How to format your references using the The Journal of Wildlife Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Wildlife Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharon, M. 2013. Biochemistry. Structural MS pulls its weight. Science (New York, N.Y.) 340:1059–1060.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lockhart, D. J., and E. A. Winzeler. 2000. Genomics, gene expression and DNA arrays. Nature 405:827–836.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dai, L., K. S. Korolev, and J. Gore. 2013. Slower recovery in space before collapse of connected populations. Nature 496:355–358.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dijkstra, M. H., E. Pirinen, J. Huusko, R. Kivelä, D. Schenkwein, K. Alitalo, and S. Ylä-Herttuala. 2014. Lack of cardiac and high-fat diet induced metabolic phenotypes in two independent strains of Vegf-b knockout mice. Scientific reports 4:6238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riegel, M., D. Kroeselberg, A. Chindapol, and D. Premec. 2009. Deploying Mobile WiMAX. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Möslein, K. M. 2009. Strategies for Innovators: HHL Open School Case Book. E. E. Matthaei, editor. Gabler, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Varoto, P. S., and A. T. Mineto. 2014. Nonlinear Dynamic Behavior of Cantilever Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters: Numerical and Experimental Investigation. Pages 29–40 in A. Wicks, editor. Structural Health Monitoring, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 32nd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2014. Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series, Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Wildlife Management.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016. How Does Stoned Sex Compare To Drunk Sex? IFLScience. IFLScience. <>. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. National Airspace System: Long-Term Capacity Planning Needed Despite Recent Reduction in Flight Delays. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pei, X. 2008. Acid modification of psyllium. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2008. Court Blocks Plans for New Gas Plant in New Jersey. New York Times1 April 2008:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharon 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lockhart and Winzeler 2000, Sharon 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lockhart and Winzeler 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Dijkstra et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Wildlife Management
AbbreviationJ. Wildl. Manage.
ISSN (print)0022-541X
ISSN (online)1937-2817
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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