How to format your references using the The Journal of the Economics of Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the Economics of Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blowes, D., 2002. Environmental chemistry. Tracking hexavalent Cr in groundwater. Science 295, 2024–2025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anbar, A.D., Knoll, A.H., 2002. Proterozoic ocean chemistry and evolution: a bioinorganic bridge? Science 297, 1137–1142.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harley, H.E., Putman, E.A., Roitblat, H.L., 2003. Bottlenose dolphins perceive object features through echolocation. Nature 424, 667–669.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cheutin, T., McNairn, A.J., Jenuwein, T., Gilbert, D.M., Singh, P.B., Misteli, T., 2003. Maintenance of stable heterochromatin domains by dynamic HP1 binding. Science 299, 721–725.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mastro, P.F., 2016. Plastics Product Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Piekkola, H., Snellman, K. (Eds.), 2005. Collective Bargaining and Wage Formation: Performance and Challenges. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Du, Y., Wang, X., Yao, J., 2012. Probability Based Timed Compatibility of Web Service Composition, in: Wang, Y., Li, T. (Eds.), Practical Applications of Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shanghai, China, Dec 2011 (ISKE2011), Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the Economics of Ageing.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Your Brain On Magic Mushrooms [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Implementation of OMB Circular No. A-76 at Science Agencies (No. GAO-07-434R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kessler, C., 2013. Elements (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2016. Fighting It Out in a Race for the Perfect Wheelchair. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blowes, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Anbar and Knoll, 2002; Blowes, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anbar and Knoll, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheutin et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the Economics of Ageing
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Ageing
ISSN (print)2212-828X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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