How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lissauer, J. J. Astronomy. Growing Apart in Lock Step. Science 2006, 313 (5790), 1054–1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro, R. B.; Ossorio, P. N. Research Ethics. Regulation of Online Social Network Studies. Science 2013, 339 (6116), 144–145.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iwai, M.; Yokono, M.; Nakano, A. Visualizing Structural Dynamics of Thylakoid Membranes. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3768.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hou, Y.; Du, X.; Scheiner, S.; McMeekin, D. P.; Wang, Z.; Li, N.; Killian, M. S.; Chen, H.; Richter, M.; Levchuk, I.; Schrenker, N.; Spiecker, E.; Stubhan, T.; Luechinger, N. A.; Hirsch, A.; Schmuki, P.; Steinrück, H.-P.; Fink, R. H.; Halik, M.; Snaith, H. J.; Brabec, C. J. A Generic Interface to Reduce the Efficiency-Stability-Cost Gap of Perovskite Solar Cells. Science 2017, 358 (6367), 1192–1197.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liphard, K. G. Labormanagement; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH: D-69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2014.
An edited book
Magnetic Particle Imaging: A Novel SPIO Nanoparticle Imaging Technique; Buzug, T. M., Borgert, J., Eds.; Springer Proceedings in Physics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 140.
A chapter in an edited book
Érsek, T.; Nagy, Z. Á. Species Hybrids in the Genus Phytophthora with Emphasis on the Alder Pathogen Phytophthora Alni: A Review. In The Downy Mildews - Genetics, Molecular Biology and Control; Lebeda, A., Spencer-Phillips, P. T. N., Cooke, B. M., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2008; pp 31–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry A.

Blog post
Hale, T. A Woman Popped A Growth On Her Son’s Knee And Found Something Pretty Gross Inside. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Observations on American Airlines’ 1997 Study of Future Air Traffic Congestion; RCED-99-66R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya, R. M. Watershed-Scale Evaluation of Flood Reduction Effect of Low Impact Development Designs. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. A Hurricane That’s Hard to Predict, Even for a Veteran Storm Watcher. New York Times. October 7, 2016, p A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry A
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. A
ISSN (print)1089-5639
ISSN (online)1520-5215
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry

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