How to format your references using the Journal of Periodontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Periodontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe D. Agriculture: Beyond food versus fuel. Nature. 2011 Jun 22;474(7352):S6-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wibberley CAJ, Shimamoto T. Earthquake slip weakening and asperities explained by thermal pressurization. Nature. 2005 Aug 4;436(7051):689–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonçalves B, Balcan D, Vespignani A. Human mobility and the worldwide impact of intentional localized highly pathogenic virus release. Sci Rep. 2013;3:810.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nishihata Y, Mizuki J, Akao T, Tanaka H, Uenishi M, Kimura M, et al. Self-regeneration of a Pd-perovskite catalyst for automotive emissions control. Nature. 2002 Jul 11;418(6894):164–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krishnan V. Probability and Random Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Beck C, editor. Clusters in Nuclei, Volume 3. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XIV, 246 p. 167 illus., 92 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Physics; vol. 875).
A chapter in an edited book
Harrath N, Monsuez B, Barkaoui K. A Framework for Verification of SystemC Designs Using SystemC Waiting State Automata. In: Bouabana-Tebibel T, Rubin SH, editors. Integration of Reusable Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 77–104. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Periodontology.

Blog post
Davis J. What Is The Best Mosquito Repellent? Science Comes To The Rescue [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education and Care: Head Start Key Among Array of Early Childhood Programs, but National Research on Effectiveness Not Completed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Jul. Report No.: GAO-03-840T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horwitz MH. Morphodynamics and Sediment Transport Pathways of the John’s Pass-Blind Pass Dual Inlet System: Pinellas County, Florida [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory Mankiw N, Summers LH. Uniting Behind a Divisive Health Tax. New York Times. 2015 Oct 24;BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Periodontology
AbbreviationJ. Periodontol.
ISSN (print)0022-3492
ISSN (online)1943-3670

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