How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCabe, H. Reshuffle Lifts French Synchrotron Hopes. Nature 2000, 404 (6778), 533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, M. W.; Porte, D., Jr. Diabetes, Obesity, and the Brain. Science 2005, 307 (5708), 375–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Titus, T. N.; Kieffer, H. H.; Christensen, P. R. Exposed Water Ice Discovered near the South Pole of Mars. Science 2003, 299 (5609), 1048–1051.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Larsson, E. M.; Langhammer, C.; Zorić, I.; Kasemo, B. Nanoplasmonic Probes of Catalytic Reactions. Science 2009, 326 (5956), 1091–1094.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mastro, M. Financial Derivative and Energy Market Valuation; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Hannibal, J. Neuronal Input Pathways to the Brain’s Biological Clock and Their Functional Significance; Fahrenkrug, J., Ed.; Advances in Anatomy Embryology and Cell Biology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; Vol. 182.
A chapter in an edited book
Rainov, N. G.; Whittle, I. R.; Doh-ura, K. Treatment Options in Patients with Prion Disease - the Role of Long Term Cerebroventricular Infusion of Pentosan Polysulphate. In Prions: Food and Drug Safety; Kitamoto, T., Ed.; Springer: Tokyo, 2005; pp 41–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry A.

Blog post
Hale, T. Tesla Envisioned Drone Warfare Nearly 120 Years Ago (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Health Care: Children’s Medical Services Programs in 10 States; HRD-89-81; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prasad, A. B. Analyzing Comparative Sequence Data to Understand Genome Function and Evolution. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D.; Landler, M. Trump Expected to Back NATO Mutual Aid Pledge. New York Times. May 24, 2017, p A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry A
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. A
ISSN (print)1089-5639
ISSN (online)1520-5215
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry

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