How to format your references using the The Journal of Wildlife Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Wildlife Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Daiger, S. P. 2005. Genetics. Was the Human Genome Project worth the effort? Science (New York, N.Y.) 308:362–364.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reik, W., and G. Kelsey. 2014. Epigenetics: Cellular memory erased in human embryos. Nature 511:540–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foote, A. D., R. W. Osborne, and A. R. Hoelzel. 2004. Environment: whale-call response to masking boat noise. Nature 428:910.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Canales, J. P., M. R. Nedimović, G. M. Kent, S. M. Carbotte, and R. S. Detrick. 2009. Seismic reflection images of a near-axis melt sill within the lower crust at the Juan de Fuca ridge. Nature 460:89–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murdoch, I., S. Turpin, B. Johnston, A. MacLullich, and E. Losman. 2014. Geriatric Emergencies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cercignani, C., and E. Gabetta, editors. 2007. Transport Phenomena and Kinetic Theory: Applications to Gases, Semiconductors, Photons, and Biological Systems. Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology, Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller, K. 2016. Summary of Washington Group Question Evaluation Studies. Pages 69–84 in B. M. Altman, editor. International Measurement of Disability: Purpose, Method and Application. Social Indicators Research Series, Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Wildlife Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2016. Scientists Vote We Have Entered The Anthropocene Epoch, Earth’s Newest Geological Chapter. IFLScience. IFLScience. <>. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Flaws in Controls Over the Supplemental Security Income Computerized System Cause Millions in Erroneous Payments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gross, J. 2010. High-performance dram system design constraints and considerations. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Palmer, E., and J. Otis. 2016. 4 Years After Hurricane Sandy, 2 Households Still Wait to Return Home. New York Times19 November 2016:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Daiger 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Daiger 2005, Reik and Kelsey 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reik and Kelsey 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Canales et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Wildlife Management
AbbreviationJ. Wildl. Manage.
ISSN (print)0022-541X
ISSN (online)1937-2817
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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