How to format your references using the EURO Journal on Computational Optimization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization (EURO J Comput Optim). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shibata D (2012) Cancer. Heterogeneity and tumor history. Science 336:304–305
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams BG, Dye C (2003) Antiretroviral drugs for tuberculosis control in the era of HIV/AIDS. Science 301:1535–1537
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferrari G, Stornaiuolo A, Mavilio F (2001) Failure to correct murine muscular dystrophy. Nature 411:1014–1015
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Habenicht A, Olapinski M, Burmeister F, et al (2005) Jumping nanodroplets. Science 309:2043–2045

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Preber BJ (2014) Financial Expert Witness Communication. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jonathan-Zamir T (2014) Policing Terrorism, Crime Control, and Police-Community Relations: Learning from the Israeli Experience. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Šfránková J, Hayosh M, Némeček Z, Přech L (2005) Magnetosheath Investigations: Interball Contribution to the Topic. In: Sauvaud J-A, Němeček Z (eds) Multiscale Processes in the Earth’s Magnetosphere: From Interball to Cluster. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 73–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Thunder God Vine Extract Makes Obese Mice Rapidly Shed The Pounds. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Telecommunications: Financial Information on 16 Telephone and Cable Companies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christiansen DA (2012) Investigation of magnetic proximity effect in ferromagnet/superconductor thin films by low temperature Magneto Optical Kerr Effect measurement. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices to Revisit Thorny Issue of Sentencing Guidelines in First Cases After Recess. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (zur Hausen 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kleindienst 2009; Gwynne 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Dye 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (van Geen et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEURO Journal on Computational Optimization
ISSN (print)2192-4406
ISSN (online)2192-4414

Other styles