How to format your references using the The Journal of Hellenic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Hellenic Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, M. (2013) ‘The spine’, Nature 503, S1
A journal article with 2 authors
Clardy, J. and Walsh, C. (2004) ‘Lessons from natural molecules’, Nature 432, 829–37
A journal article with 3 authors
Turney, C.S.M., Roberts, R.G. and Jacobs, Z. (2006) ‘Archaeology: progress and pitfalls in radiocarbon dating’, Nature 443, E3; discussion E4
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, Y., Han, S.-T., Yan, Y., Huang, L.-B., Zhou, L., Huang, J. and Roy, V.A.L. (2013) ‘Solution processed molecular floating gate for flexible flash memories’, Sci. Rep. 3, 3093

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo, L., Liew, T.H. and Yeap, B.L. (2005) Turbo Coding, Turbo Equalisation and Space-Time Coding (Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Ventura, H.O. (ed.) (2016) Pharmacologic Trends of Heart Failure (Current Cardiovascular Therapy ) (Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Cao, Y., Leroux, P. and Steyaert, M. (2015) ‘Background on Time-to-Digital Converters’, in P. Leroux and M. Steyaert (eds), Radiation-Tolerant Delta-Sigma Time-to-Digital Converters (Analog Circuits and Signal Processing ) (Cham) 39–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Hellenic Studies.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015) ‘Different Butterflies And Moths Experience Climate Change Differently’ [Online] Available at: [Accessed: 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Safe and Drug-Free Schools: Balancing Accountability With State and Local Flexibility (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bergemann, E. (2009) ‘Exploring psychotherapist empathic attunement from a psychoneurobiological perspective: Is empathy enhanced by yoga and meditation?’, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kercher, S. (2016) ‘From Pinup to Muse’, New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Hellenic Studies
AbbreviationJ. Hell. Stud.
ISSN (print)0075-4269
ISSN (online)2041-4099
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Visual Arts and Performing Arts
Linguistics and Language

Other styles