How to format your references using the EURO Journal on Computational Optimization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolthers M (2015) MINERAL CHEMISTRY. How minerals dissolve. Science 349:1288
A journal article with 2 authors
Fehr E, Fischbacher U (2003) The nature of human altruism. Nature 425:785–791
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner WR, Oppenheimer M, Wilcove DS (2009) A force to fight global warming. Nature 462:278–279
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yoshida T, Jones LE, Ellner SP, et al (2003) Rapid evolution drives ecological dynamics in a predator-prey system. Nature 424:303–306

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown R (2005) Rational Choice and Judgment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lewis D, Eysenbach G, Kukafka R, et al (eds) (2005) Consumer Health Informatics: Informing Consumers and Improving Health Care. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Rabhi FA, Rana OF, Guabtni A, Benatallah B (2009) A User-Driven Environment for Financial Market Data Analysis. In: Kundisch D, Veit DJ, Weitzel T, Weinhardt C (eds) Enterprise Applications and Services in the Finance Industry: 4th International Workshop, FinanceCom 2008, Paris, France, December 13, 2008. Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 64–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) New Frog Sex Position Observed In India. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Unemployment Insurance: Various Factors Affect Head Start and Other Early Childhood Teachers’ Eligibility for Benefits. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richey B (2014) Exploration of a Tandem Diels-Alder Ugi-Smiles Reaction. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2011) Amid the City, Learning to Survive in the Wild. New York Times C35

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wolthers 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fehr and Fischbacher 2003; Wolthers 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fehr and Fischbacher 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshida et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEURO Journal on Computational Optimization
ISSN (print)2192-4406
ISSN (online)2192-4414

Other styles