How to format your references using the eTransportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for eTransportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett, B.A., 2010. Geophysics. The enigmatic inner core. Science 328, 982–983.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goodman, S., Kreeger, K., 2003. Getting organized. Nature 423, 98–99.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sazonov, S.Y., Lutovinov, A.A., Sunyaev, R.A., 2004. An apparently normal gamma-ray burst with an unusually low luminosity. Nature 430, 646–648.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, C.I., Orlov, I., Ruggiero, A.M., Dykes-Hoberg, M., Lee, A., Jackson, M., Rothstein, J.D., 2001. Modulation of the neuronal glutamate transporter EAAC1 by the interacting protein GTRAP3-18. Nature 410, 84–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tardu, S., 2014. Transport and Coherent Structures in Wall Turbulence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lennarčič, J., Roth, B. (Eds.), 2006. Advances in Robot Kinematics: Mechanisms and Motion. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Gharib, M., Giorgini, P., 2015. Modeling and Reasoning About Information Quality Requirements, in: Fricker, S.A., Schneider, K. (Eds.), Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: 21st International Working Conference, REFSQ 2015, Essen, Germany, March 23-26, 2015. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for eTransportation.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Villagers Attack Mother And Child Orangutan Fleeing From Wildfires [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Telecommunications: GSA Has Accumulated Adequate Funding for Transition to New Contracts but Needs Cost Estimation Policy (No. GAO-07-268). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamoun, A., 2010. Molecular characterization of a subset of KRAB-ZFPs (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2016. Reaching a U.S. Apex, With a Bronze Medal in Tow. New York Times SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buffett, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Buffett, 2010; Goodman and Kreeger, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goodman and Kreeger, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleeTransportation
ISSN (print)2590-1168

Other styles