How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nürnberg, D. PALEOCLIMATE: Taking the Temperature of Past Ocean Surfaces. Science 2000, 289 (5485), 1698–1699.
A journal article with 2 authors
van der Zwaag, D.; Meijer, E. W. SELF-ORGANIZATION. Fueling Connections between Chemistry and Biology. Science 2015, 349 (6252), 1056–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Caron, J.-B.; Morris, S. C.; Cameron, C. B. Tubicolous Enteropneusts from the Cambrian Period. Nature 2013, 495 (7442), 503–506.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Buckley, M. J.; Mansouri, F. A.; Hoda, H.; Mahboubi, M.; Browning, P. G. F.; Kwok, S. C.; Phillips, A.; Tanaka, K. Dissociable Components of Rule-Guided Behavior Depend on Distinct Medial and Prefrontal Regions. Science 2009, 325 (5936), 52–58.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rieth, M. Pharmazeutische Mikrobiologie; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2012.
An edited book
Software Composition: 6th International Symposium, SC 2007, Braga, Portugal, March 24-25, 2007, Revised Selected Papers; Lumpe, M., Vanderperren, W., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 4829.
A chapter in an edited book
Dybkjær, L. Reasons Behind the Privatization of Datacentralen. In History of Nordic Computing 4: 4th IFIP WG 9.7 Conference, HiNC 4, Copenhagen, Denmark, August 13-15, 2014, Revised Selected Papers; Gram, C., Rasmussen, P., Østergaard, S. D., Eds.; IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp 41–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry A.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. Can Monkeys Have Autism? The Answer Could Help Us Understand What Causes The Condition. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Superfund: EPA Needs to Better Focus Cleanup Technology Development; T-RCED-92-92; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gittens, B. E. Perceptions of the Applicability of Transformational Leadership Behavior to the Leader Role of Academic Department Chairs: A Study of Selected Universities in Virginia. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Reason to Believe But Also To Be Cautious. New York Times. December 5, 2009, p D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry A
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. A
ISSN (print)1089-5639
ISSN (online)1520-5215
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry

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