How to format your references using the Journal of Periodontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Periodontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haigwood NL. HIV: tied down by its own receptor. Nature. 2015 Mar 5;519(7541):36–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fitch WT, Hauser MD. Computational constraints on syntactic processing in a nonhuman primate. Science. 2004 Jan 16;303(5656):377–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu L, Ploessl K, Kung HF. Chemistry. Expanding the scope of fluorine tags for PET imaging. Science. 2013 Oct 25;342(6157):429–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
He Y, Chen WF, Yu WB, Ouyang G, Yang GW. Anomalous interface adhesion of graphene membranes. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hinkelmann K, Kempthorne O. Design and Analysis of Experiments: Advanced Experimental Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005. (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics).
An edited book
Alon N, Bourgain J, Connes A, Gromov M, Milman V, editors. Visions in Mathematics: GAFA 2000 Special volume, Part II. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2010. 528p p. (Modern Birkhäuser Classics).
A chapter in an edited book
Briot S, Rosenzveig V, Martinet P. The Hidden Robot Concept: A Tool for Control Analysis and Robot Control-Based Design. In: Lenarčič J, Khatib O, editors. Advances in Robot Kinematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 31–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Periodontology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Parents Don’t Cause Autism, But They Can Make A Difference [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Data Center Consolidation: Strengthened Oversight Needed to Achieve Billions of Dollars in Savings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 May. Report No.: GAO-13-627T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leung R. The Effect of Mission Assurance on ELV Launch Success Rate: An Analysis of Two Management Systems for Launch Vehicles [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Almosawa S, Youssef N. Shattered Yemen Falls Victim to Another Deadly Enemy: Cholera. New York Times. 2017 Jul 7;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Periodontology
AbbreviationJ. Periodontol.
ISSN (print)0022-3492
ISSN (online)1943-3670

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