How to format your references using the Applied Geomatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Geomatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xu X (2010) Journal club. A palaeontologist considers the evolution of birds’ mechanism of breathing. Nature 464:961
A journal article with 2 authors
Moënne-Loccoz P, Fee JA (2010) Biochemistry. Catalyzing NO to N2O in the nitrogen cycle. Science 330:1632–1633
A journal article with 3 authors
Grosenick L, Clement TS, Fernald RD (2007) Fish can infer social rank by observation alone. Nature 445:429–432
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Herrmann E, Call J, Hernàndez-Lloreda MV, et al (2007) Humans have evolved specialized skills of social cognition: the cultural intelligence hypothesis. Science 317:1360–1366

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trimble MR, George MS (2010) Biological Psychiatry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ananthasuresh GK, Corves B, Petuya V (eds) (2012) Micromechanics and Microactuators: Proceedings of MAMM 2010, Aachen, Germany, May 27-29, 2010. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Takahashi T, Suzuki T (2015) Role of Glycans in Viral Infection. In: Suzuki T, Ohtsubo K, Taniguchi N (eds) Sugar Chains: Decoding the Functions of Glycans. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 71–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Geomatics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Successfully Chop Out Mitochondrial DNA Mutations In Mouse Embryos. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) [Department of Energy’s Authority To Establish a Facility at Morgantown, West Virginia]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tabares M (2015) Comprehensive skills program for emancipated foster youth: A grant thesis project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2016) Venice by Way of New York. New York Times AR46

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Xu 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Xu 2010; Moënne-Loccoz and Fee 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moënne-Loccoz and Fee 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Herrmann et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Geomatics
ISSN (print)1866-9298
ISSN (online)1866-928X
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles