How to format your references using the The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M. Microarrays: quality control. Nature. 2006 Aug 31;442(7106):1067–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burdett TC, Freeman MR. Neuroscience. Astrocytes eyeball axonal mitochondria. Science. 2014 Jul 25;345(6195):385–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koedinger KR, Booth JL, Klahr D. Education research. Instructional complexity and the science to constrain it. Science. 2013 Nov 22;342(6161):935–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Randau L, Stanley BJ, Kohlway A, Mechta S, Xiong Y, Söll D. A cytidine deaminase edits C to U in transfer RNAs in Archaea. Science. 2009 May 1;324(5927):657–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gardi F, Benoist T, Darlay J, Estellon B, Megel R. Mathematical Programming Solver Based on Local Search. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Bezandry PH. Almost Periodic Stochastic Processes. Diagana T, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. XV, 235 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Austin B, Austin DA. Aeromonadaceae Representatives (Motile Aeromonads). In: Austin DA, editor. Bacterial Fish Pathogens: Disease of Farmed and Wild Fish. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 161–214.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society.

Blog post
Andrews R. Cancer-Killing CRISPR Viruses Destroy Their “Command Centers” From Within. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Assessment of Audits of Bilingual Education Grants in Texas by U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Inspector General. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 Dec. Report No.: AFMD-85-6.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saxena M. Learner analysis framework for globalized e-learning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Hyperactive Latvian ‘Not Afraid of Anything’ Makes Final. New York Times. 2017 Jun 8;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
AbbreviationJ. Indian Prosthodont. Soc.
ISSN (print)0972-4052
ISSN (online)1998-4057
ScopeGeneral Dentistry
Oral Surgery

Other styles