How to format your references using the The Journal of Wildlife Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Wildlife Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buesseler, K. O. 2012. Ecology. Fishing for answers off Fukushima. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338:480–482.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bellwood, D. R., and T. P. Hughes. 2001. Regional-scale assembly rules and biodiversity of coral reefs. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292:1532–1535.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stebe, K. J., E. Lewandowski, and M. Ghosh. 2009. Materials science. Oriented assembly of metamaterials. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325:159–160.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sonane, M., R. Goyal, D. K. Chowdhuri, K. R. Ram, and K. C. Gupta. 2013. Enhanced efficiency of P-element mediated transgenesis in Drosophila: Microinjection of DNA complexed with nanomaterial. Scientific reports 3:3408.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eicker, U. 2005. Solar Technologies for Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lee, Y., Z. Z. Bien, M. Mokhtari, J. T. Kim, M. Park, J. Kim, H. Lee, and I. Khalil, editors. 2010. Aging Friendly Technology for Health and Independence: 8th International Conference on Smart Homes and Health Telematics, ICOST 2010, Seoul, Korea, June 22-24, 2010. Proceedings. Volume 6159. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Redmond, U., M. Harrigan, and P. Cunningham. 2012. Mining Dense Structures to Uncover Anomalous Behaviour in Financial Network Data. Pages 60–76 in M. Atzmueller, A. Chin, D. Helic, and A. Hotho, editors. Modeling and Mining Ubiquitous Social Media: International Workshops MSM 2011, Boston, MA, USA, October 9, 2011, and MUSE 2011, Athens, Greece, September 5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Wildlife Management.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. A 30-Tonne Meteorite Has Been Discovered In Argentina. IFLScience. IFLScience. <>. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. State Department: Problems in the Diplomatic Courier System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, J. 2017. An Inquiry into Theory Use in HCI Research. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K. 2016. After a Flat Tire, Finding Kindness, if Not a Spare. New York Times7 November 2016:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buesseler 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bellwood and Hughes 2001, Buesseler 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bellwood and Hughes 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sonane et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Wildlife Management
AbbreviationJ. Wildl. Manage.
ISSN (print)0022-541X
ISSN (online)1937-2817
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles