How to format your references using the The Journal of Pharmacy Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Pharmacy Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Valadkhan S. Young Scientist Award essay winner. Construction of a minimal, protein-free spliceosome. Science. 2005 Feb 11;307(5711):863–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anglin JR, Ketterle W. Bose-Einstein condensation of atomic gases. Nature. 2002 Mar 14;416(6877):211–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lam FH, Steger DJ, O’Shea EK. Chromatin decouples promoter threshold from dynamic range. Nature. 2008 May 8;453(7192):246–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yuan Z-L, Guan Y-J, Chatterjee D, Chin YE. Stat3 dimerization regulated by reversible acetylation of a single lysine residue. Science. 2005 Jan 14;307(5707):269–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Summers N. Managing Social Service Staff for Excellence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Neeb K-H, Pianzola A, editors. Developments and Trends in Infinite-Dimensional Lie Theory. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2011. VIII, 492 p. 9 illus. (Progress in Mathematics; vol. 288).
A chapter in an edited book
Buzdin AA, Lukyanov SA. Stem-Loop Oligonucleotides as Hybridization Probes and Their Practical Use in Molecular Biology and Biomedicine. In: Buzdin AA, Lukyanov SA, editors. Nucleic Acids Hybridization Modern Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 85–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Pharmacy Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Is Freshers’ Flu And What Can You Do About It? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: FAA’s Procurement of Explosives Detection Devices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 May. Report No.: RCED-97-111R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zepeda S. Housing First assertive community treatment program for adults with schizophrenia and co-occurring substance abuse: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Illinois Debt Takes Toll, Study Finds. New York Times. 2012 Oct 25;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Pharmacy Technology
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Technol.
ISSN (print)8755-1225
ISSN (online)1549-4810
ScopePharmaceutical Science

Other styles