How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. Risk Factors: Riddle of the Rays. Nature 2014, 515 (7527), S112-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubinoff, D.; Haines, W. P. Web-Spinning Caterpillar Stalks Snails. Science 2005, 309 (5734), 575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Otterbein, L. R.; Graceffa, P.; Dominguez, R. The Crystal Structure of Uncomplexed Actin in the ADP State. Science 2001, 293 (5530), 708–711.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Knott, S. R. V.; Wagenblast, E.; Khan, S.; Kim, S. Y.; Soto, M.; Wagner, M.; Turgeon, M.-O.; Fish, L.; Erard, N.; Gable, A. L.; Maceli, A. R.; Dickopf, S.; Papachristou, E. K.; D’Santos, C. S.; Carey, L. A.; Wilkinson, J. E.; Harrell, J. C.; Perou, C. M.; Goodarzi, H.; Poulogiannis, G.; Hannon, G. J. Erratum: Asparagine Bioavailability Governs Metastasis in a Model of Breast Cancer. Nature 2018, 556 (7699), 135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glasgow, L. A. Applied Mathematics for Science and Engineering; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Advances in Queueing Theory and Network Applications; Yue, W., Takahashi, Y., Takagi, H., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Do, Q. T.; Driscoll, M.; Slitt, A.; Seeram, N.; Peppard, T. L.; Bernard, P. Reverse Pharmacognosy: A Tool to Accelerate the Discovery of New Bioactive Food Ingredients. In Foodinformatics: Applications of Chemical Information to Food Chemistry; Martinez-Mayorga, K., Medina-Franco, J. L., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp 111–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry A.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Finding An Affordable Way To Use Graphene Is The Key To Its Success. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes from 2005 to 2009; GAO-11-918; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peto, J. A Defense of Donald Davidson’s Dissolution to the Problem of Global Skepticism. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J.; Alcindor, Y.; Armendariz, A. Tax Credits to House Poor Reinforce Racial Divisions. New York Times. July 2, 2017, p A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry A
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. A
ISSN (print)1089-5639
ISSN (online)1520-5215
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry

Other styles