How to format your references using the The Journal of Hellenic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Hellenic Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Faul, U.H. (2001) ‘Melt retention and segregation beneath mid-ocean ridges’, Nature 410, 920–23
A journal article with 2 authors
Möller, K. and Bein, T. (2011) ‘Chemistry. Pores within pores--how to craft ordered hierarchical zeolites’, Science 333, 297–98
A journal article with 3 authors
Hubbell, J.A., Thomas, S.N. and Swartz, M.A. (2009) ‘Materials engineering for immunomodulation’, Nature 462, 449–60
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, K. et al. (2006) ‘Granular materials: packing grains by thermal cycling’, Nature 442, 257

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tian, J. (2005) Software Quality Engineering (Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Gobbetti, M. (2013) Bacterial Communication in FoodsDi Cagno, R. (ed.) (SpringerBriefs in Food, Health, and Nutrition ) (Boston, MA)
A chapter in an edited book
Siek, J.G. (2012) ‘The C++0x “Concepts” Effort’, in J. Gibbons (ed.), Generic and Indexed Programming: International Spring School, SSGIP 2010, Oxford, UK, March 22-26, 2010, Revised Lectures (Lecture Notes in Computer Science ) (Berlin, Heidelberg) 175–216

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Hellenic Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) ‘Volcano Eruptions In Alaska Could Cause Trans-Atlantic Chaos For Airlines’ [Online] Available at: [Accessed: 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Motor Carriers: Establishing System for Self-Reporting Equipment Problems Appears Feasible, but Safety Benefits Questionable and Costs Unknown (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell, T.J. (2012) ‘Saxophone sonatas: 1980–2010’, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. (2015) ‘Rebooting Pensions’, New York Times F14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Faul (2001).
This sentence cites two references Faul (2001); Möller and Bein (2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three or more authors: Chen et al. (2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Hellenic Studies
AbbreviationJ. Hell. Stud.
ISSN (print)0075-4269
ISSN (online)2041-4099
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Visual Arts and Performing Arts
Linguistics and Language

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