How to format your references using the The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vohs KD. Psychology. The poor’s poor mental power. Science. 2013 Aug 30;341(6149):969–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Melbourne BA, Hastings A. Highly variable spread rates in replicated biological invasions: fundamental limits to predictability. Science. 2009 Sep 18;325(5947):1536–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Matteo T, Springel V, Hernquist L. Energy input from quasars regulates the growth and activity of black holes and their host galaxies. Nature. 2005 Feb 10;433(7026):604–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rubinstein JL, Vidale JE, Gomberg J, Bodin P, Creager KC, Malone SD. Non-volcanic tremor driven by large transient shear stresses. Nature. 2007 Aug 2;448(7153):579–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Foote M, Hillier J, Mitchell-Wallace K, Jones M. Natural catastrophe risk management and modelling. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Colombo J. Clinical Autonomic Dysfunction: Measurement, Indications, Therapies, and Outcomes. Arora R, DePace NL, Vinik AI, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XXV, 452 p. 231 illus., 192 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Cueto B, Rodríguez V. Sheltered Employment Centres and Labour Market Integration of People with Disabilities: A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation Using Spanish Data. In: Malo MÁ, Sciulli D, editors. Disadvantaged Workers: Empirical Evidence and Labour Policies. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 65–91. (AIEL Series in Labour Economics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society.

Blog post
Andrew E. Incredible Visualization of European Air Traffic. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Administration: Status of Tax Systems Modernization, Tax Delinquencies, and the Tax Gap. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Feb. Report No.: T-GGD-93-4.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitra A. Sigma Factor N: A Novel Regulator of Acid Resistance and Locus of Enterocyte Effacement in Escherichia coli O157:H7 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker L. No Parking: Condos Leave Out Cars. New York Times. 2006 Nov 12;RE12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
AbbreviationJ. Indian Prosthodont. Soc.
ISSN (print)0972-4052
ISSN (online)1998-4057
ScopeGeneral Dentistry
Oral Surgery

Other styles