How to format your references using the Scientometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mottron, L. (2011). Changing perceptions: The power of autism. Nature, 479(7371), 33–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubchenco, J., & Grorud-Colvert, K. (2015). OCEAN. Making waves: The science and politics of ocean protection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6259), 382–383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Didham, R. K., Ewers, R. M., & Gemmell, N. J. (2005). Comment on “Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5714), 1412; author reply 1412.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wong, J., Krisch, M., Farber, D. L., Occelli, F., Schwartz, A. J., Chiang, T.-C., et al. (2003). Phonon dispersions of fcc delta-plutonium-gallium by inelastic x-ray scattering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5636), 1078–1080.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lednicer, D. (2015). Antineoplastic Drugs. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bouguettaya, A., Krueger, I., & Margaria, T. (Eds.). (2008). Service-Oriented Computing – ICSOC 2008: 6th International Conference, Sydney, Australia, December 1-5, 2008. Proceedings (Vol. 5364). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Balthazar, E. J. (2009). The Role of Computed Tomography. In E. J. Balthazar, A. J. Megibow, & R. Pozzi Mucelli (Eds.), Imaging of the Pancreas: Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis (pp. 49–77). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientometrics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, January 15). Meteorite Challenges Theories of Asteroid Formation. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Analysis of the Loan Interest Subsidy and Grant Methods of Financing Construction (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jobanputra, M. C. (2002). Investigation of Organic Thin Films for Application in Electro-optic Devices (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2014, May 3). In Estate Planning, Family Isn’t Always First. New York Times, p. B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mottron 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lubchenco and Grorud-Colvert 2015; Mottron 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lubchenco and Grorud-Colvert 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wong et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientometrics
ISSN (print)0138-9130
ISSN (online)1588-2861
ScopeComputer Science Applications
General Social Sciences
Library and Information Sciences

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