How to format your references using the Journal of Periodontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Periodontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowman L. Different directions? Nature. 2003 Dec 11;426(6967):712.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cassidy DB, Mills AP Jr. The production of molecular positronium. Nature. 2007 Sep 13;449(7159):195–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown T, Sibbett W, Wright EM. Laser physics. Getting to grips with light. Science. 2001 Aug 17;293(5533):1265–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Puschnig P, Berkebile S, Fleming AJ, Koller G, Emtsev K, Seyller T, et al. Reconstruction of molecular orbital densities from photoemission data. Science. 2009 Oct 30;326(5953):702–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiMarzio JF. Beginning Android® Programming with Android Studio. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Ganesh K. Design and Development of Knowledge Management for Manufacturing: Framework, Solution and Strategy. Mohapatra S, Nagarajan S, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XIX, 194 p. 93 illus., 8 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Biolek D, Biolek Z. Fourth Fundamental Circuit Element: SPICE Modeling and Simulation. In: Tetzlaff R, editor. Memristors and Memristive Systems. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 105–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Periodontology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Genetically Modified Bacteria Could Prevent Obesity. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Data Processing Costs Can Be Reduced at Army and Air Force Exchange Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Dec. Report No.: AFMD-83-17.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huff HK. Thumb Twiddle Glossolalia: The Soumage [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mulcahy S. A College That Paid Bills by Selling Its Art. New York Times. 2016 Jul 27;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Periodontology
AbbreviationJ. Periodontol.
ISSN (print)0022-3492
ISSN (online)1943-3670

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