How to format your references using the eTransportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for eTransportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pierrehumbert, R.T., 2004. Warming the world. Nature 432, 677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mann, C.C., Plummer, M.L., 2000. ECOLOGY: The Other H’s. Science 289, 718.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tao, C., Cullen, W.G., Williams, E.D., 2010. Visualizing the electron scattering force in nanostructures. Science 328, 736–740.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barber, P.H., Palumbi, S.R., Erdmann, M.V., Moosa, M.K., 2000. Biogeography. A marine Wallace’s line? Nature 406, 692–693.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eales, L.-J., 2005. Immunology for Life Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Beck, U. (Ed.), 2014. Ulrich Beck: Pioneer in Cosmopolitan Sociology and Risk Society, SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Korolev, G.V., Mogilevich, M.M., 2009. Kinetic Features of Three-Dimensional Free-Radical Copolymerization, in: Mogilevich, M.M. (Ed.), Three-Dimensional Free-Radical Polymerization: Cross-Linked and Hyper-Branched Polymers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 111–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for eTransportation.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Watch A Man Freefall 25,000 Feet With No Parachute [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. GAO Evaluation of Report by Technassociates, Inc., on the Evaluation of Written Products Delivered by the National Center for Research in Vocational Education (No. HRD-84-79). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diaz Gonzalez, A.J., 2017. High-Pressure Study of Bio-inspired Multi-Functional Nanocomposites Using Atomic Force Microscopy Methods (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik, J.F., 2017. How to Get Financial Advice in Your Best Interest. New York Times BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pierrehumbert, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mann and Plummer, 2000; Pierrehumbert, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mann and Plummer, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Barber et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleeTransportation
ISSN (print)2590-1168

Other styles