How to format your references using the eTransportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for eTransportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes, A., 2007. Obituary: Alan Graham MacDiarmid (1927-2007). Nature 446, 390.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gouaux, E., Mackinnon, R., 2005. Principles of selective ion transport in channels and pumps. Science 310, 1461–1465.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, S.H., Oe, T., Blair, I.A., 2001. Vitamin C-induced decomposition of lipid hydroperoxides to endogenous genotoxins. Science 292, 2083–2086.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Du, Z., Munye, M.M., Tagalakis, A.D., Manunta, M.D.I., Hart, S.L., 2014. The role of the helper lipid on the DNA transfection efficiency of lipopolyplex formulations. Sci. Rep. 4, 7107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baudin, P., 2014. Wireless Transceiver Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Atweh, B., Graven, M., Secada, W., Valero, P. (Eds.), 2011. Mapping Equity and Quality in Mathematics Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Avasare, P., Ykman-Couvreur, C., Vanmeerbeeck, G., Mariani, G., Palermo, G., Silvano, C., Zaccaria, V., 2011. Design Space Exploration Supporting Run-Time Resource Management, in: Silvano, C., Fornaciari, W., Villar, E. (Eds.), Multi-Objective Design Space Exploration of Multiprocessor SoC Architectures: The MULTICUBE Approach. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 93–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for eTransportation.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2014. The Science Of Orgasms [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Survey of Pricing on NASA Contract (No. 912452). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spidell, R.M., 2017. Reexamining Richard Strauss’s Second Horn Concerto as a Significant Contribution to Twentieth-Century Music (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Strauss, B., 2017. Athletes Stand to Gain in a Settlement With the N.C.A.A. New York Times SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Gouaux and Mackinnon, 2005; Holmes, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gouaux and Mackinnon, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Du et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleeTransportation
ISSN (print)2590-1168

Other styles