How to format your references using the The Journal of the Economics of Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the Economics of Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halavais, A., 2011. Social science: Open up online research. Nature 480, 174–175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibáñez, M., Cabot, A., 2013. Chemistry. All change for nanocrystals. Science 340, 935–936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elias, L.A.B., Wang, D.D., Kriegstein, A.R., 2007. Gap junction adhesion is necessary for radial migration in the neocortex. Nature 448, 901–907.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bayrakci, S.P., Keller, T., Habicht, K., Keimer, B., 2006. Spin-wave lifetimes throughout the Brillouin zone. Science 312, 1926–1929.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagashima, Y., 2013. Elementary Particle Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Grehn, F., Stamper, R. (Eds.), 2006. Glaucoma, Essentials in Ophthalmology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dede, E.M., Lee, J., Nomura, T., 2014. Electromechanical System Simulation and Optimization Studies, in: Lee, J., Nomura, T. (Eds.), Multiphysics Simulation: Electromechanical System Applications and Optimization, Simulation Foundations, Methods and Applications. Springer, London, pp. 61–187.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the Economics of Ageing.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. How Accurately Do Movies Depict Quicksand? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Early Childhood Education: What Are the Costs of High-Quality Programs? (No. HRD-90-43BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, B., 2014. Bullying of Individuals with Disabilities on a College Campus: A Qualitative Study (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Clash of the Titans. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Halavais, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Halavais, 2011; Ibáñez and Cabot, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ibáñez and Cabot, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bayrakci et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the Economics of Ageing
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Ageing
ISSN (print)2212-828X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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