How to format your references using the International Journal of Food Contamination citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Food Contamination. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russell LM. Atmospheric science: Sea-spray particles cause freezing in clouds. Nature. 2015 Sep 10;525(7568):194–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shindo A, Wallingford JB. PCP and septins compartmentalize cortical actomyosin to direct collective cell movement. Science. 2014 Feb 7;343(6171):649–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Runguphan W, Qu X, O’Connor SE. Integrating carbon-halogen bond formation into medicinal plant metabolism. Nature. 2010 Nov 18;468(7322):461–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Aathavan K, Politzer AT, Kaplan A, Moffitt JR, Chemla YR, Grimes S, et al. Substrate interactions and promiscuity in a viral DNA packaging motor. Nature. 2009 Oct 1;461(7264):669–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franco P. Understanding Bitcoin. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Greenberg J, Waddell N, editors. “Brave New World”: Contexts and Legacies. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Agrifoglio R, Schiavone F, Metallo C. Investigating the Sailing Ship Effect as Newcomers’ Strategic Reaction to Technological Change. In: Torre T, Braccini AM, Spinelli R, editors. Empowering Organizations: Enabling Platforms and Artefacts. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Food Contamination.

Blog post
Andrew E. So Your Teenager Is Vaping E-Cigarettes – Should You Worry? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/so-your-teenager-vaping-e-cigarettes-should-you-worry/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Influence Of Public Affairs Organizations On Information And Advertising Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Aug. Report No.: B-161939.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox ET. Prenatal cocaine: Effects on neonatal vocalizations, cue-induced maternal response, and brain development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Men’s and Women’s 800-Meter Teams Are Settled. New York Times. 2012 Jun 26;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russell 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Russell 2015; Shindo and Wallingford 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shindo and Wallingford 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Aathavan et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Food Contamination
AbbreviationInt. J. Food Contam.
ISSN (online)2196-2804
Scope

Other styles