How to format your references using the EURO Journal on Computational Optimization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greely HT (2011) Get ready for the flood of fetal gene screening. Nature 469:289–291
A journal article with 2 authors
Marsh M, van Meer G (2008) Cell biology. No ESCRTs for exosomes. Science 319:1191–1192
A journal article with 3 authors
Petrie RJ, Koo H, Yamada KM (2014) Generation of compartmentalized pressure by a nuclear piston governs cell motility in a 3D matrix. Science 345:1062–1065
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vitari AC, Leong KG, Newton K, et al (2011) COP1 is a tumour suppressor that causes degradation of ETS transcription factors. Nature 474:403–406

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodman GB (2014) Why Cultural Studies? John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Macey GP, Cannon JZ (eds) (2007) Reclaiming the Land: Rethinking Superfund Institutions, Methods and Practices. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Henmi K, Hattori M (2016) Parallel Learning for Combined Knowledge Acquisition Model. In: Hirose A, Ozawa S, Doya K, et al. (eds) Neural Information Processing: 23rd International Conference, ICONIP 2016, Kyoto, Japan, October 16–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 32–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Brain Injury Releases Astonishing Mathematical Powers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Policies on U.S. Citizens Studying Medicine Abroad Need Review and Reappraisal. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris SK (2017) Dissecting the Disappearing Act: Discussing the Dissipation of Black Male Role Models in Black Communities. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003) Ah, Spring, When Street Fairs Battle Each Other for Permits. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greely 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Marsh and van Meer 2008; Greely 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marsh and van Meer 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Vitari et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEURO Journal on Computational Optimization
ISSN (print)2192-4406
ISSN (online)2192-4414

Other styles