How to format your references using the The Journal of Pharmacy Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Pharmacy Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Koroshetz WJ. Perspective: time to tackle blood pressure. Nature. 2014 Jun 26;510(7506):S4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zhang Y, Sontheimer EJ. Structural biology. Cascading into focus. Science. 2014 Sep 19;345(6203):1452–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nicastro F, Mathur S, Elvis M. Missing baryons and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Science. 2008 Jan 4;319(5859):55–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wu X-C, Li Z, Zhou B-C, Dong Z-M. Palaeontology: a polydactylous amniote from the Triassic period. Nature. 2003 Dec 4;426(6966):516.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wiedenmannott W. Industrielle Wasseraufbereitung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Giese H, Rosu G, editors. Formal Techniques for Distributed Systems: Joint 14th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FMOODS 2012 and 32nd IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FORTE 2012, Stockholm, Sweden, June 13-16, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XIII, 269 p. 75 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7273).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Teng JG, Yu T, Wong YL. Hybrid FRP-Concrete-Steel Double-Skin Tubular Structural Members. In: Ye L, Feng P, Yue Q, editors. Advances in FRP Composites in Civil Engineering: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering (CICE 2010), Sep 27–29, 2010, Beijing, China. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 26–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Pharmacy Technology.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Galapagos Eruption Threatens Rare Iguanas. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Transportation: The Content and Uses of Shuttle Cost Estimates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jan. Report No.: NSIAD-93-115.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Liu CC. Charles T. Griffes’s “Roman Sketches”: A performer’s guide [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. Judge Rejects Justice Dept. Decision on Music Licensing. New York Times. 2016 Sep 19;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Pharmacy Technology
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Technol.
ISSN (print)8755-1225
ISSN (online)1549-4810
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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