How to format your references using the Chemistry of Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemistry of Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McMahon, R. J. Chemistry. Chemical Reactions Involving Quantum Tunneling. Science 2003, 299 (5608), 833–834.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dziak, R. P.; Johnson, H. P. Hydrothermal Systems. Stirring the Oceanic Incubator. Science 2002, 296 (5572), 1406–1407.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shema, R.; Sacktor, T. C.; Dudai, Y. Rapid Erasure of Long-Term Memory Associations in the Cortex by an Inhibitor of PKM Zeta. Science 2007, 317 (5840), 951–953.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Poxleitner, M. K.; Carpenter, M. L.; Mancuso, J. J.; Wang, C.-J. R.; Dawson, S. C.; Cande, W. Z. Evidence for Karyogamy and Exchange of Genetic Material in the Binucleate Intestinal Parasite Giardia Intestinalis. Science 2008, 319 (5869), 1530–1533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horstmeyer, S. L. The Weather Almanac; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Emotions and Personality in Personalized Services: Models, Evaluation and Applications; Tkalčič, M., De Carolis, B., de Gemmis, M., Odić, A., Košir, A., Eds.; Human–Computer Interaction Series; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Mustakova-Possardt, E.; Oxenberg, J. Toward Socially Responsible Clinical Practice Suited to the Needs of a Global Community. In Toward a Socially Responsible Psychology for a Global Era; Mustakova-Possardt, E., Lyubansky, M., Basseches, M., Oxenberg, J., Eds.; International and Cultural Psychology; Springer: New York, NY, 2014; pp 65–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemistry of Materials.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Sex Lives Of Australian “Demon Ducks” Determined From Treasure Trove Of Fossils (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Federal Laws, Regulations, and Mandatory Standards to Securing Private Sector Information Technology Systems and Data in Critical Infrastructure Sectors; GAO-08-1075R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh, W. Elderly Vietnamese’ Perceptions of the Effects of Adult Day Health Care Services on Their Mental and Physical Well-Being. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. Colombia Military Accused of Deception on Deaths. New York Times. June 24, 2015, p A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChemistry of Materials
AbbreviationChem. Mater.
ISSN (print)0897-4756
ISSN (online)1520-5002
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Materials Chemistry

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