How to format your references using the EURO Journal on Computational Optimization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanage WP (2014) Microbiology: Microbiome science needs a healthy dose of scepticism. Nature 512:247–248
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu L-Q, Dickman JD (2012) Neural correlates of a magnetic sense. Science 336:1054–1057
A journal article with 3 authors
King N, Hittinger CT, Carroll SB (2003) Evolution of key cell signaling and adhesion protein families predates animal origins. Science 301:361–363
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Günther C, Martini E, Wittkopf N, et al (2011) Caspase-8 regulates TNF-α-induced epithelial necroptosis and terminal ileitis. Nature 477:335–339

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazimierczuk M (2013) High-Frequency Magnetic Components. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Weyns D, Malek S, Lemos R de, Andersson J (eds) (2010) Self-Organizing Architectures: First International Workshop, SOAR 2009, Cambridge, UK, September 14, 2009, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Prauzek M, Hlavica J, Michalikova M (2015) Automatic Fuzzy Classification System for Metabolic Types Detection. In: Abraham A, Jiang XH, Snášel V, Pan J-S (eds) Intelligent Data Analysis and Applications: Proceedings of the Second Euro-China Conference on Intelligent Data Analysis and Applications, ECC 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 49–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Everything You Need To Know About Cometary Exploration. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Passenger Rail Security: Federal Strategy and Enhanced Coordination Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson MS (2017) Integrating Emergency Medical Services Into the Patient-Centered Medical Home. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J (2017) Counter Offensive. New York Times MM11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hanage 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wu and Dickman 2012; Hanage 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu and Dickman 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Günther et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEURO Journal on Computational Optimization
ISSN (print)2192-4406
ISSN (online)2192-4414

Other styles