How to format your references using the The Journal of Hellenic Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Hellenic Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. (2004) ‘Department of Energy. Nominee scores cabinet hat trick’, Science 306, 2018
A journal article with 2 authors
Sakaguchi, S. and Wing, K. (2011) ‘Immunology. Damping by depletion’, Science 332, 542–43
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle, N.J., Russell, A.F. and Wilson, A.J. (2014) ‘The evolution of flexible parenting’, Science 345, 776–81
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chang, X., Xu, T., Li, Y. and Wang, K. (2013) ‘Dynamic modular architecture of protein-protein interaction networks beyond the dichotomy of “date” and “party” hubs’, Sci. Rep. 3, 1691

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hirsch, F., Kemp, J. and Ilkka, J. (2006) Mobile Web Services (Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Calin, O. (2005) Geometric Mechanics on Riemannian Manifolds: Applications to Partial Differential EquationsChang, D.-C. (ed.) (Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis ) (Boston, MA)
A chapter in an edited book
Kliučininkas, L., Račys, V., Radžiūnienė, I. and Jankūnaitė, D. (2015) ‘Collective Versus Household Iron Removal from Groundwater at Villages in Lithuania’, in W. Leal Filho and V. Sümer (eds), Sustainable Water Use and Management: Examples of New Approaches and Perspectives (Green Energy and Technology ) (Cham) 91–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Hellenic Studies.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015) ‘Three Dogs Had A Nasty Run-In With A Porcupine’ [Online] Available at: [Accessed: 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Safeguarding Taxpayer Information: An Evaluation of the Proposed Computerized Tax Administration System (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shipe, R.L. (2015) ‘Creating productive ambiguity: A visual research narrative’, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., Remnick, N. and Baker, A.L. (2017) ‘Blood Spilled in South Bronx As National Gang Colors Blur’, New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Mervis (2004).
This sentence cites two references Mervis (2004); Sakaguchi and Wing (2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three or more authors: Chang et al. (2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Hellenic Studies
AbbreviationJ. Hell. Stud.
ISSN (print)0075-4269
ISSN (online)2041-4099
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Visual Arts and Performing Arts
Linguistics and Language

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