How to format your references using the The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quintana-Murci L. Genetics. Gene losses in the human genome. Science. 2012 Feb 17;335(6070):806–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaufman MT, Churchland AK. Cognitive neuroscience: sensory noise drives bad decisions. Nature. 2013 Apr 11;496(7444):172–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li S, Matthews J, Sinha A. Atmospheric hydroxyl radical production from electronically excited NO2 and H2O. Science. 2008 Mar 21;319(5870):1657–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Foulds PG, Diggle P, Mitchell JD, Parker A, Hasegawa M, Masuda-Suzukake M, et al. A longitudinal study on α-synuclein in blood plasma as a biomarker for Parkinson’s disease. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2540.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langlois P. Simulation of Complex Systems in GIS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Näthke IS, McCartney BM, editors. APC Proteins. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; vol. 656).
A chapter in an edited book
Chen P-C, Kim Y-C. Linkages of Cross-Functional Units in Different Types of Subsidiaries. In: Kim Y-C, editor. US Firms’ Business Competence in the Taiwanese IT Industry. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 183–212. (Understanding China).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch The Funniest Interview Of Stephen Hawking Ever [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Spending Grant Funds More Efficiently Could Save Millions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Jun. Report No.: PSAD-80-58.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koester A. It All Started on a Lake [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Maryland and Princeton Gain Final With Routs. New York Times. 2000 May 20;D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
AbbreviationJ. Indian Prosthodont. Soc.
ISSN (print)0972-4052
ISSN (online)1998-4057
ScopeGeneral Dentistry
Oral Surgery

Other styles