How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blake, D. Gaining Medical Momentum. Nature 2004, 429 (6991 Suppl), 19–23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zou, Z.; Buck, L. B. Combinatorial Effects of Odorant Mixes in Olfactory Cortex. Science 2006, 311 (5766), 1477–1481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roche, D.; Paillard, D.; Cortijo, E. Constraints on the Duration and Freshwater Release of Heinrich Event 4 through Isotope Modelling. Nature 2004, 432 (7015), 379–382.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Logothetis, N. K.; Pauls, J.; Augath, M.; Trinath, T.; Oeltermann, A. Neurophysiological Investigation of the Basis of the FMRI Signal. Nature 2001, 412 (6843), 150–157.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pepper, G.; Oliver, M. J. The Liquidity Theory of Asset Prices; John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Seminar on Stochastic Analysis, Random Fields and Applications VII: Centro Stefano Franscini, Ascona, May 2011; Dalang, R. C., Dozzi, M., Russo, F., Eds.; Progress in Probability; Springer: Basel, 2013; Vol. 67.
A chapter in an edited book
Benamrane, N.; Nassane, S. Medical Image Segmentation by a Multi-Agent System Approach. In Multiagent System Technologies: 5th German Conference, MATES 2007, Leipzig, Germany, September 24-26, 2007. Proceedings; Petta, P., Müller, J. P., Klusch, M., Georgeff, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; pp 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry A.

Blog post
Andrew, E. What will Climate be Like in 2100? Expect Surprises, Says New Met Office Study (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s and NASA’s Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain; GAO-08-384; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rehan, T. Y. Analysis of Life-Cycle Cost, Properties, and Field Performance of Parking Lot Pavements. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Mets Add Familia To Long List Of Injured. New York Times. May 11, 2017, p B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry A
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. A
ISSN (print)1089-5639
ISSN (online)1520-5215
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry

Other styles