How to format your references using the EURO Journal on Computational Optimization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H (2004) Coming back to life Montreal. Nature 430:274–275
A journal article with 2 authors
Volkow ND, Baler RD (2012) Neuroscience. To stop or not to stop? Science 335:546–548
A journal article with 3 authors
Bobrov K, Mayne AJ, Dujardin G (2001) Atomic-scale imaging of insulating diamond through resonant electron injection. Nature 413:616–619
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Abu-Elheiga L, Matzuk MM, Abo-Hashema KA, Wakil SJ (2001) Continuous fatty acid oxidation and reduced fat storage in mice lacking acetyl-CoA carboxylase 2. Science 291:2613–2616

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheriff RE, Hu YF (2001) Mobile Satellite Communication Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Spaccapietra S, Atzeni P, Fages F, et al (eds) (2007) Journal on Data Semantics VIII. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Timmins P (2006) Detergent Binding in Membrane Protein Crystals by Neutron Crystallography. In: Gutberlet T, Katsaras J (eds) Neutron Scattering in Biology: Techniques and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Robot Chef That Can Cook 2,000 Meals Set To Go On Sale In 2017. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Survey on State Wireless E911 Funds, an E-supplement to GAO-06-338. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garrett D (2013) A quantitative study of STEM goal and role alignment across stakeholder leaders in California: Advocacy for application of a systems solution approach. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dailey M (2017) The Arts Fall Preview Is About to Drop. New York Times A2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hoag 2004; Volkow and Baler 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Volkow and Baler 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Abu-Elheiga et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEURO Journal on Computational Optimization
ISSN (print)2192-4406
ISSN (online)2192-4414

Other styles