How to format your references using the The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Müller-Wille S: Plant taxonomy: The love of plants. Nature 2007; 446:268
A journal article with 2 authors
Junge W, Nelson N: Structural biology. Nature’s rotary electromotors. Science 2005; 308:642–644
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim J, Ashenhurst JA, Movassaghi M: Total synthesis of (+)-11,11’-dideoxyverticillin A. Science 2009; 324:238–241
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cox MM, Goodman MF, Kreuzer KN, et al.: The importance of repairing stalled replication forks. Nature 2000; 404:37–41

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safonov VO: Trustworthy Cloud Computing, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2016
An edited book
Hartimo M (ed): Phenomenology and Mathematics, Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2010
A chapter in an edited book
Ncube M, Gumata N, Ndou E: The Spillovers of Financial Shocks from the United States into the South African Economy, in Global Growth and Financial Spillovers and the South African Macro-economy, edited by Gumata N, Ndou E. London, Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016, pp 51–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences.

Blog post
Carpineti A: Scientists Crack The Secret To Graphene’s Superconductivity [Internet]. IFLScience 2017; [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Hazardous Materials Transportation: Better Guidance and Planning Could Enhance DOT’s Explosives Classification Oversight, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2016

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kamph M: Examining Commodity, Agency, and Value: Prehistoric French Replicas, Casts, and “Frauds” within the National Museum of Natural History’s Collection2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G: A Carnival of Consciousness. New York Times 2016; D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
AbbreviationJ. Neuropsychiatry Clin. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0895-0172
ISSN (online)1545-7222
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles