How to format your references using the The Journal of Space Safety Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Space Safety Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.S. Kalirai, The age of the Milky Way inner halo, Nature. 486 (2012) 90–92.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Srinivasan, O. Painter, Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdisk-quantum dot system, Nature. 450 (2007) 862–865.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.J. Matthews, P. Singhruck, K.J. Heywood, Deep ocean impact of a Madden-Julian oscillation observed by Argo floats, Science. 318 (2007) 1765–1769.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B.H.J. de Graaf, J.J. Rudd, M.J. Wheeler, R.M. Perry, E.M. Bell, K. Osman, F.C.H. Franklin, V.E. Franklin-Tong, Self-incompatibility in Papaver targets soluble inorganic pyrophosphatases in pollen, Nature. 444 (2006) 490–493.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.A. French, Chronicles Through the Centuries, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
C. Canuto, Analisi matematica I: Teoria ed esercizi con complementi in rete, 2a edizione, Springer, Milano, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Catalano, A. Napoli, B.C. Marincola, Sindromi aortiche acute e patologia traumatica, in: A. Napoli, B.C. Marincola (Eds.), L’angio-TC Dell’aorta, Springer, Milano, 2012: pp. 11–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Space Safety Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Injecting Bacteria Can Shrink Tumors, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Involvement of the Office of Education, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, in the Development of an Information System Called the College Suggestor, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V. Mani, Empirical study of link between operations and financial performance for retailers, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
I. by S. Dominus, Hasan Minhaj Thinks Comedy Is for Weirdos, New York Times. (2017) MM66.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Space Safety Engineering
ISSN (print)2468-8967

Other styles