How to format your references using the Applied Geomatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Geomatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ho D (2005) Is China prepared for microbial threats? Nature 435:421–422
A journal article with 2 authors
Morriswood B, Warren G (2013) Cell biology. Stalemate in the Golgi battle. Science 341:1465–1466
A journal article with 3 authors
Costello MJ, May RM, Stork NE (2013) Response to comments on “Can we name Earth’s species before they go extinct?” Science 341:237
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sansom OJ, Meniel VS, Muncan V, et al (2007) Myc deletion rescues Apc deficiency in the small intestine. Nature 446:676–679

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paul S (2010) Digital Video Distribution in Broadband, Television, Mobile and Converged Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bruccoleri F (2005) Wideband Low Noise Amplifiers Exploiting Thermal Noise Cancellation. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Purewal AS, Krauskopf B, Postlethwaite CM (2016) Global Effects of Time-Delayed Feedback Control Applied to the Lorenz System. In: Schöll E, Klapp SHL, Hövel P (eds) Control of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 81–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Geomatics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) Shallow Coral Reefs Can’t Rely On Their Deep Water Cousins. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Management of a National Science Foundation Office of Energy Research and Development Policy Grant to the George Washington University: Questions, Answers, and Recommendations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nellenbach KM (2010) Contributions of oral language, problem-solving, and reading attitudes to young adolescents’ silent reading comprehension. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR (2017) ISIS Holdouts in Raqqa Nearly Hemmed In by American-Backed Forces. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ho 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ho 2005; Morriswood and Warren 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morriswood and Warren 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sansom et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Geomatics
ISSN (print)1866-9298
ISSN (online)1866-928X
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles