How to format your references using the EURO Journal on Computational Optimization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ekeland I (2002) Equilibrium: in the balance. Nature 417:385
A journal article with 2 authors
Weston CR, Davis RJ (2001) Signal transduction: signaling specificity- a complex affair. Science 292:2439–2440
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutz W, O’Neill BC, Scherbov S (2003) Demographics. Europe’s population at a turning point. Science 299:1991–1992
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Seayad A, Ahmed M, Klein H, et al (2002) Internal olefins to linear amines. Science 297:1676–1678

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malina M (2013) Delivering Sustainable Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Nikkhah G, Pinsker M (eds) (2013) Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Alvim MS, Andrés ME, Chatzikokolakis K, Palamidessi C (2011) On the Relation between Differential Privacy and Quantitative Information Flow. In: Aceto L, Henzinger M, Sgall J (eds) Automata, Languages and Programming: 38th International Colloquium, ICALP 2011, Zurich, Switzerland, July 4-8, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 60–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURO Journal on Computational Optimization.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Iconic Kenyan Elephant Slain By Poachers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) BART Airport Extension Update. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spotts SL (2017) A Comparative Analysis of Missouri Elementary School Arts Curriculums. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Giordano MA (2013) New Frontier for Topics In Science: Social Media. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ekeland 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Weston and Davis 2001; Ekeland 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weston and Davis 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Seayad et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEURO Journal on Computational Optimization
ISSN (print)2192-4406
ISSN (online)2192-4414

Other styles