How to format your references using the Chemistry of Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry of Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zachary, D. S. On the Sustainability of an Activity. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5215.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lardner, B.; bin Lakim, M. Animal Communication: Tree-Hole Frogs Exploit Resonance Effects. Nature 2002, 420 (6915), 475.
A journal article with 3 authors
LaRiviere, F. J.; Wolfson, A. D.; Uhlenbeck, O. C. Uniform Binding of Aminoacyl-TRNAs to Elongation Factor Tu by Thermodynamic Compensation. Science 2001, 294 (5540), 165–168.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Schumacher, M. A.; Rivard, A. F.; Bächinger, H. P.; Adelman, J. P. Structure of the Gating Domain of a Ca2+-Activated K+ Channel Complexed with Ca2+/Calmodulin. Nature 2001, 410 (6832), 1120–1124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hezaveh, A. SAS® 9 Study Guide; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2016: 16th International Conference, Beijing, China, July 4-7, 2016, Proceedings, Part I; Gervasi, O., Murgante, B., Misra, S., Rocha, A. M. A. C., Torre, C. M., Taniar, D., Apduhan, B. O., Stankova, E., Wang, S., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 9786.
A chapter in an edited book
Avramidis, I.; Athanatopoulou, A.; Morfidis, K.; Sextos, A.; Giaralis, A. EC8-Compliant Seismic Analysis and Design Examples. In Eurocode-Compliant Seismic Analysis and Design of R/C Buildings: Concepts, Commentary and Worked Examples with Flowcharts; Athanatopoulou, A., Morfidis, K., Sextos, A., Giaralis, A., Eds.; Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp 247–451.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry of Materials.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Cancer-Killing CRISPR Viruses Destroy Their “Command Centers” From Within (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Maritime Infrastructure: Key Issues Related to Commercial Activity in the U.S. Arctic over the Next Decade; GAO-14-299; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton, D. S. Structural and Geophysical Interpretation of Roatán Island, Honduras, Western Caribbean. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. Surviving With the Moscow Symphony on $5 a Day. New York Times. December 20, 2000, p E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry of Materials
AbbreviationChem. Mater.
ISSN (print)0897-4756
ISSN (online)1520-5002
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Materials Chemistry

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