How to format your references using the The Journal of Transport History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Transport History (JTH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Karl Glazebrook, “Galaxy formation: Too small to ignore”, Nature 460:7256 (2009), 694–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karima Kissa and Philippe Herbomel, “Blood stem cells emerge from aortic endothelium by a novel type of cell transition”, Nature 464:7285 (2010), 112–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guo-Zhen Zhu, Guillaume Radtke and Gianluigi A. Botton, “Bonding and structure of a reconstructed (001) surface of SrTiO3 from TEM”, Nature 490:7420 (2012), 384–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Robert J. Paproski, Andrew Heinmiller, Keith Wachowicz and Roger J. Zemp, “Multi-wavelength photoacoustic imaging of inducible tyrosinase reporter gene expression in xenograft tumors”, Scientific reports 4 (2014), 5329.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
David Chappell, The JCT Minor Works Building Contracts 2005, (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008).
An edited book
Hans-Jürgen Borchers, Mathematical Implications of Einstein-Weyl Causality, in Rathindra Nath Sen (ed.), (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006), dccix.
A chapter in an edited book
François Spitz, “Control of Vertebrate Hox Clusters by Remote and Global Cis-Acting Regulatory Sequences”, in Jean S. Deutsch (ed.), Hox Genes: Studies from the 20th to the 21st Century (New York, NY: Springer, 2010), 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Transport History.

Blog post
Josh Davis, “The Loss Of Large Herbivores Can Alter Ecosystems For Thousands Of Years”, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2015) <https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/loss-large-herbivores-can-alter-ecosystems-thousands-years/&#62; [accessed 30 October 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Implementation of Public Law 94-142 as It Relates to Handicapped Delinquents in the District of Columbia, (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 17 October 1985).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kenneth John Bratton, “Modeling and Control of Heterogeneous Tumors Under Chemotherapy”, (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University, 2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jonah Engel Bromwich and Liam Stack, “‘Serial’ Podcast Figure Gets New Trial in a Murder He Says He Didn’t Commit”, New York Times, 30 June 2016, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Karl Glazebrook, “Galaxy formation: Too small to ignore”, Nature 460:7256 (2009), 694–5..
This sentence cites two references Karl Glazebrook, “Galaxy formation: Too small to ignore”, Nature 460:7256 (2009), 694–5; Karima Kissa and Philippe Herbomel, “Blood stem cells emerge from aortic endothelium by a novel type of cell transition”, Nature 464:7285 (2010), 112–5..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Robert J. Paproski et al., “Multi-wavelength photoacoustic imaging of inducible tyrosinase reporter gene expression in xenograft tumors”, Scientific reports 4 (2014), 5329.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Transport History
ISSN (print)0022-5266
ISSN (online)1759-3999
Scope

Other styles