How to format your references using the The Journal of Wildlife Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Wildlife Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turner, D. L. 2014. Space science: Near-Earth space shows its stripes. Nature 507:308–309.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hayden, M. R., and V. Ling. 2000. Michael Smith (1932-2000). Nature 408:786.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taniyasu, Y., M. Kasu, and T. Makimoto. 2006. An aluminium nitride light-emitting diode with a wavelength of 210 nanometres. Nature 441:325–328.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kamalakar, M. V., A. Dankert, J. Bergsten, T. Ive, and S. P. Dash. 2014. Enhanced tunnel spin injection into graphene using chemical vapor deposited hexagonal boron nitride. Scientific reports 4:6146.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kovalev, V. A. 2015. Solutions in Lidar Profiling of the Atmosphere. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bodvarsson, Ö. B. 2013. The Economics of Immigration: Theory and Policy. H. Van den Berg, editor. 2nd ed. 2013. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Reifsnider, K., and X. Huang. 2008. Engineering Durability of Micro-Miniature Fuel Cells. Pages 75–86 in S. Kakaç, A. Pramuanjaroenkij, and L. Vasiliev, editors. Mini-Micro Fuel Cells: Fundamentals and Applications. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Wildlife Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Drone that Traps Mosquitoes May Prevent Epidemics. IFLScience. IFLScience. <>. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA and NASA Have Improved Human Factors Research Coordination, but Stronger Leadership Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shackelford, V. 2014. Mary’s mandala story: Images of chaos in mandala psychology. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. 2015. A Madcap Princess Who Is Making Her Own Bed. New York Times14 December 2015:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dulac 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2008, Couzin-Frankel 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hayden and Ling 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Stinaff et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Wildlife Management
AbbreviationJ. Wildl. Manage.
ISSN (print)0022-541X
ISSN (online)1937-2817
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles