How to format your references using the The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India (J Obstet Gynecol India). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bennett CL. Astrophysical observations: lensing and eclipsing Einstein’s theories. Science. 2005;307:879–84.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hengel H, Koszinowski UH. Virology. A vaccine monkey wrench? Science. 2010;328:51–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lu Z, Klem AM, Ramu Y. Ion conduction pore is conserved among potassium channels. Nature. 2001;413:809–13.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Krause O, Tanaka M, Usuda T, Hattori T, Goto M, Birkmann S, et al. Tycho Brahe’s 1572 supernova as a standard type Ia as revealed by its light-echo spectrum. Nature. 2008;456:617–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Freeman RL. Telecommunication System Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Horlacher S, editor. Transgender and Intersex: Theoretical, Practical, and Artistic Perspectives. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Haque MS. Reinventing Public Governance in Singapore: Major Reform Premises, Initiatives, and Consequences. In: Mudacumura G, Morçöl G, editors. Challenges to Democratic Governance in Developing Countries. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. The Pacific Plate’s Kinky Birth [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/the-pacific-plates-kinky-birth/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Designing Evaluations: A Workbook. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Feb. Report No.: 129366.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Piper MH. A Study of the Effectiveness of Alternative Schools through an Examination of Graduation Rates, School Climate, Student Motivation, and Academic Rigor [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sulcas R. Alla Sizova, Star Kirov Ballerina, 75. New York Times. 2014 Dec 9;B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India
AbbreviationJ. Obstet. Gynaecol. India
ISSN (print)0971-9202
ISSN (online)0975-6434
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles