S., & Uetz, P. (2014). Protein-protein Interaction Networks of E. coli and S. cerevisiae are similar. Scientific Reports, 4, 7187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fernandes, C. C., Podos, J., & Lundberg, J. G. (2004). Amazonian ecology: tributaries enhance the diversity of electric fishes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5692), 1960–1962.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Piggott, A. Y., Lu, J., Babinec, T. M., Lagoudakis, K. G., Petykiewicz, J., & Vučković, J. (2014). Inverse design and implementation of a wavelength demultiplexing grating coupler. Scientific Reports, 4, 7210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Numai, T. (2010). Laser Diodes and their Applications to Communications and Information Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chow, J. H. (Ed.). (2013). Power System Coherency and Model Reduction (Vol. 94). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Andreo, R. B. (2013). Bringing Out Faint Large-Scale Structure. In R. Gendler (Ed.), Lessons from the Masters: Current Concepts in Astronomical Image Processing (pp. 97–113). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Leadership Quarterly.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, May 29). The Oldest Organisms In The World. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Need for a National Weather Modification Reseach Program (B-133202). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kehoe, R. M. (2009). Parental long-term care choices from the perspectives of their sandwich-generation adult children [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, July 31). The Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Look Back. New York Times, C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuchs, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Fuchs, 2007; Wuchty & Uetz, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wuchty & Uetz, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Fernandes et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Piggott et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Leadership Quarterly
AbbreviationLeadersh. Q.
ISSN (print)1048-9843
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Applied Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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