How to format your references using the The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Koenig R. HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS: Bulgarians Sue CERN for Leniency. Science. 2000;290:252.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gebhardt JCM, Rief M. Biochemistry. Force signaling in biology. Science. 2009;324:1278–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Miller PM, Gavrilets S, Rice WR. Sexual conflict via maternal-effect genes in ZW species. Science. 2006;312:73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Luyssaert S, Schulze E-D, Börner A, Knohl A, Hessenmöller D, Law BE, et al. Old-growth forests as global carbon sinks. Nature. 2008;455:213–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Berthold HJ, Binnewies M. Chemisches Grundpraktikum. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. El-Meliegy E. Glasses and Glass Ceramics for Medical Applications. Noort R van, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cunningham AM, Rush PS, Matkowskyj KA. Pathologic Features of Primary Pancreatic Malignancies. In: Bentrem D, Benson AB, editors. Gastrointestinal Malignancies. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 77–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How Shrinking Aided Evolutionary Success of Dinosaurs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-shrinking-aided-evolutionary-success-dinosaurs/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Many Management Successes at WMATA, but Capital Planning Could Be Enhanced. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jul. Report No.: GAO-01-744.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tsai H-Y. Elucidating the Role of Protein Cofactors in RNA Catalysis Using Ribonuclease P as the Model System [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Maslin J. Prosecuting For-Profit Law Schools. New York Times. 2017 Oct 25;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India
AbbreviationJ. Obstet. Gynaecol. India
ISSN (print)0971-9202
ISSN (online)0975-6434
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles