How to format your references using the Journal of Periodontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Periodontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Havlin S. Epidemiology. Phone infections. Science. 2009 May 22;324(5930):1023–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deckert R, Dameris M. Atmospheric science. From ocean to stratosphere. Science. 2008 Oct 3;322(5898):53–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morford SL, Houlton BZ, Dahlgren RA. Increased forest ecosystem carbon and nitrogen storage from nitrogen rich bedrock. Nature. 2011 Aug 31;477(7362):78–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Trepanier C, Lei G, Xie Y-F, MacDonald JF. Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors modify N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors via Src kinase. Sci Rep. 2013 Jan 30;3:926.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maier H. Chemiker im „Dritten Reich“. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
Jugdutt BI, Dhalla NS, editors. Cardiac Remodeling: Molecular Mechanisms. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. XI, 569 p. 78 illus., 46 illus. in color. (Advances in Biochemistry in Health and Disease; vol. 5).
A chapter in an edited book
Gimeno Gasca C, Celma Pueyo S, Aldea Chagoyen C. Adaptation Loop. In: Celma Pueyo S, Aldea Chagoyen C, editors. CMOS Continuous-Time Adaptive Equalizers for High-Speed Serial Links. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 81–105. (Analog Circuits and Signal Processing).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Periodontology.

Blog post
Fang J. Sloth Evolution Not So Slothful After All [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Question Concerning Protest Under Army IFB for Dependent School Transportation]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Feb. Report No.: B-221710.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim SB. Model uncertainty and model averaging in the estimation of benchmark dose [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Judge From 1993 Standoff Returns To Post. New York Times. 2003 Feb 22;A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Periodontology
AbbreviationJ. Periodontol.
ISSN (print)0022-3492
ISSN (online)1943-3670

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