How to format your references using the eTransportation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for eTransportation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Omelon, S., 2004. Graduate journal: from biochemist to engineer. Nature 427, 180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pennycook, S.J., Kalinin, S.V., 2014. Microscopy: Hasten high resolution. Nature 515, 487–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirichok, Y., Krapivinsky, G., Clapham, D.E., 2004. The mitochondrial calcium uniporter is a highly selective ion channel. Nature 427, 360–364.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moustafa, A., Beszteri, B., Maier, U.G., Bowler, C., Valentin, K., Bhattacharya, D., 2009. Genomic footprints of a cryptic plastid endosymbiosis in diatoms. Science 324, 1724–1726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, R.G., 2009. Environmental Calculations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ghasemi, A., 2016. Propagation Engineering in Wireless Communications, 2nd ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Teng, M., Ma, D., Du, X., 2015. Maintaining Ranking Lists in Dynamic Virtual Environments, in: Liu, A., Ishikawa, Y., Qian, T., Nutanong, S., Cheema, M.A. (Eds.), Database Systems for Advanced Applications: DASFAA 2015 International Workshops, SeCoP, BDMS, and Posters, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 20-23, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 52–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for eTransportation.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. What Would Happen If You Touched A Black Hole? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Guaranteed Student Loans: Actions to Ensure Continued Student Access to Subsidized Loans (No. HEHS-95-64). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, C.C., 2012. Charles T. Griffes’s “Roman Sketches”: A performer’s guide (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Omelon, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Omelon, 2004; Pennycook and Kalinin, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pennycook and Kalinin, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Moustafa et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleeTransportation
ISSN (print)2590-1168

Other styles