How to format your references using the The Journal of Wildlife Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Wildlife Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, L. 2012. Vector control: The last bite. Nature 484:S26-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghosez, P., and J.-M. Triscone. 2014. Materials physics: reactive walls. Nature 515:348–350.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vohs, K. D., N. L. Mead, and M. R. Goode. 2006. The psychological consequences of money. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314:1154–1156.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
van Groenigen, J. W., I. M. Lubbers, H. M. J. Vos, G. G. Brown, G. B. De Deyn, and K. J. van Groenigen. 2014. Earthworms increase plant production: a meta-analysis. Scientific reports 4:6365.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauer, E. 2010. Design for Reliability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lämmel, R., J. Saraiva, and J. Visser, editors. 2013. Generative and Transformational Techniques in Software Engineering IV: International Summer School, GTTSE 2011, Braga, Portugal, July 3-9, 2011. Revised Papers. Volume 7680. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Atkinson, K., and W. Han. 2012. Numerical Quadrature. Pages 165–210 in W. Han, editor. Spherical Harmonics and Approximations on the Unit Sphere: An Introduction. Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Wildlife Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Scientists Discover Microbes That Have Remained Essentially Unchanged For 2 Billion Years. IFLScience. IFLScience. <>. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Federal Judicial Space Follow-up. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day, J. P. 2010. Semirelativistic few body problems with matrix continued fraction methods. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. 2007. New President for the Long Island Rail Road. New York Times10 June 2007:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gravitz 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gravitz 2012, Ghosez and Triscone 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghosez and Triscone 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (van Groenigen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Wildlife Management
AbbreviationJ. Wildl. Manage.
ISSN (print)0022-541X
ISSN (online)1937-2817
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles