How to format your references using the The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Battling the brain drain. Nature. 2002 Jan 31;415(6871):3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flatt T, Promislow DEL. Physiology. Still pondering an age-old question. Science. 2007 Nov 23;318(5854):1255–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cwiok S, Heenen PH, Nazarewicz W. Shape coexistence and triaxiality in the superheavy nuclei. Nature. 2005 Feb 17;433(7027):705–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oseki M, Okubo K, Kobayashi A, Ohta J, Fujioka H. Field-effect transistors based on cubic indium nitride. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 4;4:3951.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grinyer A. Palliative and End of Life Care for Children and Young People. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
González RG, Hirsch JA, Lev MH, Schaefer PW, Schwamm LH, editors. Acute Ischemic Stroke: Imaging and Intervention. 2nd ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. VIII, 297 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferbus-Zanda M. Kolmogorov Complexity in Perspective Part II: Classification, Information Processing and Duality. In: Dubucs J, Bourdeau M, editors. Constructivity and Computability in Historical and Philosophical Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 95–134. (Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society.

Blog post
Fang J. Old Drug Reverses Autism-Like Symptoms in Mice. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transition From School to Work: Linking Education and Worksite Training. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Aug. Report No.: HRD-91-105.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kay VL. A single mother and child welfare: A personal narrative [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times. 2015 Jul 10;C21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
AbbreviationJ. Indian Prosthodont. Soc.
ISSN (print)0972-4052
ISSN (online)1998-4057
ScopeGeneral Dentistry
Oral Surgery

Other styles