How to format your references using the The Journal of Space Safety Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Space Safety Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.A. Garsin, Microbiology. Peptide signals sense and destroy target cells, Science. 306 (2004) 2202–2203.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.C. Ewing, F.N. von Hippel, Energy. Nuclear waste management in the United States--starting over, Science. 325 (2009) 151–152.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Oh, K.S. Jeong, J.S. Moore, Folding-driven synthesis of oligomers, Nature. 414 (2001) 889–893.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.R. Gordon, M.H. Goodman, M.F. Potter, K.F. Haynes, Population variation in and selection for resistance to pyrethroid-neonicotinoid insecticides in the bed bug, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Hahn, B. Behle, D. Lischewski, W. Rein, Produktionstechnische Praxis, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2002.
An edited book
D.J. Browning, ed., Diabetic Retinopathy: Evidence-Based Management, Springer, New York, NY, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Zhu, J. Wang, M. Taylor, I.J. Cox, Risk-Aware Information Retrieval, in: M. Boughanem, C. Berrut, J. Mothe, C. Soule-Dupuy (Eds.), Advances in Information Retrieval: 31th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2009, Toulouse, France, April 6-9, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 17–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Space Safety Engineering.

Blog post
D. Andrew, What Can A 1.7-Million-Year-Old Hominid Fossil Teach Us About Cancer?, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Aviation Administration: Observations on Selected Changes to FAA’s Funding and Budget Structure in the Administration’s Reauthorization Proposal, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.A. Austin, Intravenous Exposure of Pregnant Mice to Silver Nanoparticles: Silver Tissue Distribution and Effects in Maternal and Extra-Embryonic Tissues and Embryos, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, Rebelling Against a Charmed Life, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Space Safety Engineering
ISSN (print)2468-8967

Other styles