How to format your references using the Journal of Periodontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Periodontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lederman L. The God particle et al. Nature. 2007 Jul 19;448(7151):310–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Patel AG, Kaufmann SH. Cancer. Targeting bacteria to improve cancer therapy. Science. 2010 Nov 5;330(6005):766–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mitchell A, Wei P, Lim WA. Oscillatory stress stimulation uncovers an Achilles’ heel of the yeast MAPK signaling network. Science. 2015 Dec 11;350(6266):1379–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Li S, Zhou D, Lu MM, Morrisey EE. Advanced cardiac morphogenesis does not require heart tube fusion. Science. 2004 Sep 10;305(5690):1619–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lee WF. Verilog Coding for Logic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Peters JF, Skowron A, Wolski M, Chakraborty MK, Wu W-Z, editors. Transactions on Rough Sets X. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. IX, 275 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5656).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bolt JH, Renooij S. Local Sensitivity of Bayesian Networks to Multiple Simultaneous Parameter Shifts. In: Gaag LC van der, Feelders AJ, editors. Probabilistic Graphical Models: 7th European Workshop, PGM 2014, Utrecht, The Netherlands, September 17-19, 2014 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 65–80. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Periodontology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Horizons Provides A New View Of Pluto And Charon [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/new-horizons-provides-new-view-pluto-and-its-largest-moon/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Factors Critical to Success. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Mar. Report No.: T-IMTEC-92-10.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Estep KL. Outreach Communication by Grassroots Environmental Organizations: A Case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dominus S. A Resilient Figure Stumbles, and Her Fans Wince in Turn. New York Times. 2016 Sep 12;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Periodontology
AbbreviationJ. Periodontol.
ISSN (print)0022-3492
ISSN (online)1943-3670
Scope

Other styles