How to format your references using the The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Högbom M. Nitrogenase Mechanism. A dynamic tool for nitrogen reduction. Science. 2014 Sep 26;345(6204):1568.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jin X, Costa RM. Start/stop signals emerge in nigrostriatal circuits during sequence learning. Nature. 2010 Jul 22;466(7305):457–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Choi WY, Giraldez AJ, Schier AF. Target protectors reveal dampening and balancing of Nodal agonist and antagonist by miR-430. Science. 2007 Oct 12;318(5848):271–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Weisberg JM, Johnston S, Koribalski B, Stanimirovic S. Discovery of pulsed OH maser emission stimulated by a pulsar. Science. 2005 Jul 1;309(5731):106–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou C. Design and Analysis of Composite Structures. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Leibe B, Matas J, Sebe N, Welling M, editors. Computer Vision – ECCV 2016: 14th European Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 11–14, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXIX, 873 p. 330 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9905).
A chapter in an edited book
Rutgersson A, Jaagus J, Schenk F, Stendel M, Bärring L, Briede A, et al. Recent Change—Atmosphere. In: The BACC II Author Team, editor. Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 69–97. (Regional Climate Studies).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society.

Blog post
Andrew E. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. CRISPR Technology Brings Precise Genetic Editing – And Raises Ethical Questions. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Research Fleet Modernization: NOAA Needs to Consider Alternatives to the Acquisition of New Vessels. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Aug. Report No.: RCED-94-170.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ameen U. Social and political climates’ influence on Muslim American students’ intersectional identity [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Weighing Narcotics Policy Against Needs of a Church. New York Times. 2005 Nov 2;A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
AbbreviationJ. Indian Prosthodont. Soc.
ISSN (print)0972-4052
ISSN (online)1998-4057
ScopeGeneral Dentistry
Oral Surgery

Other styles