How to format your references using the The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Nowlan W. Human genetics. A rational view of insurance and genetic discrimination. Science. 2002;297:195–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schneider DS, Chambers MC. Microbiology. Rogue insect immunity. Science. 2008;322:1199–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Budday S, Raybaud C, Kuhl E. A mechanical model predicts morphological abnormalities in the developing human brain. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5644.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fan C, Fan M, Orlando BJ, Fastman NM, Zhang J, Xu Y, et al. X-ray and cryo-EM structures of the mitochondrial calcium uniporter. Nature. 2018;559:575–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Likhtenshtein G. Solar Energy Conversion. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1. Bernkop-Schnürch A, editor. Oral Delivery of Macromolecular Drugs: Barriers, Strategies and Future Trends. New York, NY: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Borcoci E, Pinto A, Mehaoua A, Fang L, Wang N. Resource Management and Signalling Architecture of a Hybrid Multicast Service for Multimedia Distribution. In: Pavlou G, Ahmed T, Dagiuklas T, editors. Management of Converged Multimedia Networks and Services: 11th IFIP/IEEE International Conference on Management of Multimedia and Mobile Networks and Services, MMNS 2008, Samos Island, Greece, September 22-26, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Electric Eels Bend Their Body To Double Their Electric Shocks [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/electric-eel-bends-its-body-double-its-electric-shock/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Review of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare’s Actions To Carry Out the Provisions of the National Cooley’s Anemia Control Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974 Feb. Report No.: B-164031(2).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Popoveniuc S. A framework for secure mixnet-based electronic voting [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gurley G. A Gift for Cutting Tresses and Gaining Trust. New York Times. 2015 Dec 6;ST8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India
AbbreviationJ. Obstet. Gynaecol. India
ISSN (print)0971-9202
ISSN (online)0975-6434
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles