How to format your references using the The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laursen L. SCIENCE CAREERS: Geoscientists in High Demand in the Oil Industry. Science. 2008 Aug 8;321(5890):857–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brookes D, Etkina E. SPORE series winner. Physical phenomena in real time. Science. 2010 Oct 29;330(6004):605–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cysouw M, Dediu D, Moran S. Comment on “Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa.” Science. 2012 Feb 10;335(6069):657; author reply 657.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Banal JL, White JM, Ghiggino KP, Wong WWH. Concentrating aggregation-induced fluorescence in planar waveguides: a proof-of-principle. Sci Rep. 2014 Apr 10;4:4635.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valiev RZ, Zhilyaev AP, Langdon TG. Bulk Nanostructured Materials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
Patel M. The Role of Model Integration in Complex Systems Modelling: An Example from Cancer Biology. Nagl S, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. X, 168 p. (Understanding Complex Systems).
A chapter in an edited book
Hedberg C. Epidemiology of Viral Foodborne Outbreaks: Role of Food Handlers, Irrigation Water, and Surfaces. In: Goyal SM, Cannon JL, editors. Viruses in Foods. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 147–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society.

Blog post
Andrew D. The Science Of Finding Buried Bodies [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends and Key Issues Affecting Federal Oversight and International Competitiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 May. Report No.: GAO-11-629T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cuomo AP. SB 48 and social media: Constituing an audience for and against California’s LGBT education legislation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Welcoming Back N.B.A. With Open Yawns. New York Times. 2011 Nov 29;B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
AbbreviationJ. Indian Prosthodont. Soc.
ISSN (print)0972-4052
ISSN (online)1998-4057
ScopeGeneral Dentistry
Oral Surgery

Other styles