How to format your references using the eTransportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for eTransportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Houghton, J., 2008. Meetings that changed the world: Madrid 1995: Diagnosing climate change. Nature 455, 737–738.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanders, R.W., Moore, J.P., 2014. HIV: A stamp on the envelope. Nature 514, 437–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yumoto, N., Kim, N., Burden, S.J., 2012. Lrp4 is a retrograde signal for presynaptic differentiation at neuromuscular synapses. Nature 489, 438–442.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Goodwin, A.L., Calleja, M., Conterio, M.J., Dove, M.T., Evans, J.S.O., Keen, D.A., Peters, L., Tucker, M.G., 2008. Colossal positive and negative thermal expansion in the framework material Ag3[Co(CN)6]. Science 319, 794–797.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen, S., 2005. A Biologist’s Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Karthikeyan, M., 2014. Practical Chemoinformatics. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Králová-Hromadová, I., Juhásová, L., Bazsalovicsová, E., 2016. Modern Approaches in Fascioloides magna Studies, in: Juhásová, Ľ., Bazsalovicsová, E. (Eds.), The Giant Liver Fluke, Fascioloides Magna: Past, Present and Future Research, SpringerBriefs in Animal Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 81–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for eTransportation.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Small Amount Of Video Gaming Associated With Better Adjusted Youths [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Protest Against Rejection of Bid (No. B-178720). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Claypool, K.K., 2017. Organizational Success: How the Presence of Happiness in the Workplace Affects Employee Engagement that Leads to Organizational Success (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jacoby, S., 2016. Sick and Tired of ‘God Bless America.’ New York Times SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Houghton, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Houghton, 2008; Sanders and Moore, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanders and Moore, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Goodwin et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleeTransportation
ISSN (print)2590-1168

Other styles