How to format your references using the The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Willyard C. Thrombosis: Balancing act. Nature. 2014;515:S168-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rieux-Laucat F, Casanova J-L. Immunology. Autoimmunity by haploinsufficiency. Science. 2014;345:1560–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Morford SL, Houlton BZ, Dahlgren RA. Increased forest ecosystem carbon and nitrogen storage from nitrogen rich bedrock. Nature. 2011;477:78–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Revankar CM, Cimino DF, Sklar LA, Arterburn JB, Prossnitz ER. A transmembrane intracellular estrogen receptor mediates rapid cell signaling. Science. 2005;307:1625–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hites RA, Raff JD. Elements of Environmental Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Li K, Jesshope C, Jin H, Gaudiot J-L, editors. Network and Parallel Computing: IFIP International Conference, NPC 2007, Dalian, China, September 18-21, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Markner-Jäger B. Geoengineering. In: Markner-Jäger B, editor. Technical English for Geosciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 13–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. What Happens When You Add A Drop Of Liquid Nitrogen To Gasoline? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Social Security: Telephone Access to Local Field Offices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Sep. Report No.: HRD-91-112.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Murray RW. The Florida Migrant Education Program: An analysis of programmatic and expenditure practices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shpigel B. Don’t Let a Dallas Receiver’s Size Fool You. New York Times. 2016 Dec 10;SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India
AbbreviationJ. Obstet. Gynaecol. India
ISSN (print)0971-9202
ISSN (online)0975-6434
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles