How to format your references using the The Journal of the Economics of Ageing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the Economics of Ageing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd, R.W., 2008. Physics. Let quantum mechanics improve your images. Science 321, 501–502.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilks, J., Golovkina, T., 2015. Immunology. Interfering with interferons. Science 347, 233–234.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutz, W., Kritzinger, S., Skirbekk, V., 2006. Population. The demography of growing European identity. Science 314, 425.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, Y., Akiyama, H., Terakado, K., Nakatsu, T., 2013. Impact of site-directed mutant luciferase on quantitative green and orange/red emission intensities in firefly bioluminescence. Sci. Rep. 3, 2490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wright, J.R., Cooper, J.E., 2014. Introduction to Aircraft Aeroelasticity and Loads. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dignum, F.P.M., Eijk, R.M. van, Flores, R. (Eds.), 2006. Agent Communication II: International Workshops on Agent Communication, AC 2005 and AC 2006, Utrecht, Netherlands, July 25, 2005, and Hakodate, Japan, May 9, 2006, Selected and Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fragnelli, V., Ortona, G., 2006. Comparison of Electoral Systems: Simulative and Game Theoretic Approaches, in: Simeone, B., Pukelsheim, F. (Eds.), Mathematics and Democracy: Recent Advances in Voting Systems and Collective Choice, Studies in Choice and Welfare. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the Economics of Ageing.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. California Legislature Votes To Fund Country’s First Gun Violence Research Unit [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Highway Public-Private Partnerships: More Rigorous Up-Front Analysis Could Better Secure Potential Benefits and Protect the Public Interest (No. GAO-08-1149R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, A., 2017. Poetry as a Museum (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2016. U.S. Player Cleared in Meldonium Inquiry. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boyd, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Boyd, 2008; Wilks and Golovkina, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilks and Golovkina, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the Economics of Ageing
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Ageing
ISSN (print)2212-828X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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