How to format your references using the The Journal of Hellenic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Hellenic Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blomgren, G.E. (2000) ‘Electrochemistry. Making a potential difference’, Nature 407, 681–82
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacobsen, S.B. and Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. (2003) ‘Geochemistry. How old is planet Earth?’, Science 300, 1513–14
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, Y., Samal, E. and Srivastava, D. (2005) ‘Serum response factor regulates a muscle-specific microRNA that targets Hand2 during cardiogenesis’, Nature 436, 214–20
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, K., Guo, J.Z., Peng, Y., Xi, W. and Guo, A. (2007) ‘Dopamine-mushroom body circuit regulates saliency-based decision-making in Drosophila’, Science 316, 1901–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambaum, M.H.P. (2010) Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere (Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Cold, G.E. and Juul, N. (eds) (2008) Monitoring of Cerebral and Spinal Haemodynamics During Neurosurgery (Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Yamanaka, K. and Hamano, Y. (2010) ‘Biotechnological Production of Poly-Epsilon-l-Lysine for Food and Medical Applications’, in Y. Hamano (ed.), Amino-Acid Homopolymers Occurring in Nature (Microbiology Monographs ) (Berlin, Heidelberg) 61–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Hellenic Studies.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017) ‘Ancient Collision Created Ice Volcanoes On Saturn’s Moon’ [Online] Available at: [Accessed: 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) West Coast Ports: Better Supply Chain Information Could Improve DOT’s Freight Efforts (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, S.J. (2014) ‘Adapting Korean Cinderella Folklore as Fairy Tales for Children’, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016) ‘In Cleveland’s Revival, They Were Champions First’, New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Hellenic Studies
AbbreviationJ. Hell. Stud.
ISSN (print)0075-4269
ISSN (online)2041-4099
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Visual Arts and Performing Arts
Linguistics and Language

Other styles