How to format your references using the The Journal of Hellenic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Hellenic Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiessling, W. (2005) ‘Long-term relationships between ecological stability and biodiversity in Phanerozoic reefs’, Nature 433, 410–13
A journal article with 2 authors
Xiong, Y. and Steitz, T.A. (2004) ‘Mechanism of transfer RNA maturation by CCA-adding enzyme without using an oligonucleotide template’, Nature 430, 640–45
A journal article with 3 authors
Poolman, B., Geertsma, E.R. and Slotboom, D.-J. (2007) ‘Biochemistry. A missing link in membrane protein evolution’, Science 315, 1229–31
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hÿtch, M., Houdellier, F., Hüe, F. and Snoeck, E. (2008) ‘Nanoscale holographic interferometry for strain measurements in electronic devices’, Nature 453, 1086–89

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stephanie Hammer (2013) Architects of Electronic Trading (Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Sampaio, P. and Saraiva, P. (eds) (2016) Quality in the 21st Century: Perspectives from ASQ Feigenbaum Medal Winners (Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Chrysafiadi, K. and Virvou, M. (2015) ‘Evaluation’, in M. Virvou (ed.), Advances in Personalized Web-Based Education (Intelligent Systems Reference Library ) (Cham) 91–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Hellenic Studies.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016) ‘Thanks To Cosmic Rays, We Finally Know What The Inside Of A Pyramid Looks Like’ [Online] Available at: [Accessed: 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Inquiry Into Allegations of Improprieties at the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Loden, M.R. (2010) ‘The rhetorical elephant in the room: How three political action committees are strategically [re]defining the U.S. Republican Party’, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011) ‘Togetherness Helps Set Winner Apart’, New York Times F9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Kiessling (2005).
This sentence cites two references Kiessling (2005); Xiong and Steitz (2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three or more authors: Hÿtch et al. (2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Hellenic Studies
AbbreviationJ. Hell. Stud.
ISSN (print)0075-4269
ISSN (online)2041-4099
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Visual Arts and Performing Arts
Linguistics and Language

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