How to format your references using the The Journal of Wildlife Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Wildlife Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dasheiff, R. 2015. A career’s twisting road. Science (New York, N.Y.) 347:918.
A journal article with 2 authors
Norvell, A., and S. B. McMahon. 2010. Cell biology. Rise of the rival. Science (New York, N.Y.) 327:964–965.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hedrick, T. L., B. Cheng, and X. Deng. 2009. Wingbeat time and the scaling of passive rotational damping in flapping flight. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324:252–255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Garsin, D. A., J. M. Villanueva, J. Begun, D. H. Kim, C. D. Sifri, S. B. Calderwood, G. Ruvkun, and F. M. Ausubel. 2003. Long-lived C. elegans daf-2 mutants are resistant to bacterial pathogens. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300:1921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Strome, T. L. 2013. Healthcare Analytics for Quality and Performance Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
El Naqa, I., R. Li, and M. J. Murphy, editors. 2015. Machine Learning in Radiation Oncology: Theory and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Privat, M., and R. Warner. 2011. Working with Data Objects. Pages 133–186 in R. Warner, editor. Pro Core Data for iOS: Data Access and Persistence Engine for iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. Apress, Berkeley, CA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Wildlife Management.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. No, Friday’s “Black Moon” Doesn’t Mean The End Of The World. IFLScience. IFLScience. <>. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Weaknesses in National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Facilities Utilization Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, J. W. 2009. Perceptually motivated automatic dance motion generation for music. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. 2017. Living the Quirky Dream. New York Times4 April 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dasheiff 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Norvell and McMahon 2010, Dasheiff 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Norvell and McMahon 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Garsin et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Wildlife Management
AbbreviationJ. Wildl. Manage.
ISSN (print)0022-541X
ISSN (online)1937-2817
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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