How to format your references using the Applied Geomatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Geomatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody H (2015) Prostate cancer. Nature 528:S117
A journal article with 2 authors
Culjkovic-Kraljacic B, Borden KLB (2010) Cell biology. Puzzled by PML. Science 330:1183–1184
A journal article with 3 authors
Poot-Salazar A, Hernández-Flores Á, Ardisson P-L (2014) Use of the SLW index to calculate growth function in the sea cucumber Isostichopus badionotus. Sci Rep 4:5151
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Connor CM, Morrison FJ, Fishman BJ, et al (2007) The early years. Algorithm-guided individualized reading instruction. Science 315:464–465

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benatar D (2012) The Second Sexism. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Dixit CK, Kaushik A (eds) (2016) Microfluidics for Biologists: Fundamentals and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Hong W, Wang H (2016) Branching Structures Within Random Walks and Their Applications. In: del Puerto IM, González M, Gutiérrez C, et al. (eds) Branching Processes and Their Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Geomatics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Researchers Grow A Breast In A Petri Dish. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Head Start: Progress and Challenges in Implementing Transportation Regulations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bornmann JW (2009) Becoming soldiers: Army Basic Training and the negotiation of identity. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2015) A Subatomic Existential Crisis. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brody 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Culjkovic-Kraljacic and Borden 2010; Brody 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Culjkovic-Kraljacic and Borden 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Connor et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Geomatics
ISSN (print)1866-9298
ISSN (online)1866-928X
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles