How to format your references using the The Journal of Space Safety Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Space Safety Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.K. Kuhl, Neuroscience. Who’s talking?, Science. 333 (2011) 529–530.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Patrinos, A. Bamzai, Policy needs robust climate science, Nature. 438 (2005) 285.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.-M. Lemaître, S. Bocquet, M. Méchali, Competence to replicate in the unfertilized egg is conferred by Cdc6 during meiotic maturation, Nature. 419 (2002) 718–722.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Yokoyama, S. Yokoyama, T. Kamikado, Y. Okuno, S. Mashiko, Selective assembly on a surface of supramolecular aggregates with controlled size and shape, Nature. 413 (2001) 619–621.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Malina, Delivering Sustainable Buildings, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
M. Ismail, Cooperative Networking in a Heterogeneous Wireless Medium, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
H.M.-M. Silcox, The Evolution of Justice in The Oresteia, in: A.-T. Tymieniecka (Ed.), Destiny, the Inward Quest, Temporality and Life, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011: pp. 33–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Space Safety Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, What Happens If You Add Propane To Cola?, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: DHS’s Human Capital Plan Is Largely Consistent with Relevant Guidance, but Improvements and Implementation Steps Are Still Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Zatolokin, Stylistic approaches for oboists in the operatic works of J. Hasse, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, 20 Years On, It’s Déjà Vu for ‘Slacker’ and Austin, New York Times. (2011) A21B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Space Safety Engineering
ISSN (print)2468-8967

Other styles