How to format your references using the The Journal of Pharmacy Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Pharmacy Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Adami C. Evolution. Reducible complexity. Science. 2006 Apr 7;312(5770):61–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kang B, Ceder G. Battery materials for ultrafast charging and discharging. Nature. 2009 Mar 12;458(7235):190–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zimmerman A, Bai L, Ginty DD. The gentle touch receptors of mammalian skin. Science. 2014 Nov 21;346(6212):950–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Liu X, Bushnell DA, Wang D, Calero G, Kornberg RD. Structure of an RNA polymerase II-TFIIB complex and the transcription initiation mechanism. Science. 2010 Jan 8;327(5962):206–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Golding P. Next Generation Wireless Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Curzio AQ, Fortis M, editors. The EU and the Economies of the Eastern European Enlargement. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2008. VI, 202 p. 79 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gant C, Laverman GD, Navis G. MRA Inhibition in CKD: More Than Salt and Water. In: Goldsmith D, Covic A, Spaak J, editors. Cardio-Renal Clinical Challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Pharmacy Technology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Edward Snowden Designs Phone Case That Shows When It Is Being Spied On [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/edward-snowden-designs-phone-case-that-shows-when-it-is-being-spied-on/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space Transportation: Development of the Commercial Space Launch Industry Presents Safety Oversight Challenges for FAA and Raises Issues Affecting Federal Roles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Dec. Report No.: GAO-10-286T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Singh KK. An 8-PSK receiver using LNA & SRO: Design and mathematical analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B. Youth Retreats as Women’s Draw Highlights an Age of Thirtysomethings. New York Times. 2017 Jun 3;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Pharmacy Technology
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Technol.
ISSN (print)8755-1225
ISSN (online)1549-4810
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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